Bill Frenzel

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Bill Frenzel
--BillFrenzel.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1991
Preceded by Clark MacGregor
Succeeded by Jim Ramstad
Personal details
Born (1928-07-31) July 31, 1928 (age 86)
St. Paul, Minnesota
Nationality  United States
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Ruth Purdy (married June 9, 1951)
Children Deborah, Pamela, Melissa
2 grandchildren
Residence McLean, Virginia
Alma mater Dartmouth College (B.A. 1950, M.B.A. 1951)
Website Bill Frenzel - Brookings Institution
Military service
Service/branch United States Naval Reserve
Years of service 1951-54
Rank Lieutenant
Battles/wars Korean war
[1][2]

William Eldridge "Bill" Frenzel (born July 31, 1928) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota, representing Minnesota's Third District, which included the southern and western suburbs of Minneapolis.

Early life and career[edit]

Frenzel was educated at the Saint Paul Academy in Saint Paul, Minnesota, and earned both a B.A. (1950) and M.A. (1951) from Dartmouth College. He served as a lieutenant in the United States Naval Reserve during the Korean War from 1951 to 1954.

Frenzel served eight years in the Minnesota House of Representatives from 1962 to 1970, prior to serving in the U.S. Congress. He was president of the No. Waterway Terminals Corp. (1965–70) and of Minneapolis Terminal Warehouse Company (1966-1970). He was a member of the executive committee[clarification needed] for Hennepin County, Minnesota (1966-1967).[1]

House of Representatives[edit]

Frenzel was elected as a Republican to the 92nd, 93rd, 94th, 95th, 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, and 101st congresses, serving from January 3, 1971 to January 3, 1991, and was the ranking Republican on the House Budget Committee and a member of the influential Ways and Means Committee. He was a Congressional Representative to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in Geneva for 15 years. Frenzel became known as an expert in budget and fiscal policy, election law, trade, taxes and congressional procedures, and was a negotiator in the 1990 budget summit. During the Iran–Iraq war of the 1980s, Frenzel was a proponent of economic ties to the regime of Saddam Hussein, and opposed congressional efforts to condemn Iraqi war crimes such as the infamous Halabja chemical attack, the deadliest chemical-weapons attack in history, on the grounds that they would disrupt future trade with Iraq.[3] He also served as vice chairman of the Committee on House Administration, and vice chairman of the Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards. He did not run for re-election to the House in 1990.

Post-Congressional career[edit]

Frenzel was chairman of the Ripon Society, a Republican think-tank, from the 1990s until March 2004.[4] He has been a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, since January 1991, and was named director of the Brookings Governmental Affairs Institute on July 18, 1997.

President Bill Clinton appointed Frenzel (1993) to help sell the North American Free Trade Agreement.[5][6]

In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed him to a commission to study the Social Security system, and, in 2002, to the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations (ACTPN), which he chairs. He was interviewed on NPR's All Things Considered, on December 20, 2004, as an advocate of President Bush's plan for Social Security privatization.

He is currently chairman of the Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care, the Vice Chairman of the Eurasia Foundation, Chairman of the Japan-America Society of Washington, Chairman of the U.S. Steering Committee of the Transatlantic Policy Network, Co-Chairman of the Center for Strategic Tax Reform, Co-Chairman of the Bretton Woods Committee, Co-Chairman of the Committee For A Responsible Federal Budget, a member of the Executive Committee of the Committee on U.S.-China Relations, and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Tax and Investment Center.

He is an alternate board member of the Office of Congressional Ethics (as of 2011.)

Policy opinions[edit]

On political gridlock[edit]

Frenzel wrote in 1995:

(Checks and Balances, 8)

The historian of the Republican party, Geoffrey Kabaservice has identified Frenzel as a key moderate Republican within the post-war GOP.[7]

On the Prevention of Genocide Act[edit]

Frenzel took a public stand against the Prevention of Genocide Act of 1988,[citation needed] written by Peter W. Galbraith to impose economic sanctions against Iraq for the gassing of the Kurdish city of Halabja in northern Iraq during the Anfal Campaign of the Iran–Iraq War, in 1988. Frenzel said:

The bill passed the U.S. Senate but in the face of President Reagan's threatened veto, the House adjourned without passing the bill.[8][9]

Personal[edit]

Frenzel and his wife Ruth have three daughters. In 2000, he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, by the Emperor of Japan. In 2002, he received an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Hamline University.

In 1984 the National Coalition for Science and Technology named him a "friend of science."[10]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Clark MacGregor
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 3rd congressional district

1971–1991
Succeeded by
Jim Ramstad

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bill Frenzel" (Fee - via Fairfax County Public Library). The Complete Marquis Who's Who. Marquis Who's Who. 2010. Gale Document Number: GALE|K2013033467. Retrieved 2011-08-21.  Gale Biography In Context.
  2. ^ Frenzel, W.E. (August 2009). "Curriculum Vitae". Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. 
  3. ^ Holt, Brian (July 1998). "Military Intervention in the Kurdish Crisis (March-July 1991) [Ph.D. thesis]". King's College, University of London. p. 135. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  4. ^ McCaslin, John (September 5, 2008). "Inside the Beltway". Washington Times. 
  5. ^ Bradsher, Keith (September 3, 1993). "Clinton to Name Republican To Aid in Selling Trade Pact". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  6. ^ Ifill, Gwen (September 9, 1993). "Clinton to Delay Effort for Trade Pact". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-21. "...Bill Frenzel, the former Republican Congressman ... is now helping lead the Nafta lobbying effort for the Administration." 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "The Forgotten People: One Man's Battle to Stop Iraq". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. March 26, 2003. "Bill Frenzell, then a Congressman from Minnesota took a public stand against the Prevention of Genocide Act."  Bob McKeown interviewed Peter Galbraith.
  9. ^ Urosevich, Kerrie. "Kurdistan". In Reveron, Derek S.; Murer, Jeffrey Stevenson. Flashpoints in the war on terrorism. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0-415-95490-8. 
  10. ^ Walsh, John (1984). Document Number: GALE|A3513749 "Coalition recognizes ten Friends of Science" (Fee - via Fairfax County Public Library). Science (Gale Biography In Context) 226: 675. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 

External links[edit]