Army of the Republic of Macedonia
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2008)|
|Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Армија на Република Македонија
Emblem of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia
|Commander-in-Chief||President Gjorge Ivanov|
|Minister of Defense||Talat Dzaferi|
|Chief of staff||Goranco Koteski|
|532,856 males, age 16-49,
513,684 females, age 16-49
|444,247 males, age 16-49,
427,556 females, age 16-49
|Active personnel||12,858 (peacetime) 
72,858 (wartime) 
|Budget||230,000,000 $ (2010 est.)|
|Percent of GDP||2,5% (2010 est.) |
|Foreign suppliers|| Ukraine
|History||Military history of Macedonia|
|Ranks||Military ranks of Macedonia|
The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Армија на Република Македонија, Armija na Republika Makedonija) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (Армија, Armija); an air force (Воено Воздухопловство, Voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Волци, Volci).
The national defence policy aims to guarantee:
- the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic;
- the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and
- to defend the country's constitution.
Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.
NATO accession 
Military history 
Military ranks 
Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia 
The Army was heavily involved in trying to maintain order when the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) militant group attacked the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia at the beginning of January 2001. The conflict lasted throughout most of the year, although overall casualties remained limited to several dozen for either side, according to the sources from both of the sides in the conflict. The conflict was resolved by the adoption of the Ohrid Framework agreement in August 2001.
War in Afghanistan 
Macedonia has deployed 244 troops to Afghanistan as part of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. On 13 September 2011, Macedonian forces were filmed fighting alongside U.S troops as they successfully repelled a Taliban attack on the ISAF headquarters in Kabul.
The primary arm of the military in Macedonia is the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM). The ARM is commanded by the Minister of Defense through the Chief of the General Staff (CGS) of the ARM. Two Deputy CGS positions include the Deputy CGS for planning, operations and readiness, under whom operates the General Staff of the ARM, and the Deputy CGS for civil-military cooperation.
Land Force 
The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.
Army Air Wing 
The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defense Forces.
The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defense Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.
|Army of Macedonia|
Special Forces Command 
Special Forces Command controls operations of Ranger Battalion, as well as the Special Force Battalions – Wolves.
Training Command 
Training Command consists of the educational centers in RM, and is responsible for ensuring training and readiness standards, in particular for meeting NATO requirements.
Logistics Command 
Formed in 2001, the Logistics Command oversees all combat service support operations, and controls the Land Forces Logistic Base, the Military Hospital, and the Facility for Building and Maintenance.
Other commands 
Other commands under the CGS include an electronic warfare unit, the Honor Guard Unit, the Lake Service and an engineer regiment and signal regiment.
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|Logistics and Utility Vehicles|
|HMMWV||Light Utility Vehicle||56||United States||41 received as military aid from United States ; Modificated by Eurokompozit|
|Land Rover Defender||Light utility Vehicle||42||United Kingdom|
|Iveco||Medium utility truck||44||Italy|
|DAF||Medium utility truck||126||Netherlands|
|M35/44 truck||Medium utility truck||150||United States||Received as military aid from United States|
|Armoured Fighting Vehicles|
|T-72||Main Battle Tank||31||Soviet Union|
|BMP-2||Infantry fighting vehicle||11||Soviet Union|
|BTR-80||Armoured personnel carrier||12||Soviet Union||Used by Special forces|
|BTR-70||Armoured personnel carrier||60||Soviet Union|
|M113||Armoured personnel carrier||30||United States|
|ELBO Leonidas-2||Armoured personnel carrier||10||Greece|
|TM-170 "Hermelin"||Armoured personnel carrier||115||Germany||Modified by Eurokompozit Prilep |
|MT-LB||Armoured personnel carrier||11||Soviet Union|
|M2A1||Howitzer||36||United States||Received as military aid from United States|
|M-30||Howitzer||108||Soviet Union||Received as military aid from Bulgaria|
|M-63 "Plamen"||Multiple rocket launcher||12||Yugoslavia|
|BM-21 Grad||Multiple rocket launcher||12||Soviet Union|
Mortars- 700 total Type Quantity Origin In service from - to Note
60mm M57 1200
YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992 81/82mm M37 YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992 81/82mm M69 YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992 120mm M43 YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992
Air defense 
|SA-7 Grail||MANPADS||54||Soviet Union|
|SA-18 Grouse||MANPADS||10||Soviet Union|
|SA-13 Gopher||SAM||8||Soviet Union|
Anti-Aircraft guns Type Quantity Origin In service from - to Note
37mm M1939 ? 50? left by JNA, March 1992 20/1mm M75 100 100? YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992 20/3mm M55 100? YU 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992 40mm L/70 Bofors few
50? 1992 - left by JNA, March 1992
Small arms 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2009)|
|Makarov pistol||Pistol||Soviet Union|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Submachine gun||Germany|
|M4||Assault rifle||United States||Received as military aid from United States|
|Zastava M21||Assault rifle||Serbia|
|M60||Assault rifle||Yugoslavia||Yugoslavian made AK-47|
|Zastava M70||Assault rifle||Yugoslavia|
|Zastava M93||Sniper rifle||Serbia|
|G3 SG/1||Sniper rifle||Germany|
|Zastava M84||General purpose machine gun||Yugoslavia|
|NSV||Heavy machine gun||Soviet Union|
|Milan ATGM||ATGM||12||France||Received as military aid from France|
|M80 Zolja||Shoulder-launched missile weapon||Yugoslavia|
|M79 Osa||Shoulder-launched missile weapon||Yugoslavia|
|M90 Stršljen||Shoulder-launched missile weapon||600+||Serbia / Macedonia|
Retired Equipment 
- "CIA - The World Factbook -- Macedonia". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- "NationMaster - Macedonian Military statistics". NationMaster. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Basis of the National Defence Policy And Doctrine Macedonian Ministry of Defence (English)
- "MIKO: A place at the table for Macedonia". The Washington Times. 3 September 2010.
- "Armed forces of Macedonia - Armored Fighting Vehicles". vojska.net. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- "Artillery weapons of Macedonian Army". vojska.net. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- "Armed Forces of Macedonia - Air defence systems". vojska.net. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".
- Ministry of Defense official site in English
- VV i PVO ARM (Air Force and Air Defence of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia)
- U.S. Embassy Skope assessment of progress towards NATO membership, February 2006, via United States diplomatic cables leak
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