List of Beys of Tunis

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Bey of Tunisia
Former Monarchy
Provincial/State
Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg
Flag of Bey of Tunis
Lamine Bey.jpg
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
First monarch Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
Last monarch Muhammad VIII al-Amin
Official residence Palace of Bardo
Monarchy began 15 July 1705
Monarchy ended 20 March 1956
Current pretender(s) Prince Muhammad Bey

The Beys of Tunis were the monarchs of Tunisia from 1705, when the Husainid Dynasty acceded to the throne, until 1957, when monarchy was abolished.

History[edit]

The Husainid Dynasty, originally of Cretan-Turkish origin, came to power under Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki on July 15, 1705, replacing the Muradid Dynasty. For most of their rule, the Husainids ruled with the title of Bey. The Husainids ruled under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire until May 12, 1881, when Muhammad III as-Sadiq signed the Treaty of Bardo and the Beylik of Tunis came under the control of France as a protectorate. Following independence from France on March 20, 1956, the Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin assumed the title of King and reigned as such until the Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba deposed the Husainid dynasty and declared Tunisia a republic on July 25, 1957.

Beys of Tunis (1705–1956)[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
الحسين الأول بن علي التركي
1669 – 13 March 1740
(aged 71)
15 July 1705 7 September 1735
(deposed)
Husainid Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki of Tunis
Abu l-Hasan Ali I
أبو الحسن علي الأول
(1688-06-30)30 June 1688 – 22 September 1756(1756-09-22) (aged 68) 7 September 1735 22 September 1756 Nephew of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki Husainid Abu l-Hasan Ali I of Tunis
Muhammad I ar-Rashid
محمد الأول الرشيد
1710 – 12 February 1759
(aged 49)
22 September 1756 12 February 1759 Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki Husainid Muhammad I ar-Rashid of Tunis
Ali II ibn Hussein
علي الثاني بن حسين
(1712-11-24)24 November 1712 – 26 May 1782(1782-05-26) (aged 69) 12 February 1759 26 May 1782 Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki Husainid Ali II ibn Hussein of Tunis
Hammuda ibn Ali
حمودة بن علي
(1759-12-09)9 December 1759 – 15 September 1814(1814-09-15) (aged 54) 26 May 1782 15 September 1814 Son of Ali II ibn Hussein Husainid Hammuda ibn Ali of Tunis
Uthman ibn Ali
عثمان بن علي
(1763-05-27)27 May 1763 – 20 December 1814(1814-12-20) (aged 51) 15 September 1814 20 December 1814
(murdered)
Son of Ali II ibn Hussein Husainid Uthman ibn Ali of Tunis
Mahmud ibn Muhammad
محمود بن محمد
(1757-07-10)10 July 1757 – 28 March 1824(1824-03-28) (aged 66) 20 December 1814 28 March 1824 Son of Muhammad I ar-Rashid Husainid Mahmud ibn Muhammad of Tunis
Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud
الحسين الثاني بن محمود
(1784-03-05)5 March 1784 – 20 May 1835(1835-05-20) (aged 51) 28 March 1824 20 May 1835 Son of Mahmud ibn Muhammad Husainid Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud of Tunis
Mustafa ibn Mahmud
مصطفى بن محمود
1786 – 10 October 1837
(aged 51)
20 May 1835 10 October 1837 Son of Mahmud ibn Muhammad Husainid Mustafa ibn Mahmud of Tunis
Ahmad I ibn Mustafa
أحمد الأول بن مصطفى
(1806-12-02)2 December 1806 – 30 May 1855(1855-05-30) (aged 48) 10 October 1837 30 May 1855 Son of Mustafa ibn Mahmud Husainid Ahmad I ibn Mustafa of Tunis
Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn
محمد الثاني بن الحسين
(1811-09-18)18 September 1811 – 22 September 1859(1859-09-22) (aged 48) 30 May 1855 22 September 1859 Son of Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud Husainid Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn of Tunis
Muhammad III as-Sadiq
محمد الثالث الصادق
(1813-02-07)7 February 1813 – 27 October 1882(1882-10-27) (aged 69) 22 September 1859 27 October 1882 Son of Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud Husainid Muhammad III as-Sadiq of Tunis
Ali III ibn al-Husayn
علي الثالث بن الحسين
(1817-08-14)14 August 1817 – 11 June 1902(1902-06-11) (aged 84) 28 October 1882 11 June 1902 Son of Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud Husainid Ali III ibn al-Husayn of Tunis
Muhammad IV al-Hadi
محمد الرابع الهادي
(1855-06-24)24 June 1855 – 11 May 1906(1906-05-11) (aged 50) 11 June 1902 11 May 1906 Son of Ali III ibn al-Husayn Husainid Muhammad IV al-Hadi of Tunis
Muhammad V an-Nasir
محمد الخامس الناصر
(1855-07-14)14 July 1855 – 10 July 1922(1922-07-10) (aged 66) 11 May 1906 10 July 1922 Son of Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn Husainid Muhammad V an-Nasir of Tunis
Muhammad VI al-Habib
محمد السادس الحبيب
(1858-08-13)13 August 1858 – 11 February 1929(1929-02-11) (aged 70) 10 July 1922 11 February 1929 Cousin of Muhammad V an-Nasir Husainid Muhammad VI al-Habib of Tunis
Ahmad II ibn Ali
أحمد الثاني بن علي
(1862-04-13)13 April 1862 – 19 June 1942(1942-06-19) (aged 80) 11 February 1929 19 June 1942 Son of Ali III ibn al-Husayn Husainid Ahmad II ibn Ali of Tunis
Muhammad VII al-Munsif
محمد السابع المنصف
(1881-03-04)4 March 1881 – 1 September 1948(1948-09-01) (aged 67) 19 June 1942 15 May 1943
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad V an-Nasir Husainid Muhammad VII al-Munsif of Tunis
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81) 15 May 1943 20 March 1956
(proclaimed King of Tunisia)
Son of Muhammad VI al-Habib Husainid Muhammad VIII al-Amin of Tunis

King of Tunisia (1956–1957)[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81) 20 March 1956 25 July 1957
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad VI al-Habib Husainid Muhammad VIII al-Amin of Tunis

Genealogical Trees[edit]

Genealogical chart of the descent from the Prophet of the Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Fez and Morocco, Kings of Tunis, and the Senussi dynasty, founders and heads of the Libyan Senussi order and the King of Libya are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil. For the link to the Prophet see the Alid Dynasties page:

Genealogical tree of the Idrisid and Senussi family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet. [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1980). Burke's Royal Families of the World: Africa & the Middle East. Burke's Peerage. 

External links[edit]