1953 in Israel

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1953
in
Israel
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See also: Other events of 1953
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Events in the year 1953 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict that occurred during 1953 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian fedayeen terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1953 include:

  • 14 April – Armed Palestinian infiltrators tried for the first time to infiltrate Israel by sea, but were unsuccessful. One of the boats was intercepted and the other boat escaped.
  • 25 May – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, attack an Israeli family in Beit Nehemia, killing a woman and wounding her husband and her two children.
  • 7 June – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, attacked residential areas in southern Jerusalem, killing a youngster and wounding three others.
  • 9 June – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, attacked a farming community near Lod, and killed one of the residents. The gunmen threw hand grenades and sprayed gunfire in all directions. On the same night, another group of terrorists attacked a house in the town of Hadera. This occurred a day after Israel and Jordan signed an agreement, with UN mediation, in which Jordan undertook to prevent terrorists from crossing into Israel from Jordanian territory.
  • 10 June – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, enter kibbutz Mishmar Ayalon and kill a 19-year-old Israeli woman in her sleep.
  • 11 June – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, throw hand grenades into a young couple's home in the moshav Kfar Hess, killing an Israeli woman and severely wounding her husband.[2]
  • 2 September – Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, throw hand grenades in all directions in the neighborhood of Katamon, in the heart of Jerusalem. No one was hurt.
  • 12 October – Yehud attack: Armed Palestinian Arab militants, who infiltrated to Israel from Jordan, throw hand grenades into a home in the Yehud, killing two young children (a 3-year-old girl and a one-and-a-half year old boy).

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 1953 include:

  • 25 February – Al Burj: An IDF patrol shoot dead and mutilate bodies of five shepherds. Sheep numbering 177 confiscated.[3]
  • 28 February – Near Beit Jibrin: IDF execute five smugglers from the Gaza Strip.[4]
  • February – 12 March to 15 infiltrators from the Gaza Strip killed when they trigger a 50 kg TNT booby-trap while trying to steal water pipelines near Yad Mordechai.[5]
  • 22 April – IDF snipers in West Jerusalem open fire across the armistice line killing six.[6]
  • 11 August – Armoured 7th Brigade kill 6 in a wide ranging attack around Surif, Wadi Fukin and Beit Aula.[7]
  • 28 August – Unit 101's first combat operation. An attack on Bureij refugee camp kills 20 refugees including 7 women and five children.[8]

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

  • 31 March – Ehud Banai, Israeli singer.
  • 5 April – Raleb Majadele, Israeli Arab politician who became Israel's first Muslim minister.
  • 11 April – Adi Talmor, Israeli journalist and news presenter (died 2011).
  • 14 June – Hana Laszlo, Israeli actress and comedienne.
  • 29 December – Gali Atari, Israeli singer.

Notable deaths[edit]

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aloni, Shlomo, "Last of the Fighting 'Wooden Wonders': The DH Mosquito in Israeli Service", Air Enthusiast No. 83, Stamford, Lincs., UK, September/October 1999, p. 44.
  2. ^ Major Arab Terrorist Attacks against Israelis Prior to the 1967 Six-Day War Israel Ministry of Foreign Affiairs website. Retrieved 13 April 2011
  3. ^ Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956. Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. pp. 171-172. Quotes American vice-consul: "this particular incident seems to have a rather unusual quality of brutality about it."
  4. ^ Morris. p. 172.
  5. ^ Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956. Arab infiltration, Israeli retaliation, and the countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. p. 134.
  6. ^ Morris. p. 221.
  7. ^ Morris. p. 225.
  8. ^ Morris. p. 242.

External links[edit]