The 302 OG consists of one C-130 Hercules squadron—the 731st Airlift Squadron, which has the Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System mission. The group's personnel take part in tactical airlift training exercises and contingency and humanitarian airlift operations, both at home and abroad.
During World War II, the units predecessor unit, the 302d Bombardment Group was a B-24 Liberator replacement training unit (RTU). Its graduates were then assigned to combat units in overseas theaters worldwide as replacement personnel. Originally a Second Air Force unit, it was reassigned to First Air Force when Second AF began B-29 Superfortress training. Inactivated in 1944 when the need for B-24 aircrews was diminished.
Reactivated in the Air Force Reserve during the Cold War, the 302d Troop Carrier Group conducted airlift training with various transport aircraft. Ordered to active service in 1951 during the Korean War, its personnel and aircraft were reassigned to combat duty with Far East Air Force units.