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YouTube Poop

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A YouTube Poop (YTP) is a type of video mashup or edit created by remixing/editing pre-existing media sources often carrying subcultural significance into a new video for humorous, satirical, obscene and profane, as well as annoying, confusing, scary, shocking, surreal, or dramatic purposes. YouTube Poops are traditionally uploaded to the video sharing website YouTube, hence the name.

History and techniques[edit]

The video regarded as the first YouTube Poop was uploaded on the website SheezyArt, as opposed to YouTube, circa 2004; "The Adventures of Super Mario 3 Remixed" or what is now known as "I'D SAY HE'S HOT ON OUR TAIL" was uploaded by YouTube user SuperYoshi.[1] It was created with Windows Movie Maker and uses clips from the 1990 animated television series The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3, which has been regarded as kitsch by fans of the Mario franchise, as a primary source. It exhibits stylistic and aesthetical staples of YouTube Poop, including repetition of clips for comedic effect (the video name is a particularly campy pun spoken by Luigi that is repeated throughout the video), and critically disregarded media as a video source.

A typical YouTube Poop uses visual and auditory effects to alter the underlying work, as well as rearrangement of individual clips. Some of these videos may involve completely or partially repurposing sources to create or convey an often self-aware story, while others follow a non-linear narrative, and some may contain no storyline at all, instead regarded among the lines of surreal humour and artistic experimentation.[2] To this degree, a YouTube Poop may even consist solely of an existing video, sometimes modified, repeated in a slowed or remixed loop.[3] In many cases, YouTube Poops utilize a bizarre sequence of elements which may entertain, confuse, or irritate, depending on the viewer.[2] Associate professor of cultural anthropology at Kansas State University, Michael Wesch, has defined YouTube Poops as "absurdist remixes that ape and mock the lowest technical and aesthetic standards of remix culture to comment on remix culture itself".[4]

Media sources of YouTube Poops include television shows, movies, anime, cartoons, commercials, video games, and other videos obtained from YouTube or elsewhere.[5] In the late 2000s, cutscenes from games released on the Philips CD-i platform (most notably Hotel Mario, Link: The Faces of Evil, and Zelda: The Wand of Gamelon) as well as The Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog[6] were incredibly common sources in YTPs, as they had been ironically acclaimed for deviating from the quality expected of their respective franchises.

YTP can often be derivative in the sense that the work of one artist (or, within the community, pooper) is sometimes used as the underlying work for another video; this can be recirculated and lead to the creation of "YTP tennis" videos, named for how they exist in rounds where the original video accumulates edits and alterations. Lawrence Lessig, Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, compared this aspect to a form of call and response, here seen as being prominent within remix culture.[7]

Another prominent type of video in the community is known as a "collab", wherein a group of YouTube Poopers' videos are compiled to make a longer, often feature-length video. Most of the time, the videos featured are made exclusively for the collab and are not uploaded to YouTube prior to the collab's release.[citation needed]

Copyright and fair use[edit]

Since YouTube Poop relies heavily on audiovisual material protected under copyright law, and the manner in which these sources are depicted is perceived by its owners as detracting from the ways in which consumers are apparently intended to access them, YTPs are known for being removed from YouTube following DMCA complaints. Political scientist and author Trajce Cvetkovski noted in 2013 that, despite Viacom filing a copyright infringement lawsuit against YouTube in 2007 explicitly concerning YouTube Poops, in particular "The Sky Had a Weegee" by Hurricoaster, which features scenes from the animated series SpongeBob SquarePants (in particular, the episode "Shanghaied") and Weegee (a satiric caricature based on Nintendo's Luigi as he appears in the DOS version of Mario Is Missing), it and many others have remained on YouTube.[8]

Copyright law in the United Kingdom allows people to use copyrighted material for the purposes of parody, pastiche, and caricature without being seen as infringing on the copyright of the material.[9] Copyright owners are only able to sue the parodist if the work is perceived as communicating hateful or discriminative messages, and modifying the intended purpose of the copyright owner's material. If the case is then taken to court, judges are advised in jurisdictional terms to decide whether the video meets these criteria.[10]

Individual responses[edit]

Besides copyright owners, entertainers and public figures whose likeliness appears in YouTube Poops have been known to make efforts to take YouTube Poopers' videos down, because mature and defamatory content is prevalent in them, and if, for example, they have a large audience of children watching said videos, they can create the assumption that these videos are primarily the work of these entertainers. Children's poet Michael Rosen (who claims to have "become a cult" among YouTube Poopers)[11] initially attempted to take videos where his poetry readings are modified down, but after frank discussions with their creators, he decided to allow the videos to stay online; he compared the videos to humorous uses of photo editing software in a later interview.[11] Rosen issued a warning on his website, saying that:

Quite a few people have fun taking my videos and making new versions of them, known as 'YouTube Poops'. Many of these are not suitable for young children. I am not responsible for either the words or pictures of these.[12]

He put a similar warning on his YouTube channel's "about" page.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dormehl, Luke (March 30, 2019). "YouTube Poop is punk rock for the internet age, and you probably don't get it". Digital Trends. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "YouTube Poop: Memes and Community". Yale University, Law and Technology. November 3, 2012. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  3. ^ Van Damme, Tommy (November 8, 2013). "Slow TV: Youtube doet het op zijn manier". De Morgen (in Dutch). Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
  4. ^ Electronic Frontier Foundation. "In the matter of exemption to prohibition on circumvention of copyright protection systems for access control technologies" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on September 12, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  5. ^ Burgess, Jean (2013). YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture. John Wiley & Sons. p. 53. ISBN 9780745675350. Archived from the original on March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  6. ^ Feldman, Brian (February 10, 2020). "How Pingas Became One of Sonic the Hedgehog's Most Famous Memes". Retrieved December 21, 2020 – via nymag.com.
  7. ^ Lessig, Lawrence. "REMIX at Computer History Museum". Archived from the original on August 4, 2015.
  8. ^ Cvetkovski, Trajce (2013). Copyright and Popular Media: Liberal Villains and Technological Change. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 175. ISBN 9781137172372. Archived from the original on August 3, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  9. ^ "The Copyright and Rights in Performances (Quotation and Parody) Regulations 2014". legislation.gov.uk. Archived from the original on January 27, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Parody copyright laws set to come into effect". BBC News. October 20, 2014. Archived from the original on September 17, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Michael Rosen discusses the poop debacle (YouTube). LitUp666. May 29, 2011. Archived from the original on November 1, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  12. ^ Rosen, Michael (May 29, 2012). "News - For Adults". michaelrosen.co.uk. Archived from the original on March 11, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "artificedesign - YouTube". YouTube. Michael Rosen. Archived from the original on March 9, 2016. Retrieved June 11, 2015.

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