2004 in Israel

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2004
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Israel
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See also: Other events of 2004
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Timeline of Israeli history

Events in the year 2004 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Israeli scientists Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko are awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • January 29 – 400 Palestinian Arab prisoners, 30 Lebanese and other Arab prisoners, and the remains of 59 Lebanese militants and civilians are transferred to Hezbollah, together with maps showing Israeli mines in South Lebanon, in exchange for the bodies of the three dead IDF soldiers, Benny Avraham, Adi Avitan and Omar Suaad, as well as the abducted Israeli citizen Elchanan Tenenbaum, who had been captured by Hezbollah after being lured to Dubai for a drug deal.
  • April 21 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed an alleged Israeli nuclear weapons program in the 1980s, is released from prison in Israel after serving 18 years for treason.
  • May 12 – The last F-4 Phantom fighters are withdrawn from service with the Israeli Air Force.
  • May 24 – The popular singer Madonna cancels three concerts in Israel after receiving letters in which her two young children's lives are threatened. The letters contained intimate details regarding the children's routines and security staff.[1]
  • July 15 – New Zealand imposes diplomatic sanctions on Israel after an incident involving two alleged Mossad agents committing passport fraud.[2][3][4][5][6]
  • July 19 – Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon calls on French Jews to move to Israel immediately in light of the dramatic rise in French anti-semitism (510 anti-semitic acts or threats in the first six months of 2004, compared to 593 for all of 2003). The French government describes his comments as unacceptable. An Israeli spokesperson later claims that Sharon had been misunderstood.[7][8]
  • July 30 – Three people are killed and eight wounded in three suicide bomber attacks outside the Israeli and U.S. embassies and the Uzbek chief prosecutor's office in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The Islamist group Hizb ut-Tahrir is blamed by Uzbek President Islam Karimov. Other unnamed sources point to al-Qaeda.[9][10]
Israeli windsurfer Gal Fridman won a gold medal in the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics, becoming the first (and only, thus far) Olympic gold medalist in Israeli history.

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 2004 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian militant acts and operations committed against Israeli targets during 2004 include:

  • January 14 – Erez Crossing bombing: A female Palestinian Arab suicide bomber, kills two Israeli soldiers, a border policeman, and a security guard for a private manpower company and wounds twelve others at the Erez Crossing. Hamas and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades jointly claim responsibility. Hamas states it used a woman suicide bomber for the first time in order to counter Israeli precautions.[43]
  • January 29 – Gaza Street bus bombing: A Palestinian Arab suicide bomber blows up a bus in Jerusalem, killing ten bystanders and wounding at least fifty others. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claims responsibility for the attack. Hamas also claims responsibility for the bombing and denounces Al-Aqsa.
  • February 22 – Liberty Bell Park bus bombing: A Palestinian Arab suicide bomber blows himself up on a rush hour Egged bus No. 14 in Jerusalem, killing eight Israelis and wounding 60 others. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claim responsibility for the attack.
  • March 6 – First Erez Crossing attack
  • March 14 – 2004 Ashdod Port bombings: Two Palestinian Arab suicide bombers kill ten Israeli civilians when they blow themselves up at the southern port of Ashdod. Hamas and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claim joint responsibility for the blasts.
  • April 17 – Second Erez Crossing attack: An Israeli border policeman is killed and three other Israelis are iwounded in a suicide bombing at the Erez Crossing into the northern Gaza Strip.[44]
  • April 26 – Deir al-Balah suicide attack
  • April 30 – After failing to bomb his original target, a bus full of Jewish settlers, a Palestinian Arab suicide bomber detonates an explosive device next to an Israeli army patrol, injuring all four soldiers. Hamas claims responsibility.
  • May 2 – Murder of Tali Hatuel and her four daughters: Palestinian Arab gunmen kill a pregnant Israeli mother, Tali Hatuel, and all four of her young daughters near the Kissufim Crossing into the Gaza Strip. The killers are shot dead by security forces. The incident is believed to have influenced voting intentions in the vote, held the same day, by Likud Party members on whether or not to approve a unilaterally pull out from the Gaza Strip.[45][46]
  • May 22 – Beka'ot checkpoint bombing
  • July 11 – Tel Aviv bus stop bombing: An explosive device, packed with ball bearings and bolts, detonates in the bushes behind a bus stop in Tel Aviv, killing one person and injuring thirty-two others.
  • August 11 – Kalandia checkpoint attack: Two people are killed and 16 are wounded when an explosive device is detonated by Palestinian militants inside an Arab taxi as it attempts to cross the Kalandia military check point just north of Jerusalem. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades faction of Fatah claims responsibility and expresses regret that Arabs are among the dead and wounded.[47]
  • August 31 – Beersheba bus bombings: Two buses near the Beersheba municipality building are blown up by a Palestinian Arab suicide bomber. The suicide bomber takes advantage of the fact that the two buses were standing together. He detonates a bomb on one bus and then explodes a second bomb on the second bus. At least fifteen Israelis are killed and around eighty-five injured. The military wing of Hamas claims responsibility for the attack.
  • September 1 – Two Palestinian Arab suicide bombers blow themselves up almost simultaneously on two buses in central Beersheba, killing 16 Israelis and wounding dozens.
  • September 8 – Baka al-Sharkiyeh checkpoint attack: A car bomb explodes near an Israel Border Police check point in Baqa al-Sharkiya, killing only one of the soldiers. The Fatah's Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claim responsibility.[48]
  • September 14 – Kalandia Gate suicide bombing
  • September 22 – French Hill Junction bombing: A Palestinian Arab female suicide bomber detonates her bomb at the French Hill intersection in Jerusalem. Two people are killed and fifteen injured in the attack. The blast is targeted at the large number of civilians at the station at the time of attack. The military wing of al-Fatah claims responsibility for the attack.[49]
  • October 6 – Three Hamas militants are killed after infiltrating the Israeli settlement of Kfar Darom. One of the militants blows up when hit by Israeli gunfire, killing a Thai worker in addition to himself. The other two militants are killed by IDF forces.[50][51]
  • October 7 – Sinai bombings: Three bomb attacks are carried out by Palestinian Arab terrorists at holiday resorts in the Sinai Peninsula frequented by Israeli tourists. The attacks kills 34 people and injures 171. Among the dead were twelve Israelis.
  • November 1 – Carmel Market bombing: A suicide bombing by a 16-year-old Palestinian Arab boy in a Tel Aviv outdoor market kills three Israelis and wounds over 30 people. The Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claims responsibility.[52][53]
  • November 11 – Three Palestinian Arab militants, members of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, are killed by the IDF after infiltrating the Israeli settlement of Netzarim.[54]
  • November 21 – Two Palestinian Arab militants are killed by the IDF while attempting to carry out an attack on Kissufim road to Gush Katif[55]
  • December 7 – Karni crossing attack
  • December 12 – At least five Israeli soldiers are killed and ten are injured as a tunnel rigged with 1,500 kg of explosives explodes near the Rafah crossing between the Gaza Strip and Egypt. Hamas and an al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades' offshoot called "Fatah Hawk" claim joint responsibility.[56][57]
  • December 14 – A Thai worker is killed and two more are injured in Gush Katif by mortar shells fired by Palestinian Arabs.[58]

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 2004 include:

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

Israeli songwriter Naomi Shemer's grave on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. The stones were left by visitors, in keeping with an ancient Jewish custom
  • March 12 – Natan Yonatan (born 1923), Soviet (Ukraine)-born Israeli poet.
  • March 15 – Alfred Mansfeld (born 1912), Russian-born Israeli architect.
  • June 26 – Naomi Shemer (born 1930), Israeli songwriter.
  • June 29 – Arik Lavie (born 1927), German-born Israeli singer and actor.
  • August 20 – Moshe Shamir (born 1921), Israeli politician and novelist.
  • October 3 – Ze'ev Lev (born 1922), Austrian-born Israeli physicist and Torah scholar.
  • October 16 – Uzi Hitman (born 1952), Israeli singer, songwriter and composer, heart attack.
  • November 4 – Michael Gross (born 1920), Israeli painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.
  • November 5 - Nili Natkho (born 1982), Circassian Israeli basketball player.
  • November 23 – Rafael Eitan (born 1929), Israeli politician and former chief of staff, drowned.
  • December 16 – Yehudit Naot (born 1944), Israeli scientist and politician.

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Asia-Pacific | New Zealand jails Israeli 'spies'". BBC News. July 15, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=3578655&thesection=news&thesubsection=general[dead link]
  4. ^ "The Independent | Australasia News | Latest News Stories from Australasia". The Independent (UK). Retrieved September 9, 2011. [dead link]
  5. ^ "How do you want your news". Tvnz.co.nz. July 16, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "News | English". Voanews.com. August 20, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ "French Jews 'must move to Israel'". BBC News. July 18, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.haaretzdaily.com/hasen/spages/453367.html[dead link]
  9. ^ [2] Archived July 16, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ [3][dead link]
  11. ^ Lis, Jonathan (April 2, 2008). "IDF: 30 people killed in Sinai attacks, most of them Israeli". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  12. ^ [4] Archived May 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ [5] Archived June 29, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ [6] Archived June 28, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Hezbollah drone flies over Israel". BBC News. November 7, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  16. ^ Aluf Benn (April 2, 2008). "Probe: Killing of 3 Egyptians due to poor unit coordination". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Yahoo! News – Latest News & Headlines". Story.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Israeli forces kill Egypt police". BBC News. November 18, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Sharon to seek Likud okay to Labor joining government". Haaretz. Israel. April 2, 2008. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Israeli PM sacks coalition allies". BBC News. December 1, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  21. ^ "World News". Reuters. February 9, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Israel 'backs Egypt border force'". BBC News. December 2, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Israel, Egypt in prisoner swap". CNN. December 6, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  24. ^ Israel News - Haaretz Israeli News source.[dead link]
  25. ^ "Egyptians release Israeli 'spy'". BBC News. December 5, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  26. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004". Nobelprize.org. Archived from the original on 2006-04-07. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  27. ^ Service, Haaretz (April 2, 2008). "Israelis and U.S. scientist share Nobel chemistry prize". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Yahoo! News – Latest News & Headlines". Story.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Israeli parties agree coalition". BBC News. December 17, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  30. ^ New bill prohibits funds for families of terrorists - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News[dead link]
  31. ^ "Mass protest against Sharon plan". CNN. January 12, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  32. ^ World News | Reuters.com
  33. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/international/AP-Israel-Palestinians.html[dead link]
  34. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Sharon 'could modify' Gaza plan
  35. ^ High Court ruling on the separation fence (30/06/04) - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News
  36. ^ Ods Home Page
  37. ^ Israel News - Haaretz Israeli News source.
  38. ^ :: Xinhuanet - English ::
  39. ^ Breaking News, Top News & Latest News Headlines | Reuters.com
  40. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Militants die in settlement raid
  41. ^ Breaking News, Top News & Latest News Headlines | Reuters.com
  42. ^ Israeli MPs back Gaza withdrawal | World news | guardian.co.uk
  43. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Hamas woman bomber kills Israelis
  44. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/terrorism-%20obstacle%20to%20peace/palestinian%20terror%20since%202000/Victims%20of%20Palestinian%20Violence%20and%20Terrorism%20sinc
  45. ^ http://www.israelnn.com/news.php3?id=61758 Archived July 22, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Israeli children killed in Gaza
  47. ^ [7][dead link]
  48. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/475034.html[dead link]
  49. ^ http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-2980285,00.html
  50. ^ Hothouse worker from Thailand killed in south Gaza infiltration - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News
  51. ^ http://www.israelnn.com/news.php3?id=69948 Archived July 22, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  52. ^ World News | Reuters.com
  53. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Bomber attacks Tel Aviv market
  54. ^ http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=B2QIMXIA0YRY4CRBAEKSFFA?type=worldNews&storyID=6787281&section=news[dead link]
  55. ^ a b IDF troops kill three Fatah militants in West Bank - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News[dead link]
  56. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/513285.html Archived June 28, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  57. ^ CNN.com - Attack kills 5 Israeli soldiers at Gaza checkpoint - Dec 12, 2004
  58. ^ Thai worker killed in mortar attack on Gaza settlement - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News
  59. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies, Summer 2004, Volume XXX111, no 4 (132). Page 189, Chronology compiles by Michele K. Esposito. Cites Associated Press, Ha'Aretz and IDF press release. Also page 141.
  60. ^ Journal of Palestine Studies, Summer 2004, Volume XXX111, no 4 (132). Page 189, Chronology compiles by Michele K. Esposito. citing Agence France-Presse, New York Times, Washington Post and Washington Times.
  61. ^ World News | Reuters.com

External links[edit]