Vairamuthu

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Vairamuthu V
Born Vairamuthu Ramasaamy
(1953-07-13) 13 July 1953 (age 61)
Vadugapatti, Theni, Tamil Nadu, India
Pen name Kaviyarasu
Kaviperarasu
Occupation Poet, lyricist
Nationality Indian
Notable works
  • Kallikaattu Ithihaasam
  • Karuvaachi Kaaviyam
Spouse Ponmani Vairamuthu
Children Madhan Karki Vairamuthu
Kabilan Vairamuthu

Vairamuthu (Tamil: வைரமுத்து) (born Vairamuthu Ramaswamy on 13 July 1953) is an Indian Tamil poet and lyricist.

Vairamuthu began his lyricist career through the Tamil film Soolam (1980).Debuting in the film Nizhalgal (1980) with the lyrics for the song "Idhu oru Ponmalai Pozhudhu", he has now about 5800 songs to his credit as of January 2009.[1] His partnership with Academy Award Winning composer A. R. Rahman has resulted in critical praise, awards, and box office hits.

He was awarded the National Film Award six times for Best Lyricist, the most by any Indian lyricist. He is a recipient of Kalaimamani, while also winning awards from the Government of Tamil Nadu for his contribution to Tamil literature.

Vairamuthu received Padmashri in 2003 and Padmabhushan in 2014.

Early life and education[edit]

Vairamuthu was born to Ramaswamythevar and Angammal of Mettur in a middle-class family. When he was four, the village gave way to Vaigai Dam and the family moved to Vadugapatti village, community in Theni near Periyakulam.

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The ambience of the village is said to have inspired him to write poems. According to him, Tamil and Rationalist movements of the sixties stimulated his poetic zeal. The speeches of Periyar & Anna, the writings of Karunanidhi and the works of eminent poets like Bharathi, Bharathidasan and Kannadasan and the life in the countryside shaped the young poet's thinking. At the age of fourteen, he was inspired by Thiruvalluvar's Thirukkural to write a venba compilation of poetry, strictly adhering to the yappu grammar rules of Tamil poetry.

He joined Pachaiyappa's College in Chennai where he was acclaimed as the best speaker and poet. While in his second year of BA and barely nineteen years of age, Vairamuthu published his maiden anthology Vaigarai Megangal. It was prescribed for study in Women's Christian College. Thus, he achieved the distinction of a student poet whose work was taken into curriculum while he was still a student.

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His second work, Thiruththi Yezhudhiya Theerppugal, in pudhu kavidhai (free verse) form was published in 1979. He made his film debut in the succeeding year when he set lyrics for Bharathiraja's Nizhalgal.

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Notable works[edit]

On the literature front, his notable works include Innoru Desiya Geetham, Indha Pookkal Virppanai-kkalla, Sigarangalai nOkki, Villodu Vaa Nilave and many others numbering to 30. He has also introduced some foreign poets and their works to Tamil in his Ella Nadhiyilum En Odum. Some of his works are translated into Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. The trend continues as hundreds of his film lyrics are translated into Hindi.

Thanner Thesam

This work is about the 'sea odyssey'. Kalaivannan is the hero; Tamilroja is the heroine. A lot of scientific facts about the sea, water, and the universe are sown in this modern poetry(pudhukk kavidhai). The work depicts the adventure of fishermen's life at sea. "read". 

Kallikattu Idhihasam

Kallikkattu Edhihasam (the epic of Kallikkadu, in literal translation) is one of his novels. It tells the agonising tale of a marginal farmer of a riverbed region of the Theni belt in southern Tamil Nadu. Kallikattu Ithikasam" – a confluence of various emotions like sadness, sufferings and depression—crammed his mind for more than four decades. Finally, when it exploded, the natives of 'Kallikadugal' found their biographies in the book. But with a silver lining. The novel won him the Sahitya Akademi award for Best Literary Work in 2003.

Karuvachi Kaaviyam

This depicts powerfully the facets of rural life in a remote corner of our State, was serialised in a popular regional weekly, Ananda Vikatan and won accolades. Owing to its huge popularity, the series was released as a novel

Sirpiye Unnai Sedhukukiraen

A powerful book says about the good mannerism of life and personality development, self-control ,aim of life, and each and every part that makes a complete man.

Iduvarai Naan

This is an autobiography written at the age of 28.

Other languages[edit]

On 2003, His selected versions of 58 Poems were translated in English by Balan Menon and were released as a book "A drop in Search of the Ocean: Best Poems of Vairamuthu". And which was also translated into Hindi Version Bindu Sindhu Ki Oar[4]

His chosen song lyrics from various film successes, have been interpreted into Norwegian poems by Gowsegan Gowrithas (Kevin Raja Gowrithasan f.1984) The book's title was decided by Vairamuthu himself and was called Good Morning Poetry'' published in Oslo, Norway 2004. The Hindu.

Other work[edit]

He is the Tamil Nadu President of Indo-Russian Friendship Society. At the invitation of the Russian Government, Vairamuthu has visited Russia to participate in an Indian cultural event in 1987. In response to invitations of various Tamil groups, he visited the USA, United Kingdom, Canada, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and Sri Lanka.

His works have the underlying themes of humanism transcending barriers of space and race. He opened Tamil schools in Bangkok, Canada and Hong Kong promoting Tamil children living there to develop an interest in learning the language.

In 2009, his own album was released in a village in Tiruppur district. This album fully mentioned human activity and death far.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Vairamuthu holds the record of winning maximum number of National Film Award for Best Lyrics (six times). He is also a recipient of the Tamil Nadu State Film Awards. The "Tamil Development Society of Madras" conferred on him the title of Kaviyarasu in 1986. His Kaviraajan Kavidhai narrating Subramanya Bharathi's life in Pudhu Kavidhai earned him the Bharathi Literature Prize.

Year Award Work Film(s) Notes
1981 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Alaigal Oivathillai
1986 National Film Award All Songs Mudhal Mariyathai
1990 Kalaimamani Awarded by the Government of Tamil Nadu
1993 National Film Award "Chinna Chinna Aasai" Roja
1995 National Film Award "Poralae Ponnuthayi", "Uyirum Neeye" Karuththamma, Pavithra
1995 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Karuththamma
1996 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Muthu, Bombay
2000 National Film Award "Mudhal Murai Killipparthaein" Sangamam
2000 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Sangamam
2003 Padmashri India's fourth highest civilian honour
2003 National Film Award All Songs Kannathil Muthamittal
2006 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Anniyan
2008 Tamil Nadu State Film Award Periyar
2011 National Film Award "Kallikkaattil Perandha Thaayae" Thenmerku Paruvakaatru
2014 Padmabhushan India's third highest civilian honour

Partial filmography[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]