Beef bourguignon

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Beef bourguignon
Boeuf bourguignon servi avec des pâtes.jpg
Alternative names Beef Burgundy, boeuf à la Bourguignonne
Type Stew
Place of origin France
Region or state Burgundy
Main ingredients Beef, red wine (traditionally red Burgundy), beef broth, garlic, onions, bouquet garni, pearl onions, mushrooms
Cookbook:Beef bourguignon  Beef bourguignon

Beef bourguignon US /ˌbf ˌbʊərɡɨnˈjɔːn/ or bœuf bourguignon (UK /ˌbɜrf ˈbʊərɡɨnjɔːn/;[1] French pronunciation: ​[bœf buʁ.ɡi.ɲɔ̃]), also called beef Burgundy, and boeuf à la Bourguignonne,[2] is a well-known, traditional French recipe.

The dish originates from the Burgundy region (in French, Bourgogne) which is in the east of present-day France.

It is a stew prepared with beef braised in red wine, traditionally red Burgundy, and beef broth, generally flavoured with garlic, onions and a bouquet garni, with pearl onions and mushrooms added towards the end of cooking.

Traditionally, the meat was larded with lardons, but modern beef is sufficiently tender and well marbled, so this very time-consuming technique is rarely used any more. However, bacon cut into small cubes is still used to produce the initial cooking fat and added to the dish at the end.

History[edit]

Beef bourguignon is one of many examples of peasant dishes being slowly refined into haute cuisine. Most likely, the particular method of slowly simmering the beef in wine originated as a means of tenderizing cuts of meat that would have been too tough to cook any other way.[citation needed]

Over time, the dish became a standard of French cuisine. The recipe most people still follow to make an authentic beef bourguignon was first described by Auguste Escoffier. That recipe, however, has undergone subtle changes, owing to changes in cooking equipment and available food supplies. Julia Child's Mastering the Art of French Cooking describes the dish, sauté de boeuf à la Bourguignonne, as "certainly one of the most delicious beef dishes concocted by man".

Alternate spellings[edit]

  • bœuf à la bourguignonne[2]
  • bœuf bourguignon (Le Cordon Bleu Professional Cooking, Wayne Gisslen, Fifth Edition, 2003)
  • beef bourguignonne (spelling found for example in Food Lover's Companion, Sharon Tyler Herbst, Third Edition, 2001)[3]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of boeuf bourguignon". Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ a b "boeuf bourguignon: meaning and definitions". Infoplease. 
  3. ^ Bourguignonne is the French feminine adjectival form of Bourgogne, Burgundy. Beef, boeuf in French, is masculine in that language, so bourguignon, the masculine form, is correct usage. Reference, Wiktionnaire.

External links[edit]