|Elevation||51 m (167 ft)|
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
|Nearest city||Muzaffarpur, Motihari|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Motihari|
|Avg. summer temperature||42 °C (108 °F)|
Mehsi is a small town located in East Champaran district of Bihar state, India. Mehsi is an entry point of East Champaran when traveling from Patna, Muzaffarpur to Raxaul, connected both by railway and roadway. There are many button factories, a small scale industry, although most of the people depend upon agriculture and commerce.
Mehsi Town, is famous for zip buttons and the other source is lichi and mango fruits. Mehsi is the major producer of lichi and mango in India.
Mehsi is located 114 kilometres (71 mi) north of Patna 41.2 kilometres (26 mi) north of Muzaffarpur & 43.2 kilometres (27 mi) south of Motihari. National Highway 28 passes through Mehsi. The nearest airport is Patna Airport. The nearest village is Rampurwa-Mirzapur which is 1 km east of station. Chak Laloo is a village located near the bus stand and 1 km from the railway station. This village is the birthplace of the scholar Moulana Zahirul Haque and his elder son Haider Imam Anzar.
This town has the Budhi Gandak river flowing by its side, one branch of the Gandak river.
Mehsi is one of the 27 blocks in Purbi Champaran district. As of 2001[update] India census the total population of the Mehsi is 232,159. There are 100 villages in this block. The literacy rate is 37.53%. The female literacy rate is 34.03%. The male literacy rate is 49.91%.
Tourism and places of interest
This small community has a number of places of interest at the east side of railway station. These include :
- Mirza Halim Shah Mazar dargah ward no. 11.
- A very old library 'Nagrik Pustakalaya'.
- An old High School (Tirhut Vidyalaya) of the English period.
- Orchards of lichi and mangoe trees.
- An old inter college named "Mahatma Gandhi Inter College".
- The Birthplace of "Saheb Reza Khan".
- An old Girls High school (Land donated by Bhagwan Sah.)
- A New Building office of nagar panchayat mehsi (Land Donated by Bhagwan Sah)
- The birthplace of the great scholar Moulana Zahirul Haque. He was the first fazil (master degree)in Mehsi.
Litchipuram ( Litchi Utsav )
In Mehsi, there is now a place called Litchipuram named after the fruit. This was highlighted recently when Deputy chief minister Sushil Kumar Modi inaugurated a 3-day Litchi Utsav at a local school in Mehsi. According to the government’s own data, East Champaran has been the highest producer of litchi in recent years. Along with Mehasi, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali and Samastipur districts, Bihar produces 40 per cent of the country’s litchi crop.
Litchi is grown in over 15,000 hectares in the whole district but in Mehsi region alone litchi is grown by farmers in over 11,000 acres – thus the moniker Litchipuram. The name was given in 2003 by the then district magistrate S. Sheo Kumar who discovered that litchi production in the region is far greater than the neighboring Muzaffarpur, which hogs all the fame due to earlier association.
Mehsi is also known for litchi honey, produced in hives maintained in the orchards during the flowering season. It is indeed the rarest of rarities. Apart from boosting pride among the local farmers, the litchi festival is also hosting seminars with participants such as professors, scientists and specialists from Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, and National Horticulture Mission. As for the demand by the locals for a Litchi Research Institute, it can only be set up with the assistance of the National Council Agriculture Research, New Delhi.
The summer, April–July is extremely hot and humid (28/42 deg C,90% Max.) and winter is pleasantly cold, around 06/20 deg C. The region of the city is filled with the orchards of lichi and mango trees. The river and the orchards creates a pleasant climate around the city.
- The number of households in Mehsi is 21,746. All the households are rural and there is no urban households.
- Female to male ratio of Mehsi is 91.35% compared to the Bihar's female to male ratio 91.93%. It is unsatisfactory and the people should drive some campaign to improve this.
- The literacy rate of the block is 47% compared to the literacy rate of state 47%. The literacy rate of the block is comparable to state literacy rate. Anyhow, the rate of literacy is very low and needs immediate attention of the union and state Government.
- The female literacy rate is 24.03% compared to male literacy rate of 49.91%.
- The total working population is 44.03% of the total population. 62.15% of the men are working population . 24.28% of the women are working population.
- The main working population is 33.69% of the total population. 53.5% of the men are main working population . 12.1% of the women are main working population . While the marginal working population is 10.33% of the total population. 8.65% . of the men are marginal working population. 12.18% of the women are marginal working population.
- The total non-working population is 55.97% of the total population. 37.85% of the men are non-working population . 75.72% of the women are non-working population.