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- Note: Sometimes the '30s is used as shorthand for the 1930s, the 1830s, or other such decades in various centuries – see List of decades
|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||0s 10s 20s – 30s – 40s 50s 60s|
|Years:||30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 30s, ordered by year.
- The Sermon on the Mount. Jesus speaks to his disciples and a large crowd.
- April 7 (Good Friday) – Crucifixion of Jesus (suggested date, but it is also suggested that he died on April 3, 33).
- Probable beginning of pontificate of Saint Peter (in Catholic reckoning, until 64).
Arts and sciences
- Phaedrus translates Aesop's fables, and composes some of his own.
- Velleius Paterculus writes the general history of the countries known in Antiquity.
- Lucius Aelius Sejanus is named co-Consul to the Emperor Tiberius. However, Tiberius becomes aware of Sejanus' treachery and has him arrested and executed.
- April 6 (Good Friday) – Crucifixion of Jesus (according to one dating scheme).
- Naevius Sutorius Macro becomes the leader of the Praetorian Guard after Sejanus is executed.
- Tiberius returns to Rome from Capri.
- Saint Peter traditionally becomes first pope (see 30 for more likely date).
- Symbolic interpretation of the OT by Philo (Allegory).
- Crucifixion of Jesus (traditional date).
- Servius Sulpicius Galba is a Roman Consul.
- Emperor Tiberius founds a credit bank in Rome.
- A financial crisis hits Rome, due to poorly chosen fiscal policies. Land values plummet, and credit is increased. These actions lead to a lack of cash, a crisis of confidence, and much land speculation. The primary victims are senators, knights and the wealthy. Many aristocratic families are ruined.
- Although the usurpation of Wang Mang and the Chimei Rebellion are behind him, Emperor Guangwu now faces a new threat to the Han Dynasty: the Rebellion of Gongsun Shu in the Sichuan province. Gongsun's naval forces are unsuccessful against Han General Cen Peng, so Gongsun decides to fortify his position by blockading the entire Yangtze River with a large floating pontoon bridge, complete with floating fortified posts. He erects forts on both banks of the river for further missile fire and protects his barrier with a large boom. After Cen Peng is unable to break through, he constructs several "castle ships" with high ramparts and ramming vessels known as "colliding swoopers", which break through Gongsun's lines and allow Cen to quell his rebellion. Gongsun Shu is totally defeated three years later.
- Paullus Fabius Persicus and Lucius Vitellius become Roman consuls.
- Construction of a three-tier Roman aqueduct beginning in Nîmes and running for 269 miles.
- Naevius Sutorius Macro is said to gain favour in the empire by prostituting his wife Eunius to Caligula.
- St. Paul and St. Barnabas start preaching the gospel to the Gentiles.
- Roman intervention in Armenia (34–37).
- The original inhabitants of Dacia revolt against the Sarmatian tribe of Iazyges who had enslaved them.
- Pontius Pilate is recalled to Rome after putting down a Samaritan uprising.
- Lucius Vitellius defeats Artabanus III of Parthia in support of another clamaint to the throne, Tiridates III.
- Herod Antipas suffers major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabatea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Emperor Tiberius orders his governor of Syria, Vitellius, to capture or kill Aretas, but he is reluctant to support Herod and abandons his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.
- Marcellus becomes governor of Judaea and Samaria.
- Last calendar monument before a moratorium that lasts for about three centuries.
- March 18 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor.
- Caligula's attempt to have himself deified creates friction between himself and the Senate.
- April 9 – An earthquake destroys Antioch.
- Abilene is granted to Agrippa I.
- Saint Peter founds the Syrian Orthodox Church (traditional date).
- Probable year of the conversion of the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus to Christianity after a vision. After 39 he is recognised as Saint Paul.
- Probable year of the marriage of Claudius and Messalina.
- Apion heads a deputation to Caligula to complain about the Jews in Alexandria.
- Anti-Jewish riot breaks out in Alexandria during a visit by Agrippa I: the mob wants to place statues of Caligula in every synagogue.
Arts and sciences
- Tigellinus, minister and favorite of the later Roman emperor Nero, is banished for adultery with Caligula's sisters.
- Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (Caligula) and Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo become Roman consuls.
- Domitius Afer secures a consulship. Caligula ordering a floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for two miles from Baiae to the neighboring port of Puteoli.
- Agrippa I, king of Judaea, successfully accuses Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, of conspiracy against Caligula. Antipas is exiled and Agrippa receives his territory.
- Legio XV Primigenia and XXII Primigenia are levied by Caligula for the German frontier.
- Caligula's campaign into Germany is stopped by a conspiracy led by Cassius Chaerea. Even though he never even reaches Germany, Caligula proclaims himself victorious and orders a Triumph.
- Caligula orders that a statue of himself be placed in the temple in Jerusalem. The governor of Syria, Publius Petronius, who is responsible for erecting the statue, faces mass demonstrations by Jews of the region and manages to delay construction of the statue until the death of Caligula in 41.
- Philo leads a Jewish delegation to Rome to protest the anti-Jewish conditions in Alexandria.
- Guangwu, Emperor of China (25-57)
- Pharasmanes I, King of Caucasian Iberia (1-58)
- Feradach Finnfechtnach, Legendary High King of Ireland (14-36)
- Fíatach Finn, Legendary High King of Ireland (36-39)
- Fíachu Finnolach, Legendary High King of Ireland (39-56)
- Suinin, Legendary Emperor of Japan (29 BC–AD 70)
- Abgar V of Edessa, King of Osroene (4 BC–AD 7, 13–50)
- Artabanus III, King of the Parthian Empire (10-35, 36-40)
- Tiridates III, King of the Parthian Empire (35-36)
- Tiberius, Roman Emperor (14–37)
- Gaius Caesar Germanicus/Caligula, Roman Emperor (37–41)
- Claudius, statesman, Consul, and future Roman Emperor, in office (as Consul) 37
- Jesus Christ, founding figure of Christianity, (ca. 4 BC–ca. 33)
- Yuri, King of Silla (24-57)
- Bunson, Matthew (2002). Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire (2nd ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-8160-4562-4.
- Harris, W. V. (2011). Rome's Imperial Economy: Twelve Essays. Oxford University Press. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-19-959516-7.
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 18.113–126; Bruce, F. F. (1963/1965). "Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea" (PDF). Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society 5: 6–23, pp. 17–18. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Bowman, Alan K.; Champlin, Edward; Lintott, Andrew (1996). The Cambridge ancient history: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.–A.D. 69. Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-521-26430-3.
- Downey, Glanville (1961). A history of Antioch in Syria: from Seleucus to the Arab conquest. Princeton University Press. p. 190.
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 18.247–252; Bruce, F. F. (1963/1965). "Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea" (PDF). Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society 5: 6–23, p. 21. Retrieved 2007-10-21.