Wizards (film)

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Wizards poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Ralph Bakshi
Produced by Ralph Bakshi
Written by Ralph Bakshi
Starring Bob Holt
Jesse Welles
Richard Romanus
David Proval
Steve Gravers
Narrated by Susan Tyrrell
Music by Andrew Belling
Cinematography Ted C. Bemiller
Edited by Donald W. Ernst
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • February 9, 1977 (1977-02-09)[1]
Running time
80 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $2 million[2]
Box office $9,000,000

Wizards is a 1977 American animated post-apocalyptic science fantasy film about the battle between two wizards, one representing the forces of magic and one representing the forces of industrial technology. It was written, produced, and directed by Ralph Bakshi.[3]

Wizards is notable for being the first fantasy film made by Bakshi, who was previously known only for urban films such as Fritz the Cat, Heavy Traffic and Coonskin. It grossed $9 million theatrically from a $1.2 million budget, and has since become a cult classic.


In the beginning of the story, Earth has been devastated by a nuclear war. Only a handful of humans have survived, while the rest have changed into mutants who roam the irradiated wastelands. In the idyllic land of Montagar, fairies, elves, and dwarves live in peace. During a celebration of 3,000 years of peace, Delia, queen of the fairies, gives birth to twin wizards: Avatar, who spends much of his boyhood entertaining his mother with beautiful visions, and Blackwolf, who spends his time torturing small animals. After many years, Delia dies, and Blackwolf tries to seize her rule; but Avatar expels him. Years later, Blackwolf has become ruler of Scortch (a semi-irradiated zone), where he restores ancient technology. He tries to attack Montagar twice, but is foiled both times. Blackwolf then discovers an old projector and reels of Nazi propaganda footage, which he uses first to inspire his own soldiers and later to distract the elves, whom his own people can then overcome.

Peace, Avatar, Weehawk and Elinore.

In Montagar, Avatar has become a tutor training the local president's daughter Elinore, when the president is assassinated by Necron 99, a robot sent by Blackwolf. Defeated by Avatar, Necron 99 loses the desire for war and Avatar changes the robot's name to Peace. Having learned Blackwolf's plan, Avatar, Elinore, Peace, and the elvish spy Weehawk set out to Blackwolf's base Scortch One to destroy his projector. In a forest inhabited by fairies, Peace has an intuition that something is amiss shortly before the group is accosted by the leader of the fairies, Sean. Weehawk realizes that Peace is missing, when an unseen assassin kills Sean and kidnaps Elinore. Avatar and Weehawk search for Elinore in the forbidden Fairy Sanctuary, but Weehawk falls into a chasm and insists that Avatar leave him. Weehawk is rescued from a giant mutant by Peace. As Weehawk rests, exhausted from the battle, Avatar locates Elinore, who is on trial for killing Sean, and proves his own intentions by refusing to retaliate when wounded. The fairy king thereupon teleports Avatar and Elinore to a snowy mountaintop. Lost there, they are rejoined by Weehawk and Peace. They join the encamped army of an elf General preparing to attack Scortch One the following day, but Blackwolf launches a sneak attack that night, and a battle-tank approaches the camp. Peace fires on the tank, but Elinore kills him. She jumps into the tank and escapes as Avatar and Weehawk watch in confusion.

The next day, Avatar and Weehawk enter Scortch One by ship while the General leads his elf warriors to distract Blackwolf's forces; Weehawk tracks Elinore while Avatar goes after Blackwolf. Weehawk nearly kills Elinore, but she explains that Blackwolf has been controlling her mind ever since she first touched Peace. Blackwolf declares his magic superior to Avatar's and demands his surrender; whereupon Avatar offers to show Blackwolf a trick he learned from their mother. Avatar then pulls a pistol from his sleeve and kills Blackwolf. Upon Blackwolf's death, his castle collapses. With the projector destroyed, the mutants give up fighting; and with Montagar's safety secured, Weehawk returns home, while Avatar and Elinore decide to start their own kingdom elsewhere.



Ralph Bakshi in January 2009.

Ralph Bakshi had long had an interest in fantasy, and had been drawing fantasy artwork as far back as 1955, while he was still in high school.[4] Wizards originated in the concept for Tee-Witt, an unproduced television series Bakshi developed and pitched to CBS in 1967.[4] In 1976, Bakshi pitched War Wizards to 20th Century Fox. Returning to the fantasy drawings he had created in high school for inspiration, Bakshi intended to prove that he could produce a "family picture" that had the same impact as his adult-oriented films.[5]

The film is an allegorical comment on the moral ambiguity of technology and the potentially destructive powers of propaganda.[6] Blackwolf's secret weapon is propaganda, used to incite his legions and terrorize the fairy folk of Montagar; but Avatar's willingness to use a technological tool (a handgun pulled from "up his sleeve") destroys his evil twin. Bakshi also states that Wizards "was about the creation of the state of Israel and the Holocaust, about the Jews looking for a homeland, and about the fact that fascism was on the rise again".[7]

British illustrator Ian Miller and comic book artist Mike Ploog were hired to contribute backgrounds and designs. The crew included Vita, Turek, Sparey, Vitello and Spence, who had become comfortable with Bakshi's limited storyboarding and lack of pencil tests.[5] Artist Alex Niño signed a contract with Bakshi to work on the film, and was granted a work visa, but was unable to gain permission from the Philippine government to leave for the United States until two months afterward, and later found that by the time he had arrived in the U.S., not only had the film's animation had been completed, but Niño's visa did not allow him to submit freelance work on any other projects.[8]

The film's main cast includes Bob Holt, Jesse Welles, Richard Romanus, David Proval and Steve Gravers. Bakshi cast Holt based on his ability to imitate the voice of actor Peter Falk, of whom Bakshi is a fan.[6] Welles, Romanus and Proval had previously worked with Bakshi on Hey Good Lookin', where Romanus and Proval provided the voices of Vinnie and Crazy Shapiro, respectively. Actress Tina Bowman, who plays a small role in Wizards, has a larger role in Hey Good Lookin'. Actor Mark Hamill auditioned for and received a voice role in the film. Bakshi states that "He needed a job, and he came to me, and I thought he was great, and Lucas thought he should do it, and he got not only Wizards, he got Star Wars."[9] Bakshi had wanted a female narrator for his film, and he loved Susan Tyrrell's acting. Tyrrell performed the narration for the film, but Bakshi was told that he couldn't credit her for her narration. Years later, Tyrrell told Bakshi that she got most of her work from her narration on the film, and that she wished she had allowed him to put her name on it.[6][9]

John Grant writes in his book Masters of Animation that "[the] overall affect [sic] of the animation is akin to that of the great anime creators – one has to keep reminding oneself that Wizards predates Miyazaki's The Castle of Cagliostro (1979), not the other way round. [...] The backgrounds [...] are especially lovely, even the simplest of them; and in general the movie has a strong visual brio despite occasional technical hurriedness."[10] Notable artists involved in the production of Wizards include Ian Miller, who produced the gloomy backgrounds of Scortch, and Mike Ploog, who contributed likewise for the more arcadian landscapes of Montagar.[6]

Bakshi was unable to complete the battle sequences with the budget Fox had given him. When he asked them for a budget increase, they refused (during the same meeting, director George Lucas had asked for a budget increase for Star Wars and was also refused).[9] As a result, Bakshi finished his film by paying out of his own pocket and using rotoscoping for the unfinished battle sequences.[6][9] According to Bakshi, "I thought that if we dropped all the detail, it would look very artistic, and very beautiful, and I felt, why bother animating all of this? I'm looking for a way to get realism into my film and get real emotion."[6] In his audio commentary for the film's DVD release, Bakshi states that "There's no question that it was an easier way to get these gigantic scenes that I wanted. It also was the way that showed me how to do Lord of the Rings, so it worked two ways."[9] In addition to stock footage, the film used battle sequences from films such as Zulu, El Cid, Battle of the Bulge and Alexander Nevsky for rotoscoping. Live-action sequences from Patton were also featured.[11]

Vaughn Bode's work has been credited as an influence on Wizards.[7][12] Quentin Tarantino describes Avatar as "a cross between Tolkien's Hobbit, Mel Brooks' 2000 Year Old Man, and Marvel Comics' Howard the Duck" and Blackwolf as physically similar to Sergei Eisenstein's Ivan the Terrible.[13] In Jerry Beck's Animated Movie Guide, Andrew Leal writes that "The central figure, Avatar [...] sounds a great deal like Peter Falk, and clearly owes much to cartoonist Vaughn Bodé's Cheech Wizard character."[12]

As War Wizards neared completion, Lucas requested that Bakshi change the title of his film to Wizards in order to avoid conflict with Star Wars, and Bakshi agreed because Lucas had allowed Mark Hamill to take time off from Star Wars in order to record a voice for Wizards.[5]

Response and legacy[edit]

Although Wizards received a limited release, it was very successful in the theaters that showed it, and developed a worldwide audience.[5] According to Bakshi, he was once interviewed by a German reporter who was unsure as to why the Nazi Swastika was used to represent war.[6] Bakshi said "I didn't get any criticism. People pretty much loved Wizards."[14] Film website Rotten Tomatoes, which compiles reviews from a wide range of critics, gives the film a score of 61%, considered "Fresh".[15]

Audio clips from the film have been sampled by Toxik on the album Think This,[16] Cypress Hill on the albums IV and Skull & Bones,[17][18] and Vanilla Ice on Platinum Underground.[19] and 65daysofstatic on the album Volume 1: Then We Take Japan.[20]

20th Century Fox Home Entertainment responded to an online petition created by Animation on DVD.com and written by Keith Finch demanding the film's release on DVD.[6][9][21] The disc, released on May 25, 2004, featured an audio commentary track by Bakshi and the interview segment Ralph Bakshi: The Wizard of Animation. Bakshi has stated that Wizards was always intended as a trilogy. One of the sequels was pitched to Fox, who have yet to greenlight the project.[14]

In late 2004, a Wizards II graphic novel went into production, produced by Bakshi. The stories will be from the Wizards "universe" and each story will be created by a different artist.[22] In September 2008, it was announced that Main Street Pictures would collaborate with Bakshi on a sequel to Wizards.[23][24]

20th Century Fox released a Special Edition Blu-ray Disc of the film on March 13, 2012, to commemorate the film's 35th anniversary.[25] The disc includes the special features from the DVD, along with a 24-page book including rare artwork from the film and an introduction from Bakshi.[26]

Sequel plans[edit]

Bakshi mentioned he had plans for a sequel entitled Wizards 2 that involved the relationship between Avatar and Elinore. Bakshi said the plot would be "where [their relationship] doesn't work out, and Weehawk gets in the way", The sequel was never developed due to production difficulties and the other projects on which Bakshi was then focused.[27]


  1. ^ Variety.com[dead link]
  2. ^ Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p258
  3. ^ J.C. Maçek III (2012-08-02). "'American Pop'... Matters: Ron Thompson, the Illustrated Man Unsung". PopMatters. 
  4. ^ a b Gibson, Jon M.; McDonnell, Chris (2008). "First Gigs". Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi. Universe Publishing. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0-7893-1684-6. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gibson, Jon M.; McDonnell, Chris (2008). "Wizards". Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi. Universe Publishing. pp. 132–34; 138. ISBN 0-7893-1684-6. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Wizards (Audio commentary) (DVD). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 2004. UPC 024543120261. 
  7. ^ a b Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons. Hal Leonard. p. 15. ISBN 1-55783-671-X. 
  8. ^ Duin, Steve (October 27, 2008). "Alex Niño: King of the Mountain". The Oregonian. Retrieved November 22, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Ralph Bakshi: The Wizard of Animation (Interview) (DVD). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 2004. UPC 024543120261. 
  10. ^ Grant, John (2001). Masters of Animation. p. 24. ISBN 0-8230-3041-5. 
  11. ^ "Movie connections for Wizards (1977)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved April 3, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b Beck, Jerry (2005). "Wizards". The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-55652-591-9. 
  13. ^ Tarantino, Quentin (2008). "Foreword". Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi. Universe Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 0-7893-1684-6. 
  14. ^ a b Townsend, Emru (July 2, 2004). "Interview with Ralph Bakshi". FPS. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Tomatometer for Wizards". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ Toxik (1989). "Time After Time". "Spontaneous". Roadracer Records. EAN 016861946029
  17. ^ Cypress Hill (2000). "Clash of the Titans/Dust". IV. Columbia Records. EAN 5099749160460 IV at Discogs IV on iTunes
  18. ^ Cypress Hill (2000). "Intro". Skull & Bones. Columbia Records. EAN 5099749518360 Skull & Bones at Discogs
  19. ^ Vanilla Ice (2005). "Tell Me Why". Platinum Underground. Ultrax Records. ISBN EAN 097037680220 Platinum Underground at Discogs
  20. ^ 65daysofstatic (2006). "Massive Star At The End Of Its Burning Cycle".
  21. ^ P., Ken (May 25, 2004). "An Interview with Ralph Bakshi". IGN. Retrieved March 25, 2007. 
  22. ^ McD, Chris (January 18, 2005). "In Production...". The official Ralph Bakshi website. Retrieved March 25, 2007. 
  23. ^ "Main Street Pictures Teams Up With Top Hollywood Creators". Animation World Network. September 12, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2008. 
  24. ^ Ball, Ryan (September 15, 2008). "MacFarlane, Bakshi, Woo Move to Main Street". Animation Magazine. Retrieved September 26, 2008. 
  25. ^ A Quartet of Clips from Ralph Bakshi's Wizards
  26. ^ Beck, Jerry (2012-01-10). ""Wizards" coming to Blu-ray". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved 2013-04-22. 
  27. ^ Ralph Bakshi: The Wizard of Animation

External links[edit]