Ben Avon, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
The Arthurs-Johnson House, a historic site in the borough
|Official name: Borough of Ben Avon|
|Name origin: Scottish for
"hill by the waters"
|Elevation||928 ft (283 m)|
|Area||0.5 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- land||0.4 sq mi (1 km2)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||3,562 / sq mi (1,375.3 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Website: Ben Avon Borough|
Ben Avon is located at (40.507418, -80.082162).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2). 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (14.89%) is water.
Its average elevation is 928 feet (283 m) above sea level.
Like many early suburbs, Ben Avon was originally linked to Pittsburgh by train. One of the first homes in the area, the Arthur-Johnson House, was built at a bend in the Ohio River above the Pittsburgh and Fort Wayne Railroad, a route that was known to George Washington. The house was built by a merchant from Allegheny City looking for a summer retreat from the steel industry. To make the commute from Pittsburgh easier, a commuter railroad was built. Laurel Run station was located by the Arthur-Johnson House. The new railroad made Ben Avon and bordering Avalon a desirable place for wealthy merchants and executives to live. Ben Avon had its own newspaper, the Ben Avon Forum, which, in July 1930, wrote, "Ben Avon is the most desirable community to live in the entire Allegheny County - and if pressed, we might take an even larger territory."
In 1928, plans were underway to build the Pittsburgh and Ohio River Boulevard (currently Ohio River Boulevard, along the northern bank of the Ohio River from Pittsburgh to the mouth of the Beaver River at Rochester, Pennsylvania). Residents feared that the new road would change their community. The wide, heavily-traveled boulevard divided the community and made it difficult for pedestrians to get from one side of Ben Avon to the other. Additionally, by 1950, the train station at Laurel Run was closed.
Today, Ohio River Boulevard, outside of Ben Avon proper (there are no commercial properties along the boulevard in Ben Avon), is lined with commercial businesses, gas stations, thrift shops, and auto repair shops, but the houses and old railroad tracks from the early 20th century remain as reminders of the era when Ben Avon was a pleasant summer retreat from Pittsburgh's steel industry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,917 people, 784 households, and 512 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,805.1 people per square mile (1,850.4/km²). There were 825 housing units at an average density of 2,067.9 per square mile (796.3/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.93% White, 2.45% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.
There were 784 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the borough the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $54,926, and the median income for a family was $66,875. Males had a median income of $44,107 versus $33,393 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,408. About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Ben Avon borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011.
- "Ben Avon, Pennsylvania, PA borough profile". epodunk.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Allegheny County - 2nd Class". Retrieved 2007-08-19.
- Eric Miller. "The Suburb That Was". The New Colonist. Archived from the original on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
- "Population-Pennsylvania". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee". Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.