Brougham (car body)

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1905 Hedag Electric Brougham, similar in style to a brougham carriage
1915 Detroit Electric Brougham

As a car body style, a brougham was initially a vehicle similar to a limousine but with an outside seat in front for the chauffeur and an enclosed cabin behind for the passengers.[1] This use of the term derives from the light, fashionable brougham carriage of the nineteenth century. During the first two decades of the twentieth century, the term was also applied to a two-door closed vehicle similar to a coupé, especially one electrically driven.[2][3]

Cadillac first used the name on their Cadillac Brougham, a large, fully closed car, in 1916.

Use of the term "Brougham" as a model name[edit]

The name "Brougham" has since been used as a model name by Cadillac, Daewoo, and Holden, and as a trim package on sedan models by most US car manufacturing divisions of General Motors, Ford Motor Company, and the Chrysler Corporation during the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s. As a trim package, the name is used to denote the more comfortably appointed versions of a given model.

Examples include:

See also[edit]

  • Town car – a similar body style with an open driver's area and an enclosed passenger compartment
  • Landaulet – the opposite, with a covered driver's area and a convertible passenger compartment


  1. ^ "What's What in Automobile Bodies Officially Determined" (pdf). The New York Times (New York, NY USA). Nomenclature Division, Society of Automobile Engineers. August 20, 1916. ISSN 0362-4331. OCLC 1645522. Retrieved 2012-05-31. "Here it is, with other body types and distinctions, officially determined recently by the Nomenclature Division of the Society of Automobile Engineers:" 
  2. ^ Gove, Philip Babcock, ed. (1966). Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged A–K. Springfield, Mass. USA: G & C Merriam. p. 284. ISBN 0-7135-1037-4. 
  3. ^ "What's What In Automobile Bodies Officially Determined". The New York Times. August 20, 1916.