|Elevation||135 m (443 ft)|
|• Total||113,012 |
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1.13 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Valmiki Nagar|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bagaha|
Bagaha is a city and a municipality in Pashchim Champaran district in the state of Bihar, India. It is Subdivision of Pashchim Champaran district and is Police District. It is located around 64 kilometres (40 mi) away from its district headquarters Bettiah towards north-west. It is 294 kilometers away from its state capital Patna.
Bagaha is located at. It has an average elevation of 135 metres (442 feet).
As of 2011[update] India census, Bagaha had a population of 113,012. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bagaha has an average literacy rate of 38%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 66% of the males and 34% of females literate. 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Bagaha is on the banks of the Gandak river. The area is very fertile due to its location in the terai of the Himalayas. The main crops grown here are sugarcane, wheat and rice. The place was infamous for its crime and a flourishing kidnapping industry, but, after the change of government in the state, the crime is nullified. Declaring Bagaha as Police District was one of major steps by Government in order to reduce crime. Development can been seen here. The road connecting to Patna is now National Highway 28B. Electrical supply has drastically improved with six hydroelectric plants, of which two are already working. Town has three cinema halls, one civil court, one subdivisional hospital, and government and private high schools and colleges.
Bagaha is divided into two blocks Bagaha-1 and Bagaha-2.
- Bagaha-1 includes the main market of Bagaha, i.e., Bagaha Bazaar, Sub Divisional Hospital, High School named D.M.(Devi Mangal Singh)Academy, Private Affiliated School City Montessori Public School, Chitrangada cinema hall.
- Bagaha-2 includes Bagaha Civil Court, Railway Station, Sugar mill, Kamla Talkies, Dhruv Talkies and some biggest markets such as SHRI SAI MARKET(RAMPUR).
Auto rickshaw is the main medium of public transportation between Bagaha-1 and Bagaha-2.
The town is well connected to Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Amritsar, Dehradun, Haridwar, Porbandar Gandhinagar and Varanasi with superfast trains. Some of the trains which run through Bagaha are Awadh(Bandra) Exp., Saptakranti Exp., Satyagrah Exp., Motihari-Porbandar Exp., Bapudham Exp., Amarnath Exp., Dehradoon Exp., Purvanchal Exp., Jannayak exp. etc.
Bagaha is not that well known town of Bihar. Bagaha is pleased with all the natural beauty and historical significance. The Valmikinagar Wildlife Sanctuary is about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) North of Bagaha. The forest is full of subtropical trees like sal, sagwan, bamboo, and cane. It is also full of royal Bengal tigers, black bears, pythons, leopard, and many species of deer and birds. The Department of Tourism in Bihar state is now giving special packages for this area for better tourism options. The Valmikinagar area is in Bagaha police district, and is now gaining popularity with its motels and Guest houses on the bank of Budhi Gandak with the boundary of Nepal.
About 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Bagaha Bazar (Bagaha-1) is a small hamlet called Valmikinagar, a place of strategic as well as mythological importance. It is said that this was the place where Sita stayed with her two sons when banished from Ayodhya by Lord Rama. Two temples are there with remnants of the Hawan Kund, etc. After Valmikinagar, Nepal starts and there is a large barrage on the Gandak River that is the border between the two countries. The forest area is full of old temples of religious significance. Valmikinagar forest is taken under tiger reserved project. There is an old Saligram Temple in the middle of the town it is believed that the Saligram was brought in a Chunauti and the size of the Saligram stone has enlarged in bigger size. The Temple has very large premises. Bagaha and the regions close to it are full of scenic beauty and historical significance. A village named Borwal which is situated on the bank of Triveny canal.From the side of canal we can see many picks of Himalayas.
In Bagaha 1 there are some famous and religious temples as Joda Mandir, Pakki Baulli, Radheshayam Mandir and Hanumaan Garhi. There is a church near Bagaha 1 the most famous mosque is situated in Bagaha 1 Ratanmala. Chhath Pooja is the most religious festival in Bagaha. The devotees of Chhath Pooja pay their homage and offering to God (Sun and Chhathi Maata) at the bank of Gandak river. A big fair is organized on this occasion at the river bank.
There are some government high school in Bagaha named as D.M.(Devi Mangal Singh) Academy, Project Girls High School and NBS Mills High School as well as many private schools got registered by the state government like City Montessori Public School, Sun Flower Academy, The Assembly of God, Bal Vikas Kendra, M.A.Y Public School,Oxford Public School, Don Bosco Academy and many other. There are three Colleges named BBN (Baba Bhoot Nath), Pt, Umashankar Tiwari Mahila Maha Vidyalay and Giridharan Mishra - Harishankar Pathak Mahavidyalaya (Bagaha-2).
Transportation is available to go to Valmikinagar through Valmiki Travels (Bus Service), Lav Kush Travels and some other travel companies from Bagaha 2 Bus Stand. Gorakhpur is the nearest famous town from Bagaha (Approx. 100 kilometres (62 mi) towards west), which can be easily reached through railway, as a number of trains run via Bagaha for Gorakhpur. In the way to Gorakhpur there is a famous religious place named "Madanpur Wali Mata(Maa Durga)". It is said that wishes are fulfilled there if wished with deep heart. This place is about 47 kilometres (29 mi) from Bagaha in the heart of woods. There is a historical place in NandanGarh where the Ashok pillar was found.
Bagaha is the first prominent railway station of North-Western Bihar and of Champaran District. Mahatma Gandhi had started Champaran Movement in 1917 from there. He took bath early in the morning on the well of Middle School namely D.M. Academy (now High School) alias Devi Mangal Singh Uchcha Vidyalaya. Peon of the school, i.e. father of Jieut Ram, served him all the respect and help to catch the train in very morning to start Champaran Movement. Now the well of the school has been dismantled .After this information school administration has excavated and made a beautiful monument of the well. There is a famous Kothi in Bagaha 1 where Englishmen used to live and rule over, after independence The Kothi become a destination for tourists as still there are a lot antique things. The place has been developed as a colony Kothi which is behind Bagaha Thana.
Bagaha is divided into two Block (Parakhand), Bagaha-I and Bagaha-II. mc Village Panchayats of Bagaha-I: Bansgawn Manjhariya, Bargawn,Baswariya, Bhairoganj, Bhaisahi Padar Khap, Bibi Bankatwa, Chandra Pur Ratwal, Chandraha Rupbaliya, Chautarwa Lagunaha, Hardi Nadawa, Inglisiya, Kolahua Chautarwa, kuuti, Mahipur Bhathaura, Majhauwa, Mehura, Nadda, Parsa Banchahari, Patilar, Raibari Mahuawa, Salaha Bariyarwa, Singari Pipariya, Siswa Basantpur, Tesrahiya Bathuwariya, Bairagi Sonbarsa, Bairati Bariyarwa, Bakuli Pachgawa, Balmiki Nagar, Balua Chhatraul, Belahawa Madanpur, Bharchhi, Binwaliya Bodsar, Borwal Narwal, Champapur Gonauli, Chamwaliya, Devariya Taruanwa, Dholbajwa Laxmipur, Harna Tanr, Jimari Nautanwa, Kharhat Trivawni, Laxmipur Rampurwa, Mahuawa Katharwa, Mangalpur Awsani, Naurangiya Dardri, Nayagaon Rampur, Paikwaliya Marjadpur and Santpur Sohriya
Village Panchayats of BAGAHA-II: Bairagi Sonbarsa, Bairati Bariyarwa, Bakuli Pachgawa, Balmiki Nagar, Balua Chhatraul, Belahawa Madanpur, Bharchhi, Binwaliya Bodsar, Borwal Narwal, Champapur Gonauli, Chamwaliya, Devariya Taruanwa, Dholbajwa Laxmipur, Harna Tanr, Jimari Nautanwa, Kharhat Tribhawni, Laxmipur Rampurwa, Mahuawa Katharwa, Mangalpur Awsani, Naurangiya Dardri, Nayagaon Rampur, Paikwaliya Marjadpur, Santpur Sohriya, Semara Kathkuiya and Yamunapur Tarwaliy
- Sugar factory
- kisanbhai cropcare pvt. ltd.(bagaha)
- Distillery (Under Construction)
- SHPC (State Hydro Power Corporation) (in Borwal-Narwal)
Social & Culture
As Bagaha is a developing Subdivision, the people are prompt and friendly here. A reflection of true Indian village culture can be found. Bhojpuri is the language spoken by majority of people in Bagaha. This land is fertile for Hindi and Bhojpuri literature.