Brereton shown within Cheshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||Cheshire East|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Brereton is a civil parish, containing the hamlet of Brereton Green in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It also contains the hamlets of Brereton Heath and Smethwick Green. According to the 2001 census, the population of the entire civil parish was 1,012. Brereton is mentioned in the Domesday book as the Manor of Bretune.
The parish includes Brereton Heath Country Park, a 40-hectare park with woodland and a lake that is sited in a former sand quarry.
It also contains Brereton Hall, a Grade I listed Elizabethan house that is in private ownership and not open to the public. This used to be the family seat of the Lords Brereton, but the Lordship ended in 1722 when the fifth Baron Brereton died a bachelor.
The civil parish was created in 1936 by uniting the civil parishes of Brereton cum Smethwick and Davenport. Brereton cum Smethwick was an Ancient Parish in Northwich Hundred. Davenport began as a township in Astbury Ancient Parish (which has had no separate civic identity since 1866.) Davenport was created a separate civil parish in 1866 which existed until the merger in 1936. Both these "parent civil parishes" of Brereton had similar administrative histories: both were in Northwich Hundred, and they both later became members of Congleton Poor Law Union and Rural Sanitary District. Later still, they became part of Congleton Rural District, in which they remained until they merged.
The parish embraces the heritage of the area from the legend of Lord Brereton and the bear. William Brereton killed his valet in a temper after he was interrupted at his meal. His punishment was to be a fight with a bear, but the King gave him three days to make a muzzle to contain the bear. After three days the bear was let loose on the lord, and luckily for him, the muzzle proved to be successful. The muzzled bear became the Crest on the Brereton Coat of Arms. In 2004, the Church established a biennial Bear Festival in the Parish. Local residents and organisations create displays on the theme of 'Bears' - often with great ingenuity! There are prizes for both bear makers and for the bear hunters. The Festival takes place in odd-numbered years during July and August. Many bear-themed events are held over the period to raise money for St Oswald's Church and local organizations
- Official 2001 Census Figures. Neighbourhood Statistics website, Retrieval Date: 23 August 2007.
- Brereton Hall Information. Alsager and Area Online Guide. Retrieval Date: 23 August 2007.
- Natural England - Brereton Heath
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). pages 6 - 7.
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). page 17.
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). pages 10, 17.
- Youngs, F. A. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. Volume I: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
Media related to Brereton, Cheshire at Wikimedia Commons