2003 Karbala bombings
December 27, 2003
Coalition military barracks
5 Bulgarian soldiers
2 Thai soldiers
7 Iraqi policemen
5 Iraqi civilians
200 injured (including 36 coalition soldiers)
2003 Karbala bombings consisted of four suicide attacks on the coalition military barracks in Karbala, Iraq, 110 kilometres (68 mi) south of Baghdad on December 27, 2003.
The attackers targeted two coalition bases and a
downtown Iraqi police station where U.S. military police were stationed. The attacks occurred within a 20-minute span.
The attacks [ edit ]
Bulgarian guards at the perimeter of their forward base at the Karbala University shot the suicide bomber as the gasoline tanker bore down on the front entrance. Nevertheless, the bomb exploded about 50 feet from the base's main building, killing five Bulgarian soldiers and wounding 27 other of which one died of his injuries the next day. The Bulgarian Army chief of staff, Nikola Kolev, said that they expected these attacks because Karbala was suspiciously peaceful.
In the attack on the
Thai Army camp the bomber killed two Thai soldiers and wounded five others when he rammed his vehicle into the walls of the Thai camp. The Thais were confident enough about their security that they planned to send 200 Thai civilians to visit their troops.
In the double attack on the police station 7 Iraqi policemen and 5
civilians were killed. Among the wounded were five American soldiers.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Armed groups in the Iraq War
Ba'athist rebels and insurgents
Iraqi Armed Forces and Police
Militias and others
Jaish al-Mujahideen Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq
Islamic Salafist Boy Scout Battalions (
Kataab Ashbal Al Islam Al Salafi) Mohammad's Army (aka
A guerrilla group opposed to the coalition forces, composed primarily of Sunnis believed to have Ba'athist ties.
The Iraqi Army, a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Iraqi Air Force
The Iraqi Police are the organic civil police force of the Republic of Iraq. The police have three main branches.
Iraqi Police Service (IPS): Responsible for the day to day patrolling of cities around most crimes.
National Police (NP): Paramilitary force for counterinsurgency, public-disorder and counter-terrorist tasks.
Supporting Forces: Remaining police organizations, primarily the Department of Border Enforcement (DBE).
Facilities Protection Service
A paramilitary force responsible for protecting government buildings and facilities.
Mahdi Army ( Jaish-i-Mahdi) (جيش المهدي)
The Mahdi Army is a militia force created by the Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June of 2003, disbanded in 2008.
Abu Deraa's Mahdi Army faction
In the fall of 2006, Abu Deraa and his supporters formed their own militia.
Badr Organization (originally Badr Brigade/Bader Corps) (منظمة بدر)
The armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (SCIRI).
Smuggling network and Insurgent group, which both supplies other insurgents and attacks coalition and Iraqi forces.
Soldiers of Heaven
an armed Iraqi Shi'a sect.
Special Groups (Iraq) Iranian-backed factions of the Mahdi Army which went on to become separate organisations which continued fighting after the Mahdi Army's disbanding.
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq (League of the Righteous)
The largest Special Group, led by Qais Khazali and later Akram al-Kabi.
Promised Day Brigades
The Special Group which was created as successor of the Mahdi Army and continued activities against US and coalition forces
Kata'ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades)
The most notorious Special Group, it became completely independent from the Mahdi Army and other Special Groups.
- term used by Kurds to refer to armed Kurdish fighters. The term is now officially used for the security forces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK. A militant separatist organization which aims to set up an independent Kurdish state in Turkey. As of 2013 has bases in Iraqi Kurdistan's Qandil mountains.
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons or TAK. Radical splinter group from the PKK, currently residing in the Qandil mountains.
Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan or PJAK. A militant organization aiming to overthrow the Islamic government of Iran. As of 2013 taking refuge in the Qandil mountains.
Troops at time of
MNF-I deactivation Withdrawn troops (2008 - 2011)
Withdrawn troops (2003 - 2007)
TOTAL INVASION DEPLOYMENT
Multinational Force Iraq units
NATO: A contingent of around 150 advisers under the separate command - NATO Training Mission - Iraq (withdrawn 12/11)
United States: 150,000 invasion 165,000 peak- (withdrawn 12/11)
United Kingdom: 46,000 invasion (withdrawn 5/11)
Australia: 2,000 invasion (withdrawn 7/09)
Romania: 730 peak (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 7/09)
El Salvador: 380 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 1/09)
Estonia: 40 troops (deployed 6/05-withdrawn 1/09)
Bulgaria: 485 peak (deployed 5/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Moldova: 24 peak (deployed 9/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Albania: 240 troops (deployed 4/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Ukraine: 1,650 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Denmark: 545 peak (deployed 4/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Czech Republic: 300 peak (deployed 12/03-withdrawn 12/08)
South Korea: 3,600 peak (deployed 5/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Japan: 600 troops (deployed 1/04-withdrawn 12/08)
Tonga: 55 troops (deployed 7/04-withdrawn 12/08)
Azerbaijan: 250 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Singapore: 175 offshore (deployed 12/03-withdrawn 12/08)
Bosnia and Herzegovina: 85 peak (deployed 6/05-withdrawn 11/08)
Macedonia: 77 peak (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 11/08)
Latvia: 136 peak (deployed 5/03-withdrawn 11/08)
Poland: 200 invasion—2,500 peak (withdrawn 10/08)
Kazakhstan: 29 troops (deployed 9/03-withdrawn 10/08)
Armenia: 46 troops (deployed 1/05-withdrawn 10/08)
Mongolia: 180 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 09/08)
Georgia: 2,000 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 8/08)
Slovakia: 110 peak (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 12/07)
Lithuania: 120 peak (deployed 6/03-withdrawn 08/07)
Italy: 3,200 peak (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 11/06)
Norway: 150 troops (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 8/06)
Hungary: 300 troops (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 3/05)
Netherlands: 1,345 troops (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 3/05)
Portugal: 128 troops (deployed 11/03-withdrawn 2/05)
New Zealand: 61 troops (deployed 9/03-withdrawn 9/04)
Thailand: 423 troops (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 8/04)
Philippines: 51 troops (deployed 7/03-withdrawn 7/04)
Honduras: 368 troops (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 5/04)
Dominican Republic: 302 troops (deployed 8/03-withdrawn 5/04)
Spain: 1,300 troops (deployed 4/03-withdrawn 4/04)
Nicaragua: 230 troops (deployed 9/03-withdrawn 2/04)
Iceland: 2 troops (deployed 5/03-withdrawal date unknown)