List of heads of state of Libya

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Head of State of Libya
Flag of Libya.svg
Incumbent
Aguila Saleh Issa
as President of the Council of Deputies

since 5 August 2014
Inaugural holder Idris I
as King of Libya
Formation 24 December 1951
Website www.gnc.gov.ly (Arabic)
Flag of Libya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

This is a list of heads of state of Libya since independence in 1951.

Heads of State of Libya (effective heads of state, 1951–Present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Reign Portrait Incumbent Notes
Kingdom of Libya
المملكة الليبية (Al-Mamlakat al-Lībiyya)
24 December 1951 to 1 September 1969 IdrisI3.jpg His Majesty King Idris I First and only King of Libya; Deposed in a coup d'état
Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Libyan Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية الليبية (Al-Jumhuriyya al-`Arabiyyah al-Lībiyya)
1 September 1969 to 2 March 1977 Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council Mil/ASU
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى (Al-Jamāhīriyya al-`Arabiyya al-Lībiyya aš-Ša'biyya al-Ištirākiyya al-`Uẓmā)
2 March 1977 to 2 March 1979 Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress Mil/n-p Renounced all public functions
2 March 1979 to 23 August 2011 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution Deposed in the Libyan civil war. Continued in rebellion until his murder on 20 October 2011
Libya
ليبيا (Lībyā)
5 March 2011 to 8 August 2012 Mustafa Abdul Jalil.jpg Mustafa Abdul al-Jalil, Chairman of the National Transitional Council n-p In rebellion to 23 August 2011
8 August 2012 to 9 August 2012 Mohammed Ali Salim, Acting President of the General National Congress n-p Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the NTC
9 August 2012 to 9 January 2013 Megariaf cropped GNC.jpg Mohammed al-Magariaf, President of the General National Congress NFP
State of Libya
دولة ليبيا (Dawlat Libya)
9 January 2013 to 28 May 2013 Megariaf cropped GNC.jpg Mohammed al-Magariaf, President of the General National Congress NFP Resigned to comply with the Political Isolation Law passed by the GNC on 14 May 2013.
28 May 2013 to 25 June 2013 Giuma Ahmed Atigha, Acting President of the General National Congress n-p
25 June 2013 to 4 August 2014 Nouri Abusahmain.jpg Nouri Abusahmain, President of the General National Congress n-p First Berber leader of Libya.
4 August 2014 to 5 August 2014 Abu Bakr Baira, Acting President of the Council of Deputies n-p
5 August 2014 to Present Aguila Saleh Issa, President of the Council of Deputies n-p

Secretaries-General of the General People's Congress (nominal heads of state of Libya, 1977–2011)[edit]

Secretary-General of the General People's Congress of the
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Former political post
Coat of arms of Libya 1977-2011.svg
Predecessor Muammar Gaddafi,
as Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
Successor Mustafa Abdul Jalil,
as Chairman of the National Transitional Council
First officeholder Muammar Gaddafi
Last officeholder Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai
Appointer General People's Congress
Office began 2 March 1977
Office ended 23 August 2011

The General People's Congress, chaired by the Secretary-General, was the primary legislature of Libya as well as the top executive authority. They had delegated most executive authority to the General People's Committee and its Secretary or Prime Minister. Beside chairing the General People's Congress, its Secretary-General was also de jure head of state of Libya.

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Affiliation Notes
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى (Al-Jamāhīriyya al-`Arabiyya al-Lībiyya aš-Ša'biyya al-Ištirākiyya al-`Uẓmā)
2 March 1977 to 2 March 1979 Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress Mil/n-p Renounced all public functions
2 March 1979 to 7 January 1981 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg Abdul Ati al-Obeidi, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
7 January 1981 to 15 February 1984 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
15 February 1984 to 7 October 1990 Mifta al-Usta Umar, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
7 October 1990 to 18 November 1992 Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
18 November 1992 to 3 March 2008 Shikh azanati.JPG Muhammad az-Zanati, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
3 March 2008 to 5 March 2009 Miftah Muhammed K'eba, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
5 March 2009 to 26 January 2010 Imbarek Shamekh, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p
26 January 2010 to 23 August 2011 Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai, Secretary-General of the General People's Congress n-p Deposed in the Libyan civil war

Affiliations[edit]

ASU Arab Socialist Union
     Nasserist, centrist, government party, only legal party 1971-1977
Mil Military
NFP National Front Party
     Centrist; successor political organization (2012–present) to the diaspora National Front for the Salvation of Libya (in exile 1981–2011)  
n-p non-partisan
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See also[edit]

References[edit]