Bharathidasan

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Bharathidasan
Born April 29, 1891
Pondicherry, French India
Died April 21, 1964
Chennai, Madras Presidency
Occupation Teacher, Tamil poet, Tamil activist
Nationality Indian
Period Pure Tamil movement
Spouse(s) Pazhani Ammal

Bharathidasan (Tamil: பாரதிதாசன்) (April 29, 1891 – April 21, 1964; also spelt Bharatidasan) was a 20th-century Tamil poet and rationalist whose literary works handled mostly socio-political issues. His writings served as a catalyst for the growth of the Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu. In addition to poetry, his views found expression in other forms such as plays, film scripts, short stories and essays. He was mentored by Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar (after whom he called himself "Bharathidasan").

Life[edit]

Bharathidasan was born to Kanagasabai Mudaliar and Lakshmi Ammal in a well-to-do merchant family of Pondicherry. His original name was Subburathinam. He underwent formal education in Tamil literature, Tamil grammar and Saiva Siddhanta Vedanta under reputed scholars. He also studied at the Collège Calvé in Pondicherry. In 1909, he was introduced to Subramaniya Bharathiyar, and his interactions with the Mahakavi had a major impact on him. He initially worked as a Tamil teacher in the French territory of Karaikal.

He actively participated in the Indian Independence Movement and through his writings,he openly opposed the British and the French Government. He was sentenced and imprisoned by the French Government for voicing views against the French Government that was ruling Pondicherry then. He was a strong supporter of Periyar and an important member of the Suyamariyadhai Iyyakam (meaning Self-Respect movement) and Dravida Movement, founded by Periyar. Biggest leader Pavalareru Perunchitthiranaar's Friend.

During the Atheist's conference in Chennai, he signed a document having the words "I am an undying atheist".

Throughout his writing career he was encouraged by political leaders such as Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi and M. G. Ramachandran. In 1955 he was elected to the Puducherry Legislative Assembly. In 1960 he failed in the election. He remained a prolific writer until he died in 1964 in a hospital in Chennai.

Literary works[edit]

Bharathidasan penned his works under different pseudonyms such as Paavendar,Puduvai Kalaimakal, Desopakari, Desabhaktan, Anantapotini, Swadesamitiran, Tamilarasu, Tupleks, Kirukkan, Kindalkaran and the name by which he known today - Bharathidasan. As he was a staunch follower of Anti-Brahmanism, many of his works were anti-Brahmin in nature. Often he talked of "Tamil Race" and "Aryan Race" as polar opposites.

His works include

  • Thamizhachi Kathi
  • Srimayilam Suppiramaniar Thuthiyamuthu
  • Sanjivi Parvathin Saaral
  • Edhirpaaraadha Mutham
  • Kaadhal Ninaivugal
  • Nalla Theerppu
  • Alagin Sirippu
  • Kudumba Vilakku
  • Pandiyan Parisu
  • Irunda Veedu
  • Tamil Illakiyam
  • Amaidhi - Oomai
  • Saumiyan
  • Kavingar Pesugiraar
  • Kadhala Kadamaiya
  • Hindi Ethurppu Paadalgal
  • Kannagi Puratchi Kaapiyam
  • Manimekalai Venpa
  • Panmanithiral
  • Tenaruvi Isai Paadalgal

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • Bharathidasan was conferred with the title of "Puratchi Kavingyar" (meaning the "Revolutionary Poet") by Periyar. He won the Golden Parrot Prize in 1946 for his play Amaithi-Oomai (Peace and Dumbness). He was given the Sahitya Academy award posthumously in 1970 for his play Pisiranthaiyar
  • In 9 October 2001, a commemorative stamp of Bharathidasan was released by the Postal Department in Chennai.[1]

Journalism[edit]

Kuyil is a one of the magazine

Commemoration[edit]

The state government of Tamil Nadu gives the Bharathidasan Award annually to a Tamil poet.[1]

A state university named Bharathidasan University was established in Tiruchirappalli.

References[edit]

External links[edit]