Women's National Basketball League
The WNBL Logo
|Formerly||Women's Interstate Basketball Conference (WIBC) (1981)|
|No. of teams||8|
|Continent||FIBA Oceania (Oceania)|
|Townsville Fire (2nd title)|
|Most titles||University of Canberra Capitals (7 titles)|
|Level on pyramid||1|
The Women's National Basketball League (WNBL) is the pre-eminent professional women's basketball league in Australia. It is currently composed of eight teams. The league was founded in 1981 and is the women's counterpart to the National Basketball League (NBL). Several WNBL teams have NBL counterparts. The Adelaide Lightning, Melbourne Boomers, Perth Lynx, Sydney Uni Flames and Townsville Fire are the current WNBL teams sharing the market with an NBL team (although the University of Canberra Capitals and Dandenong Rangers shared a market with the Canberra Cannons and South Dragons respectively, before both NBL teams became defunct).
- 1 History
- 2 Current clubs
- 3 Regular season
- 4 Finals
- 5 Television
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Founding of the WNBL
In August 1980, West Adelaide Bearcat Coach Ted Powell, after an encouraging exchange of letters with St Kilda's Coach Bill Palmer, called a meeting at the Governor Hindmarsh Hotel in Adelaide. In attendance were Ted, North Adelaide Coach Kay McFarlane and Noarlunga Coach Brendan Flynn. At this meeting it was decided to approach three Victorian teams (St Kilda, CYMS and Nunawading) with the idea of forming a home and away Interstate Competition.
The six team's delegates all met and confirmed the new League at the Town and Country Motel in Sydney during the 1980 Australian Club Championships.
The meeting resolved to form a two-round competition between these teams to be held in July and August in 1981. The basis for the idea was that many of the top sides in both States wanted a varied competition from their standard State League as well as a suitable preparation for the Australian Club Championship, which was held on an annual basis for the top 24 teams in the country. There was also much excitement with the formation of the Men's National League in 1979 and the women felt that one of the best ways to develop the game was to provide more opportunities for the best players and clubs to play against each other more regularly.
A major consideration was finance and with this in mind the competition was formed with the six teams with a full home and away series between all teams with three games on one weekend to save costs. The NSW based clubs of Bankstown and Sutherland were not happy to be left out due to costs and offered to pay their own way to Melbourne and Adelaide where they would play each team once for double points.
And so the WNBL was born. Reference. (Boti Nagy. High flyers: women's basketball in Australia 1990. Sun Books)
In 1981, the Australian Institute of Sport was also opened and the men's head coach Dr. Adrian Hurley (who was to lead the Australian Boomers in the 1988 and 1992 Olympics) contacted the clubs and asked whether the AIS could also participate in the competition to commence later that year.
The nine teams in the inaugural season of the league were: Australian Institute of Sport (AIS), Bankstown Bruins, Catholic Young Men's Society (CYMS), Melbourne Telstars, Noarlunga Tigers, North Adelaide Rockets, St. Kilda Saints, Sutherland Sharks and West Adelaide Bearcats. The competition commenced on 19 June 1981 with the first game to be played in Adelaide between the AIS and West Adelaide. The competition was called the Women's Interstate Basketball Conference with each team paying the sum of $25 to be a part of the WIBC – giving a central fund of $200 to conduct the competition.
Early years (1981–1985)
The inaugural winner was St. Kilda who defeated the North Adelaide Rockets 77–58. St. Kilda also went on to win the Victorian State Championship and the Australian Club Championship in Melbourne, defeating Bankstown Bruins in the final. St. Kilda had three Australian representatives in Tracy Morris, Karen Ogden and Patricia Cockrem. Ogden became the national league's first dual Most Valuable Player award winner when she took the individual trophy in 1982 (the first season it was presented) and again in 1983.
In 1982, the competition expanded into another state with the entry of a combined Brisbane team. The new revised program saw Victorian teams travelling to NSW and AIS, and NSW teams travelling to South Australia and South Australian teams travelling to Victoria. It was not a full home and away competition but the beginnings of what was to come in the future. The competition also changed its name to the more appropriate Women's Basketball League. St. Kilda repeated in 1982 with a grand final win over Bankstown – the men's team also won the first two NBL titles, which showed the strength of St. Kilda at that time.
In 1983, Nunawading Spectres led by Robyn Maher easily defeated St. Kilda and went on to win nine WNBL titles during the next 12 years. During the 1983 Australian Club Championships, a workshop was held to discuss women's basketball and from that meeting came the decision to bring together a second tier of clubs to form the Women's Conference. There were now 20 women's teams playing in a home and away competition, which immediately improved the standard of women's basketball in Australia.
With the NBL finally riding the crest of a sudden wave of popularity, media interest in the women's league also was on the increase. Most clubs were recognising the need to promote themselves and the image of the league. Double header matches with the men's NBL and with South East Basketball League games – a secondary men's interstate competition – pushed the women's game before a wider spectator audience unfamiliar with the qualify of women's basketball. In 1985, the two competitions continued to work together to improve women's basketball and recognised the need to promote the competition and the individual clubs and athletes. Hobart was winners of the second conference and was keen to enter the main competition, however this was not to be until 1986.
League expansion and growth (1986–1989)
When Perth admitted a team for the 1986 Women's Basketball Conference, the two women's leagues could rightfully claim that between them they had a truly national competition. The Australian Basketball Federation approved the WBL's application to be renamed the National Women's Basketball League and a new era was underway. 1986 was also the first year that the WNBL played its first full home and away competition and next year, Perth sought a position in the number league. Perth's inclusion was on the basis that they paid their own airfares in the first two years to earn their position.
Following the success of the Seoul Olympics, the WNBL was ready to enter a new era and appointed Lyn Palmer in the newly created full-time general manager position. Lyn Palmer, who had just retired after a distinguished playing career with St. Kilda, Nunawading and Coburg, was looking for a change whilst her husband Bill was general manager of the men's NBL.
In 1989, the WNBL gained its first sponsorship in Pony, one of Australia's leading sporting apparel companies at the time for $258,000 and ABC agreed to cover the finals series. The women's game in Australia was on the move – there were 13 teams in the WNBL for the 1989 season, with the Bankstown Bruins changing their name to the Sydney Bruins to try and gain more market exposure in Australia's largest city.
Continued growth (1990s)
The next few years saw the league continue to grow with Australia being awarded the Women's World Championships in 1994. The pressure was now on to ensure that women's basketball gained a profile in the country, and in 1993, the WNBL teams agreed to contribute some money to enable the game to be televised on a weekly basis by ABC. This was the break through that the sport needed and also coincided with the Sydney Kings taking over the ownership of the Sydney Bruins and the formation of the Sydney Flames.
Coached by Carrie Graf, the Flames became one of Australia's most popular women's sporting teams. The Perth Breakers led the way with the bodysuit in the early 1990s whilst the Flames continued to modify the suit, winning the title in 1993 and gaining back page coverage on the Sydney newspapers, a feat never envisaged back in the early 1980s.
The 1990s were dominated by Sydney, Melbourne Tigers, Adelaide Lightning and Canberra. The AIS won their first title in the first summer season of 1998–99 led by one of the best basketballers in the world, Lauren Jackson.
The ABC continued to televise the league despite some difficulties in mid-2001 when the ABC contemplated changing their televising of sport. A successful lobby subsequently saw the WNBL and Netball retained on ABC. In 2006–07, the ABC undertook to increase their coverage by showing Friday night games live on ABC digital television as well as a replay in the regular Saturday afternoon slot.
The WNBL was very stable with eight teams for a number of seasons with Tasmania and Northern Territory not represented. In 2006, Bendigo, through the efforts of a strong community focus for women's basketball, commenced discussions with Basketball Australia about entering a team for the 2007–08 season. At the same time, Basketball New Zealand had discussions with Basketball Australia about a team from New Zealand entering the next season.
In October 2006, the decision was made to welcome two new teams into the WNBL for the 2007–08 season in Bendigo Spirit and Christchurch Sirens. Bendigo brought excellent community support into the league, whilst Christchurch had a number of the New Zealand Tall Ferns on their roster to begin. One of the strategic objectives of the WNBL was to see a second team out of Queensland from the south and after some very effective feasibility work, Logan Basketball Association were successful in being admitted into the 2008–09 season with the Logan Thunder.
In 2013, the Adelaide Lightning merged into a partnership with the NBL's Adelaide 36ers which sees the two clubs sharing management and marketing departments, as well as use of the 8,000 seat Adelaide Arena, the largest venue currently used in the WNBL. The collaboration of WNBL and NBL teams from the same city is seen as a way of raising the public profile of both the WNBL and the Lightning, with several Lightning home games played before 36ers games in cross-promoted double headers ensuring the women's game often finishes in front of crowds in excess of 5,000.
Over the years the success of the Opals has been vitally linked to the success of the WNBL. The WNBL has seen the development of famous Opals such as Robyn Maher, Michele Timms, Karen Dalton, Rachael Sporn, Shelley Sandie, Julie Nykiel, Jenny Whittle, Lauren Jackson and Penny Taylor. All have represented Australia with distinction and been key performers season after season for their clubs.
The WNBL has been a major stepping-stone for Australians to become noticed in European leagues and the WNBA in the United States. It has also attracted a number of American players who supplement their WNBA salaries by playing in the league. This is possible because the WNBA conducts its season in the Northern Hemisphere summer, which is the off-season for most basketball leagues throughout the world, including the WNBL. A number of international players have played in the WNBL, such as:
- Chelsea Aubry, Canada – long time member of the Bendigo Spirit.
- Alana Beard, United States – with the Canberra Capitals.
- Micaela Cocks, New Zealand – one-time champion with the Townsville Fire.
- Shanavia Dowdell, United States – one-time All-Star Five recipient with the Townsville Fire.
- Laurie Koehn, United States – with the Melbourne Boomers.
- Betnijah Laney, United States – with the Perth Lynx.
- Jo Leedham, Great Britain – one-time champion with the Melbourne Boomers.
- Angela Marino, New Zealand – with the Canberra Capitals, Perth Lynx & Adelaide Lightning.
- Krista Phillips, Canada – one-time champion with the Dandenong Rangers.
- Cappie Pondexter, United States – with the Dandenong Rangers.
- Sami Whitcomb, United States – with the Perth Lynx.
|Team||City||Arena||Colours||Joined WNBL||Head Coach|
|Adelaide Lightning||Adelaide, South Australia||Adelaide Arena||Red, Yellow, Blue, White||1992||Chris Lucas|
|Bendigo Spirit||Bendigo, Victoria||Schweppes Centre||Sky Blue, Gold, White||2007||Simon Pritchard|
|Dandenong Rangers||Dandenong, Melbourne||Dandenong Stadium||Bottle Green, Gold||1992||Larissa Anderson|
|Melbourne Boomers||Melbourne||State Basketball Centre||Purple, Gold||1984||Guy Molloy|
|Perth Lynx||Perth, Western Australia||WA Basketball Centre||Black, Red||1988||Andy Stewart|
|Sydney Uni Flames||Sydney||Brydens Stadium||Blue, Gold, White||1989||Cheryl Chambers|
|Townsville Fire||Townsville, Queensland||Townsville RSL Stadium||Black, Red, Orange||2001||Claudia Brassard|
|University of Canberra Capitals||Canberra, Australian Capital Territory||AIS Arena||Light Blue, White, Gold||1986||Paul Goriss|
- Australian Institute of Sport (AIS)
- Bankstown Bruins
- Brisbane Blazers
- Christchurch Sirens
- Coburg Cougars
- Geelong Supercats
- Hobart Islanders
- Logan Thunder
- Melbourne Tigers
- Noarlunga Tigers
- North Adelaide Rockets
- Nunawading Spectres
- South East Queensland Stars
- St. Kilda Saints
- Sutherland Sharks
- West Adelaide Bearcats
Following the winter break, teams hold preseasons throughout August and September before the regular season begins in early October. During the regular season, each team plays 22 games, 11 each home and away. Each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season.
The Most Valuable Player Award is given to player deemed the most valuable for (her team) that season. The Grand Final Most Valuable Player Award is given to player deemed the most valuable for (her team) in the finals. The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Top Shooter of the Year Award is given to the player who averages the most points at the conclusion of the regular season. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team. Also named are the All-Star Five, the most valuable and best performing players of each season.
2015–16 award winners
|Most Valuable Player Award||Suzy Batkovic||Centre||Townsville Fire|
|Grand Final MVP Award||Micaela Cocks||Guard||Townsville Fire|
|Rookie of the Year Award||Alex Ciabattoni||Forward||Adelaide Lightning|
|Defensive Player of the Year Award||Stephanie Cumming||Guard||Dandenong Rangers|
|Top Shooter Award||Suzy Batkovic||Centre||Townsville Fire|
|Coach of the Year Award||Andy Stewart||Coach||Perth Lynx|
|All-Star Five||Leilani Mitchell||Guard||Adelaide Lightning|
|Sami Whitcomb||Guard||Perth Lynx|
|Katie-Rae Ebzery||Guard||Sydney Uni Flames|
|Kelsey Griffin||Forward||Bendigo Spirit|
|Suzy Batkovic||Centre||Townsville Fire|
The top four teams at the end of the regular season advances to the finals. The teams finishing in the first and second positions at the completion of the regular season receive home advantage in their one-game first-round match-up against the teams finishing in fourth and third positions respectively. The winners of these one-game series advance to the grand final. With home advantage being awarded to the highest remaining seed, the winner of the one-game grand final series is crowned as WNBL champion.
The ABC held the rights from the inaugural season in 1981 until they axed their coverage in the 2014/15 season.
- Australian Basketball Association
- Basketball Australia
- Basketball in Australia
- National Basketball League
- State Basketball League