BMW 7 Series (E65)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from BMW E65/E66/E67/E68)
Jump to: navigation, search
BMW 7-Series E65/E66/E67/E68
2006-2008 BMW 7-Series.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 2001–2008
Assembly Dingolfing, Germany
Rayong, Thailand
Toluca, Mexico[1][2]
Kaliningrad, Russia[3]
Designer Adrian van Hooydonk (1998)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine Petrol
3.0 I6
3.6 V8
4.0 V8
4.4 V8
4.8 V8
6.0 V12
Diesel
3.0 I6
3.0 I6
3.9 V8
4.4 V8
Transmission Automatic
5-speed
6-speed
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
Length 5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002-05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002-05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006-09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006-09 E66)
Width 1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height 1,491 mm (58.7 in)
1,483 mm (58.4 in) (2006-09 LWB)
1,476 mm (58.1 in) (Alpina B7)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW E38
Successor BMW F01
BMW F02

E65 is the internal model designation for the 7 Series full-size luxury sedan produced by BMW from 2001 to 2008. Development started in early 1996 and was finalised in mid-2001. The car was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2001, and was launched in Europe on November 17, 2001. It first appeared in the USA and other markets in the spring of 2002, succeeding the replaced BMW E38. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the short-wheelbase version of the automobile, E66 of the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the bulletproof version and E68 of the hydrogen version.

The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties, so customers rushed to purchase its predecessor, the E38, before new E38s ran out of stock. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift.

It was replaced in 2008 by the F01.

Overview[edit]

The interior of the BMW E65 with iDrive

The arrival of E65 7-Series heralded a new styling era for BMW with the work of chief designer Chris Bangle, as its sheetmetal contrasted drastically with the BMW's previous conservative styling. In particular, the E65's two-level rear end styling that features separate rear fenders with a "bustle-back" boot lid was derisively known as the "Bangle Butt" by critics.[4][5] In fact, van Hooydonk's original 1998 sketch for the E65 was much more radical sleek fastback, but the final E65 profile was toned down considerably to a more conventional three-box sedan.[6] The final design was approved in 1998 and production specifications frozen in January 1999, with the German patent being filed on November 16, 2000. After controversy surrounding its exterior design following its introduction in July 2001 and throughout 2002, external updates were developed up to 2003 and introduced to the market in January 2005, going on sale that March.

Early production E65s were fraught with problems, the vast majority of which were caused by functionality issues of iDrive. BMW repurchased a substantial number of 2002 and 2003 7 series cars in the USA. Subsequent software updates have largely cured these issues. Furthermore, BMW of North America extended the factory warranty on all 2002 and 2003 model year 7 series cars sold in the USA to 6 years or 100,000 miles (160,000 km) from the original 4-year or 50,000-mile (80,000 km) coverage. The UK however was only covered by the standard 3 yr/unlimited mileage warranty on this model.[4][5]

The E65/E66 were the only BMW cars that are available with the top of the line engines; the 6.0 litre V12 petrol (N73) and 4.4 litre V8 turbodiesel (M67D44), badged as the 760i/Li and 745d/Ld, respectively.

Model lineup[edit]

The E65 front side before facelift
The E65 rear side before facelift
The E65 front side after facelift
The E65 rear side after facelift


Engines 2001-2005

Model Fuel Engine Family Engine Power Torque E65 E66 Model Year
730i Petrol BMW N52 I6 2996cc 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) 270 N·m (199 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2004
735i Petrol BMW N62 V8 3600cc 272 PS (200 kW; 268 hp) 360 N·m (266 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2003
745i Petrol BMW N62 V8 4398cc 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp) 450 N·m (332 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2005
760i Petrol BMW N73 V12 5972cc 445 PS (327 kW; 439 hp) 600 N·m (443 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2008
B7 Petrol BMW N62 V8 4398cc 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) Yes No 2003-2008
730d Diesel BMW M57 I6 2993cc 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) 500 N·m (369 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2004
740d Diesel BMW M67 V8 3901cc 262 PS (193 kW; 258 hp) 600 N·m (443 lb·ft) Yes No 2002-2004


Engines 2005-2008

Model Fuel Engine Family Engine Power Torque E65 E66 Model Year
730i Petrol BMW N52 I6 2996cc 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp) 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2005-2008
740i Petrol BMW N62 V8 4000cc 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp) 390 N·m (288 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2005-2008
750i Petrol BMW N62 V8 4799cc 367 PS (270 kW; 362 hp) 490 N·m (361 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2005-2008
760i Petrol BMW N73 V12 5972cc 445 PS (327 kW; 439 hp) 600 N·m (443 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2002-2008
B7 Petrol BMW N62 V8 4398cc 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) Yes No 2003-2008
730d Diesel BMW M57 I6 2993cc 231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) 500 N·m (369 lb·ft) Yes Yes 2005-2008
745d Diesel BMW M67 V8 4423cc 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) Yes No 2005-2006
745d Diesel BMW M67 V8 4423cc 330 PS (243 kW; 325 hp) 750 N·m (553 lb·ft) Yes No 2006-2008

Alpina B7[edit]

There is no BMW M version 7 Series, as BMW did not want it to be powered by a high-revving engine like the rest of the M lineup. However, Alpina was permitted to produce a high-performance version known as the Alpina B7, based on the short wheelbase BMW 750i. The B7 is built at the same assembly line in Dingolfing, Germany, alongside BMW's regular 7 Series.[7]

Compared to the BMW 760Li's naturally aspirated 6.0-litre V12 which was deemed too heavy to have a sporty offshoot, the B7 uses a supercharged version of the 4.4-litre V8 found in the BMW 745i/Li. The centrifugal supercharger delivers 11.6 psi (0.8 bar) of intercooled boost, and the engine has lower-compression-ratio pistons as well as a stronger crankshaft and connecting rods. The output is 500 hp (373 kW) and 516 pound-feet (700 N·m) of torque.[7]

The Alpina B7 was widely credited with being able to hold its own against top performing offerings from Mercedes (including AMG) such as the S600 and S63 AMG, Audi A8L W12 quattro and S8 5.2 FSI quattro, the Bentley Flying Spur, and Jaguar XJ Super V8, while BMW's own flagship BMW 760Li was considered uncompetitive.[8][9] Car and Driver remarked; "How's this for thrust? The B7 ties the Audi R8, which is 1,100 pounds (500 kg) lighter, at 12.8 seconds through the quarter-mile, at which point the gargantuan Alpina starts pulling away. The 551 hp (411 kW) Bentley Flying Spur can't keep up, and Audi's 450 hp (336 kW) S8 is so much slower it's hardly worth mentioning. To 60 mph (97 km/h) and through the quarter, the B7 is within 0.2 second of the 510 hp (380 kW), twin-turbo V-12 Mercedes S600. Warning to Corvette drivers: You will not be able to ditch the 68 7-series connoisseurs who are already on the loose." [7][10]

The B7 was the only Alpina car offered in the USA, aside from the Z8-based Alpina Roadster. BMW of North America, LLC offered 800 Alpina B7s as limited edition models for 2007 and 2008, all being quickly sold out.[11]

The Alpina B7 was again offered for the 2011 model year on the BMW 7 Series (F01), in short and long wheelbase models, with optional xDrive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BMW car factory in Mexico. | Russell Gordon Photography SERBIA". Russellgordon.photoshelter.com. 2002-02-20. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  2. ^ "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  3. ^ "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили BMW". Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 2010-11-04.  (Russian)
  4. ^ a b Ulrich, Lawrence (2009-03-01). "Casting Out Devils, BMW’s 7 Becomes More Heavenly". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  5. ^ a b "2009 BMW 750i Styling Review - Bye Bye Bangle Butt - Automobile Magazine". Automobilemag.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  6. ^ http://www.bmwism.com/designers/van_hooydonk_drawing_1998.jpg
  7. ^ a b c "2007 BMW Alpina B7 - Road Test - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  8. ^ "Chicago 2010: BMW Alpina B7 Sedan Making a Comeback". Nitrobahn.com. 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  9. ^ "2007 BMW ALPINA B7 Review by Cars.com Staff". Cars.com. 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  10. ^ "2012 BMW ALPINA B7 Reviews At a Glance". Autos.aol.com. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 
  11. ^ "7-series [E6x]". Alpina-Archive. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 

External links[edit]