Kaduna

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Kaduna
Kaduna River
Kaduna River
Kaduna is located in Nigeria
Kaduna
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°31′23″N 7°26′25″E / 10.52306°N 7.44028°E / 10.52306; 7.44028
CountryFlag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
StateKaduna State
Government
 • GovernorNasir Ahmad el-Rufai
Area
 • Total131 km2 (51 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
 (2006 census)[1]
 • Total760,084
 • Rank8th
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities
Gbagyi, Adara, Hausa, Atyap-Bajju, Ham, Yoruba, Fulani, Kanuri, Marghi, Nupe, and Igbo,
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (CEST)
ClimateAw
Websitewww.kdsg.gov.ng

Kaduna is the state capital of Kaduna State in north-western Nigeria, on the Kaduna River. It is a trade centre and a major transportation hub for the surrounding agricultural areas, with its rail and road junction. The population of Kaduna was at 760,084 as of the 2006 Nigerian census.

Rapid urbanisation since 2005 has created an increasingly large population, now estimated to be around 1.3 million. Kaduna's name derives from the Hausa word kada, for crocodile (kaduna being the plural form).[2]

Etymology[edit]

The etymology of the word Kaduna is said to be a corruption of the Hausa word for “crocodiles”, Kadduna in the Hausa language.[3] Another version of the name proposes a link to the Gbagyi word/name 'Odna', meaning 'river'.[4]

History[edit]

Kaduna was founded by British colonists in 1900.[5] It became the capital of Nigeria's former Northern Region in 1917,[6] and retained this status until 1967. The first British governor of Northern Nigeria, Sir Frederick Lugard, chose the present site for development due to its proximity to the Lagos-Kano Railway.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kaduna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
38.3
(100.9)
38.3
(100.9)
37.8
(100.0)
34.4
(93.9)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
33.4
(92.1)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
29.5
(85.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
31.1
(88.0)
32.7
(90.9)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
25.0
(77.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.6
(76.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.0
(73.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.7
(62.1)
20.4
(68.7)
21.6
(70.9)
20.9
(69.6)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
19.3
(66.7)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
15.0
(59.0)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
2
(0.1)
13
(0.5)
66
(2.6)
157
(6.2)
178
(7.0)
206
(8.1)
290
(11.4)
277
(10.9)
86
(3.4)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
1,280
(50.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.3 mm) 0 0 2 5 13 16 18 22 21 8 0 0 105
Average relative humidity (%) 26 24 37 57 73 82 86 88 85 74 48 31 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 262.7 266.6 243.0 241.8 216.0 155.0 120.9 171.0 248.0 285.0 294.5 2,783.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 9.3 8.6 8.1 7.8 7.2 5.0 3.9 5.7 8.0 9.5 9.5 7.6
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[8]

Education[edit]

Tertiary Institutions in Kaduna city include:

Places of worship[edit]

Among the places of worship, there are predominantly Muslim mosques.[9] There are also Christian churches and temples: Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), Presbyterian Church of Nigeria (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Nigerian Baptist Convention (Baptist World Alliance), Living Faith Church Worldwide, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Assemblies of God, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaduna (Catholic Church).

Transports[edit]

Airport[edit]

The city is served by Kaduna International Airport.

Railways[edit]

Kaduna is an important junction on Nigeria's Cape gauge railway network. At Kaduna, a branch line connects the Lagos–Nguru Railway to the Port Harcourt–Maidugur Railway.

Kaduna is also on the route of the planned Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between the national capital of Abuja and Kaduna. Trains for Abuja depart from the Rigasa Railway Station in Kaduna.[10]

Sports[edit]

There is a large racecourse named Murtala Mohammed Square, approximately 1.6 kilometres (1 mi) round, inside which is found the Kaduna Polo Club. Kaduna Golf Club is also located within the Kaduna CBD. Other Sports facilities include the Ahmadu Bello Stadium and Ranchers Bees Stadium.

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Television stations within the city include

  • NTA Kaduna ( which offers a Digital TV service as Starcomms)
  • Kaduna State Media Corporation TV (KSTV)
  • Desmims Independent Television (DITV)
  • Liberty TV

a couple of companies also offer Digital satellite TV services e.g DSTV and FreeTV

Radio[edit]

Radio stations within the city include

AM
  • 639 MW – Kada 1 (KSMC)
  • 747 MW – Nagarta Radio
  • 594 MW – FRCN (Hausa), Kaduna
  • 1107 MW – FRCN (English), Kaduna
FM
  • Brila FM
  • Kada 2 FM, Kaduna (KSMC)
  • Capital Sounds FM, Kaduna (KSMC)
  • Liberty Radio (English) Kaduna
  • Karama FM, Kaduna (FRCN)
  • Freedom Radio FM, Kaduna
  • Supreme FM, Kaduna (FRCN)
  • Alheri Radio FM, Kaduna
  • Invicta FM, Kaduna
  • Liberty Radio (Hausa) Kaduna
  • Ray Power FM Kaduna

Economy[edit]

River Kaduna and Old Railway Bridge.
Sun-dried tomato and pepper farm, Hunkuyi, Kaduna State.

Kaduna is an industrial centre of Northern Nigeria and the Middle Belt, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminium, petroleum products and bearings. However, the textile industry has been declining because of factory closings due to neglect during military rule and competition with Chinese imports. Other light manufactures include: plastics, pharmaceuticals, leather goods, furniture, and televisions.[7] Some of the main agricultural exports include: cotton, peanuts, sorghum, and ginger.[11]

Automobile manufacturing also remains an important part of Kaduna's economy.[2] Peugeot Automobiles Nigeria has an assembly plant in Kaduna.[12]

Pottery is highly prized from Kaduna, especially from the Nok culture.

Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC), one of Nigeria's four main oil refineries is located in Kaduna. It is supplied by a pipeline from the Niger Delta oil fields.[7][13]

A 2009 World Bank survey states that Kaduna is one of the top six cities with the highest unemployment. 20% of the population is estimated to be unemployed.[2]

Kaduna has a large market, recently rebuilt after an extensive fire in the mid-1990s.

Kaduna also has a branch of the Nigerian Stock Exchange.[7]

Kaduna has an inland dry port[14]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Summing the 2 LGAs Kaduna North/South as per Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 2007-05-19.
  2. ^ a b c "Kaduna". The Forum for Cities in Transition. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Kaduna | Location, History, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  4. ^ Shekwo, Joseph Amali (1979). Fundamentals of the Gbagyi Language. Zaria: Centre for Adult Education and Extension Services, Ahmadu Bello University.
  5. ^ Toyin Falola, Ann Genova, Matthew M. Heaton, Historical Dictionary of Nigeria, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2018, p. 217
  6. ^ Fletcher, Banister; Dan Cruickshank (1996). "Africa". Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture. Architectural Press. p. 1466. ISBN 0-7506-2267-9.
  7. ^ a b c d "Kaduna". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Klimatafel von Kaduna / Nigeria" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  9. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2107
  10. ^ Muhammad, Hamisu (23 July 2016). "A memorable trip on the Abuja-Kaduna train". Daily Trust.
  11. ^ "Kaduna". Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia (6th ed.). ISBN 9780787650155. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Peugeot Nigeria | Motion & Emotion". www.peugeotnigeria.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  13. ^ "Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC)". www.nnpcgroup.com. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  14. ^ "Kaduna Inland Dry Port (KIDP)". Kaduna Inland Dry Port. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  15. ^ Nossiter, Adam (2010-01-17). "Lonely Trek to Radicalism for Terror Suspect". The New York Times.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kaduna at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 10°31′N 7°26′E / 10.517°N 7.433°E / 10.517; 7.433