24th Special Operations Wing
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|24th Special Operations Wing|
|Part of|| U.S. Special Operations Command
Air Force Special Operations Command
|Engagements||War in Afghanistan|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|Col. Robert Armfield|
The 24th Special Operations Wing (24 SOW) is a United States Air Force active-duty wing that was activated on 12 June 2012. Its headquarters is at Hurlburt Field, Florida and it has component groups located in North Carolina, Georgia and Washington. It is the third special operations wing in Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC).
The 24th SOW is a reactivation of the 24th Wing, previously assigned with the Twelfth Air Force, stationed at Howard Air Force Base, Panama. It was inactivated on 1 November 1999. The inactivation of the 24th Wing and the closure of Howard Air Force Base ended an 82-year United States Air Force presence in Panama, which began with the formation of the 7th Aero Squadron on 29 March 1917.
It was activated on 25 December 1942 to control all USAAF units on Iceland. Disestablished in June 1944. From August 1946 until replaced by the Antilles Air Division in July 1948 the wing supervised large numbers of major and minor bases and Air Force units in the Caribbean area from Puerto Rico to British Guiana.
It was organized once more in November 1967 in the Panama Canal Zone, replacing the 5700th Air Base Wing. The wing assumed operation and maintenance responsibilities for Howard and Albrook Air Force Bases and a special operations mission that included air transport, paramilitary operations, exercise participation, civic actions in Central and South America, search and rescue missions, humanitarian operations, mercy missions, aeromedical evacuation, and support of Army Special Forces, U.S. military assistance units, and training of Latin American air forces. From its activation in 1967 until mid-1972, the 24th Wing operated the USAF Tropic Survival School at Albrook. It also controlled various rotational detachments from 1967–1987. The wing lost UH–1 helicopters and control of search and rescue missions in the area after 1 March 1983. The wing inactivated on 31 January 1987, its subordinate components reassigned directly to the USAF Southern Air Division.
The 24th was reactivated on 1 January 1989, as the 24th Composite Wing assuming responsibilities for Howard AFB and Albrook AFS. The wing flew combat sorties in the Invasion of Panama, December 1989 – January 1990. The wing trained foreign and domestic pilots in forward air control. It again flew search and rescue, aeromedical airlift and disaster relief missions in the Latin American region from 1989–1990. Members of the wing deployed to Southwest Asia to provide air liaison support between ground forces and air operations from 1 October 1990 – February 1991. When the 24th Composite Wing inactivated in 1991, its assets were placed under Air Forces in Panama.
On 11 February 1992 the wing again reactivated as the 24th Wing and became the senior USAF organization in Panama and replaced the previous command and division-level Air Force host units. In June 1992, it began operating the only C–21, CT–43, C–27 and special mission C–130s in Air Combat Command. The wing provided control and support to multi-service units directed by United States Southern Command and United States Southern Air Force from 1992–1999. Missions included counter-narcotics operations, aerial command and control, intratheater airlift, security assistance and defense of the Panama Canal. The wing operated both Howard Air Force Base and Albrook Air Force Station.
On 1 April 1997 the 310th Airlift Squadron was reassigned to Air Mobility Command's 21st Air Force. The 24th Wing was inactivated on 1 November 1999 with the closure of Howard AFB and its turnover to the Panamanian government.
When the wing was reactivated in June 2012 it comprised the 720th Special Tactics Group and the Special Tactics Training Squadron based at Hurlburt Field, the 724th Special Tactics Group based out of Pope Field and 16 recruiting locations across the United States. The Special Tactics Squadrons are made up of Special Tactics Officers, Combat Controllers, Combat Rescue Officers, Pararescuemen, Special Operations Weather Officers and Airmen, Air Liaison Officers, Tactical Air Control Party operators, and a number of combat support airmen which comprise 58 Air Force specialties.
Azure, a stylized square-rigged ship of three mast sails set, flag and pennants flotant sailing to sinister above an arced olive branch to dexter and an arced lightning flash to sinister conjoined in base Or, all within a diminished bordure of the like. Motto: LOS PROFESIONALES—The professionals. Approved on 16 Aug 1994; replaced emblem approved in 1968 (KE 35833).
- Established as 24th Composite Wing (Special) on 19 Nov 1942
- Activated on 25 Dec 1942
- Disestablished on 15 Jun 1944
- Reestablished as 24th Composite Wing on 5 Aug 1946
- Activated on 25 Aug 1946
- Inactivated on 28 Jul 1948
- Activated on 30 Oct 1967
- Organized on 8 Nov 1967
- Redesignated: 24th Air Commando Wing on 15 Mar 1968
- Redesignated: 24th Special Operations Wing on 15 Jul 1968
- Redesignated: 24th Special Operations Group on 30 Jun 1972
- Redesignated: 24th Composite Group on 15 Nov 1973
- Redesignated: 24th Composite Wing on 1 Jan 1976
- Inactivated on 31 Jan 1987
- Activated on 1 Jan 1989
- Inactivated on 15 Feb 1991
- Redesignated 24th Wing on 1 Feb 1992
- Activated on 11 Feb 1992
- Inactivated on 1 Nov 1999
- Redesignated 24th Special Operations Wing, 2012
- Iceland Base Command, US Army Forces, Iceland, 25 Dec 1942 – 15 Jun 1944
- Caribbean Air Command, 25 Aug 1946 – 28 Jul 1948
- United States Air Forces Southern Command, 30 Oct 1967
- United States Air Force Southern Air Division, 1 Jan 1976 – 31 Jan 1987
- 830th Air Division, 1 Jan 1989 – 15 Feb 1991
- Twelfth Air Force, 11 Feb 1992 – 1 Nov 1999
- Air Force Special Operations Command, 12 Jun 2012 – present
- 342d Composite: 25 Dec 1942 – 18 Mar 1944
- 134th Anti-Aircraft Artillery: attached 1 Nov 1943 – 15 Jun 1944
- 143d Air Commando: attached 8 Feb – 9 Mar 1969
- 130th Special Operations: attached 30 Jan – 27 Feb 1971; attached 5–14 Feb 1973
- 24th Operations: 11 Feb 1992 – 1 Nov 1999
- 720th Special Tactics Group, Hurlburt Field, FL: 12 Jun 2012 – present
- 724th Special Tactics Group, Pope Field, N.C.: 12 Jun 2012 – present
- 33d Fighter: 18 Mar – 15 Jun 1944
- 91st Reconnaissance: 12 Jan – 26 Jul 1948
- 330th Transport: 25 Aug – 15 Oct 1946
- 24th Air Transport: 15 Mar 1968 – 30 Jun 1971
- 605th Air Commando (later, 605 Special Operations): 8 Nov 1967 – 30 Apr 1972
- 24th Special Operations (later, 24th Composite; 24th Tactical Air Support): 18 Mar 1969 – 1 Jul 1975; 1 Jan 1976 – 31 Jan 1987; 1 Jan 1989 – 15 Feb 1991
- Special Tactics Training Squadron, Hurlburt Field, FL: 12 Jun 2012 – present
- Det A, Fighter Command (IBC, US Army Forces, Iceland): attached 12 Feb – 15 Jun 1944
- Det, 314 Troop Carrier Group: attached 1 Oct 1946 – 26 Jul 1948
- TAC A-7 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached 13 Nov 1972 – 30 Sep 1978
- ANG A-7 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached 1 Oct 1978 – 31 Jan 1987
- ANG A-10 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached Feb–Apr 1985
- TAC C-130 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached 8 Nov 1967 – 30 Nov 1974
- MAC C-130 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached 1 Dec 1974 – 30 Sep 1977
- AFRES and ANG C-130 Rotational Element (various detachments): attached 1 Oct 1977-c. 1 Dec 1984.
- Camp Olympia, Reykjavík, Iceland, 25 Dec 1942
- Camp Tripoli, Reykjavik, Iceland, 13 Mar – 15 Jun 1944
- Borinquen Field (later, Borinquen AAFld; Borinquen Field: Ramey AFB), Puerto Rico, 25 Aug 1946 – 28 Jul 1948
- Albrook AFB, Canal Zone, 8 Nov 1967
- Howard AFB, Canal Zone (later, Panama), 3 Jan 1968 – 31 Jan 1987; 1 Jan 1989 – 15 Feb 1991; 11 Feb 1992 – 1 Nov 1999
- Hurlburt Field, Florida, 12 Jun 2012 – present
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Mauer, Mauer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0-89201-097-5
- 24th Special Operations Wing stand-up announcement