Burnham Market

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Burnham Market
Burnham Market is located in Norfolk
Burnham Market
Burnham Market
 Burnham Market shown within Norfolk
Area  18.43 km2 (7.12 sq mi)
Population 948 
   – density  51/km2 (130/sq mi)
OS grid reference TF834422
Civil parish Burnham Market
District King's Lynn and West Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KING'S LYNN
Postcode district PE31
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°56′45″N 0°43′41″E / 52.94584°N 0.72815°E / 52.94584; 0.72815

Signpost in Burnham Market
The village green
The Hoste Arms

Burnham Market is a village and civil parish near the north coast of Norfolk, England. Burnham Market is one of the Burnhams, a group of adjacent villages in North Norfolk. It is the result of the merger of three of the original Burnham villages, namely Burnham Sutton, Burnham Ulph and Burnham Westgate.

Burnham Market lies approximately 1 mile (2 km) inland, some 5 miles (8 km) west of Wells-next-the-Sea, 12 miles (19 km) east of Hunstanton and 10 miles (16 km) north of Fakenham. The smaller villages of Burnham Deepdale and Burnham Norton are within 2 miles (3 km) to the west and north of Burnham Market, whilst Burnham Overy and Burnham Thorpe are a similar distance to the east. North Creake is some 4 miles (6 km) to the south. The larger town of King's Lynn is 20 miles (30 km) to the south-west, whilst the city of Norwich is 30 miles (50 km) to the south-east.[1]

The civil parish has an area of 18.43 km2 and in the 2001 census had a population of 948 in 496 households. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk.[2]

Burnham Market is close to the mouth of the River Burn and the name Burnham probably derives from this. However another theory is that the town was a centre for the amber trade. As the name implies, historically Burnham had a market and was therefore considered a town, however that market was discontinued several years before 1854.[3] Today Burnham Market is more normally considered a village, albeit one slightly larger and considerably busier than its immediate neighbours.

A map of Burnham from 1946

In recent times Burnham Market has attracted a significant number of second-home owners, mostly affluent residents of London, and in consequence acquired a somewhat metropolitan atmosphere. Long term local residents often refer to the village as Chelsea-on-sea, after the up-market London district of Chelsea. One of the factors driving this movement is the presence of the up-market pub and restaurant, the Hoste Arms, named after Captain William Hoste or his family.

The village was served by a railway until 1952, connected to the east with Wells-next-the-Sea and Holkham, and to the west with Hunstanton.

Burnham Westgate Hall[edit]

Burnham Westgate Hall is a Grade II* listed Georgian country house, built 1783-1785 by Sir John Soane, for Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford. [4] It was a remodelling of the original Polstede Hall, was built in the 1750s by Matthew Brettingham for Pitt’s father-in-law Pinckney Wilkinson, MP for Old Sarum. In 1783, Wilkinson gave the house to his daughter, Anne, on her marriage to Pitt.

In 1808, the Hall was purchased by Sir Mordaunt Martin.

In 1933, the house was passed to the Royal British Legion. After World War II, it was used as an elderly persons home until 1990. Most recently it has been the home of Baroness Rawlings. [5]

Religious sites[edit]

The village has two Anglican parish churches and that of St Margaret's, formerly Burnham Norton, is on the northern outskirts which was incorporated with St Mary's, formerly Westgate, to form the new parish of Burnham Market in 2012. The largest is St. Mary's at the west end of Burnham Market Green, while All Saints' Church at the eastern end of the town is known as Sutton-cum-Ulph because it incorporated the parish and some of the stone of St. Ethelbert's at Burnham Sutton, some four hundred yards to the south, when Horatio Nelson's father Edmund was rector of both churches in the 1760s and 1770s. These two parishes, with the parishes of Burnham Overy and Burnham Thorpe (birthplace of Nelson), form the single benefice, the Burnhams Benefice.[6]

There are three other places of worship in the village: the Roman Catholic church, St Henry Walpole, a Methodist church and a Gospel Hall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (2002). OS Explorer Map 251 - Norfolk Coast Central. ISBN 0-319-21887-2.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved October 18, 2005.
  3. ^ Francis White (1854). Francis White's History, Gazetteer and Directory of Norfolk - Burnham Westgate (or Burnham Market). Retrieved October 18, 2005.
  4. ^ "Burnham Westgate Hall". 
  5. ^ Churchill, Penny (2011), An exceptional country estate in Norfolk 
  6. ^ Burnhams Benefice Parish. Churches and Church Locations. Retrieved March 07, 2012

External links[edit]