Avalon, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 40°30′4″N 80°4′7″W / 40.50111°N 80.06861°W / 40.50111; -80.06861
Avalon
Borough
GreenstoneUnitedMethodistChurch.jpg
Greenstone United Methodist Church located at 939 California Avenue
Official name: Borough of Avalon
Named for: Mythical island in legend of King Arthur
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Elevation 932 ft (284 m)
Coordinates 40°30′4″N 80°4′7″W / 40.50111°N 80.06861°W / 40.50111; -80.06861
Area 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
 - land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Population 4,705 (2010)
Density 6,721.4 / sq mi (2,595.1 / km2)
Settled c. 1800
 - Incorporated December 9, 1874
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 15202
Area code 412
School District Northgate
Location of Avalon in Allegheny County
Location of Avalon Borough in Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Website: http://www.boroughofavalon.org/

Avalon is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, along the Ohio River, 6 miles (10 km) downstream from Pittsburgh. It is a largely residential borough with a few small stores. The population was 4,705 at the 2010 census.[1]

The borough is located in the Northgate School District.

Geography[edit]

Avalon is located at 40°30′4″N 80°4′7″W / 40.50111°N 80.06861°W / 40.50111; -80.06861.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), of which 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water. Its average elevation is 932 feet (284 m) above sea level [3].

Surrounding communities[edit]

History[edit]

Avalon was incorporated as a borough on December 9, 1874, from Kilbuck Township.[4] The streetcar reached Avalon around 1900, and in later years the borough was served by Pittsburgh Railways route 14 Avalon and then route 6/14 Brighton Avalon. The service ended on Apr 30, 1966[5] when many of the West End lines were abandoned by the Port Authority of Allegheny County, in preparation for bridge replacements over the Allegheny River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 804
1900 2,130 164.9%
1910 4,317 102.7%
1920 5,277 22.2%
1930 5,940 12.6%
1940 6,155 3.6%
1950 6,463 5.0%
1960 6,859 6.1%
1970 7,010 2.2%
1980 6,240 −11.0%
1990 5,784 −7.3%
2000 5,294 −8.5%
2010 4,705 −11.1%
Est. 2012 4,695 −0.2%
Sources:[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,294 people, 2,629 households, and 1,282 families residing in the borough. The population density was 8,409.1 people per square mile (3,244.5/km²). There were 2,845 housing units at an average density of 4,519.1 per square mile (1,743.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.03% White, 24.85% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.

There were 2,629 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.2% were non-families. 45.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the borough the population was spread out with 18.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,236, and the median income for a family was $41,327. Males had a median income of $31,568 versus $24,149 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,594. About 8.4% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

804 people lived in Avalon in 1890, 2,130 people lived in Avalon in 1900; 4,317 people lived in Avalon in 1910, and 6,155 people lived in Avalon in 1940.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Avalon borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Allegheny County – 2nd Class". Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007. 
  5. ^ "Pittsburgh Railways Online – A Trolley Car Tragedy". February 18, 2002. Retrieved August 14, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". 1880 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Population-Pennsylvania". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee". Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  9. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "CORBETT, Robert James, (1905 - 1971)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 

External links[edit]