|Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines|
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Bustos
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Arnel F. Mendoza (Liberal)|
|• Total||69.99 km2 (27.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd Class; partially Urban|
Bustos was once a part of its neighboring town, Baliuag during the Spanish and American colonial period. The town was separated from Baliuag by a tragic incident when around year 1860, a group of natives from Bustos with babies in their arms were on their way to St. Augustine Parish in Baliuag for baptismal when they accidentally drowned and perished when the raft they were riding capsized while crossing the wild river of Angat due to the strong water current. This fateful event led the people of Bustos to request and build their own parish church and decided to chose the Holy Child Jesus (Sto. Niño) as their patron saint in honor of those infants that died in the river.
Bustos also gained its independence from Baliuag in April 29, 1867 through the painstaking efforts and sacrifices of its inhabitants with the integration of barrios Bonga Mayor and Bonga Menor. The town got its name from Don Pedro José de Busto[s], an Austrian mining engineer and right-hand of Simon de Anda y Salazar who was appointed tenyente heneral alkalde of Bulacan and an aide of a Spanish Governor General of the Philippines during the late 1700s. But the town became a part of Baliuag again during the American period. Bustos became also a part of the historical World War 2 in the Philippines and it served as the headquarters of soldiers in the province of Bulacan during the war in 1945. Bustos was again separated from Baliuag and became a distinct municipality on January 1, 1916 during the Philippine Assembly through 4th Philippine Legislature Assemblyman Ricardo Lloret Gonzalez. After a year when the town became a distinct municipality, the town inaugurated its Municipal Hall on January 1, 1917.
Lyrics by Mayor Arnel Mendoza Music by Mike Santos Arrangement by Armando Salinas Sung by the Euphonistas of Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus
Mula sa agos ng karilagan, Sumibol ang tanging bayan. Binhi ng araw at kalangitan, Paraisong aming tahanan.
Lupain ng kasaganahan, Karikta'y ningning ng 'yong parang. Himig ng uhay sa kapatagan, Dakilain ang 'yong ngalan!
Bustos, Bayang Dakila. Bustos, hinirang ka! Bustos, supling ng umaga. Bustos, dakila ka!
Limbag sa dahon ng kasaysayan, Laksang bayaning naghandog, Sa alta ng giting ay tumindig, Sa bayang sawi nagtanggol.
Magkaisang bisig na hahakbang Sa l'walhating mithi ng bayan. Hindi mapapawi magpakailanman, Bantayog ng 'yong pangalan!
Bustos, Bayang Dakila. Bustos, hinirang ka! Bustos, supling ng umaga. Bustos, dakila ka!
- Bonga Mayor
- Bonga Menor
- San Pedro
|Population census of Bustos|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The Bustos Commercial Center in the town proper is still expanding with the influx of more business investors willing to venture in this small but flourishing town. In the present, the town has its one public and few small private markets and businesses, 7 Eleven branch, All Day Convenient Store, and the Nesabel Wholesale & Retail Warehouse in Brgy. Poblacion, one mini public market located in Brgy. Liciada, & the Tibagan Coop-Mart in Brgy. Tibagan.
Also, the town was selling their favorite finger food "Minasa", which was also a pride of Bustos. Minasa refers to "Cassava Cookies", cookies made from cassava flour, egg yolk, yeast, butter, and coco milk. It is somehow compared to the Uraro, another local delicacy. It is one of the famous treats from the province of Bulacan. It was also a good product of the province which is traded locally and internationally for pasalubong treats. There are stalls all around Bustos selling this very delicious local delicacy making the municipality hailed as the "Home of Minasa Cookies".
Othe products, industries, & services:
- Rice & other agricultural products
- Poultry and swine raising & other dairy products
- Bag making and handicrafts
- Bakeries like Pan de Bustos
- Pastry making like Herschel Candies
- Food processing and retail selling
- Garments and embroidery like The Orchids
- Furniture making
- Fishpond raising
- Recreational facilities and services
- Souvenir items
- Resorts and hotels
- MINASA FESTIVAL
Bustos is famous for its month of January Minasa Festival showcasing the town locally made food products like the irresistable delicacies Minasa cookie and the dry-like wafer crispy Barquillos. The Minasa Festival event is a televised week-long festivity of street dancing parade in colorful costumes and also features a row of makeshift stalls selling local food and merchandise inside the municipal compound; live band concerts of well-known performers, photo contest and exhibits; traditional Filipino games as well as singing and dance competitions among every barangay and school of the town; and is a famous tourist-attracting event in the province. It started in the year 2011 and celebrated annually with the participation of Bustosenyos and tourists not only from the province of Bulacan but nationwide and all around the world. It also became a headline in a broadsheet of The Philippine Star in 2014 on its 4th year of celebration in the theme "Mas Pinasayang Minasa Festival" through its Chief Photogtapher Val Rodriguez. The Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church also hold its lively Tugyaw street dancing and the "Bata-Bata" festival (where children are dressed like the image of Sto. Niño) every year in honor of the Holy Child Jesus.
- LENTEN SEASON/HOLY WEEK
The annual Holy Week Lenten observance is another one on the list. Although observed nationwide and in contrast with the revelry and grandiose of a regular merrymaking festival, Bustos' Semana Santa is celebrated plain and simple especially the procession of saints is still a spectacular scene to watch—the long line evening parade of scintillating series of life-sized biblical images atop a moving elaborate floats depicting the life and death of Jesus Christ; the popular among the kids is the Bustos Theater Guild's Cenaculo stage drama and hundreds of bloody back whipping and cross-carrying penitents around each village done traditionally called Penitensiya or penitence both showing sacrifices of Jesus Christ.
- MARIAN PROCESSIONS & THANKSGIVINGS
Not to be missed also is the Grand Marian procession held every year in Brgy. San Pedro in honor of the feast of the Virgin of Lourdes and the yearly traditional Santacruzan and the thanksgiving feast celebrations (after a bountiful rice harvest) in almost every barangay. The feast of St. Peter the Apostle, also in brgy. San Pedro has already started its first "Manok-Manok" festival in reference about the rooster that crowed three times when Peter denied Jesus Christ.
Church and Chapels
Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church. - located in Brgy. Poblacion
List of covered chapels of the Parish Church of Sto. Niño de Bustos:
- Sta. Monica and San Agustin Chapel - located between Brgy. Bonga Mayor and Brgy. Tibagan
- Sto. Rosario Chapel - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor
- Chapel of the Holy Cross - located in Brgy. Tanawan
- St. Joseph Chapel - located in Brgy. Cambaog
- Immaculate Conception Chapel - located in Brgy. Malamig
- Chapel of the Holy Cross - located in Brgy. Talampas
- St. Peter Chapel - located in Brgy. San Pedro
- Our Lady of Perpetual Help Chapel - located in Pitong Gatang, Brgy. Poblacion
Landmarks and Attractions
Tourism was one of the sources of income of the municipality of Bustos. Famous tourist attractions are as follows:
- Bustos Dam and Park - the longest rubber dam in Asia and second in the world; long time favorite place for school activities, picnics, reunions, civic gatherings etc.; Renovated with the partnership of the government of Japan from 1918 to 1922; located 5 km upstream from Bustos. One of the longest sector dams in the world, it is an after-bay reservoir of the Angat Hydroelectric Power Plant at Brgy. Hilltop. Within the grounds of the dam is the Conrado Mercado Monument.
- Mercado Ancestral House & other stone houses - famous for its intricate stone carving created way back in the Spanish times. Ancestral houses, mostly located at Brgy. Bonga Menor, have the distinctive Bustos look: stone pilasters and columns extending up to the ceiling with wood kept to a minimum in the second storey. Located near one another on the road leading to Angat, they include the Cunanan Ancestral Home, the Lopez Ancestral Home, the Perez Ancestral Home and the Mercado Ancestral Home. The last mentioned, the most impressive and best preserved, was built in the mid-1800s and has Baroque-style carved stone corner pilasters, carved stone garland and crucifix motifs in the entrance, chrysanthemum designs, decorative reliefs, molave planks with narra sidings, capiz windows, moveable panels, graceful grilles. peep holes for rifles to aim at tulisanes and a period oil lamp. A sculptured garden is dedicated to the Modernist Conrado Mercado.
- Letras y Figuras de Bustos - a stone carving of the municipal's name, "Bustos" in all caps, inspired by the intricate design of the Mercado Stone House and the people of Bustos' most favorite finger food, Minasa; located inside the Bustos Heritage Park infront of the Bustos Municipal Building.
- General Alejo Santos Bridge - bridge connecting the towns of Bustos and Baliuag crossing the Angat River.
- Villa Florencia - a popular destination of filmmakers and photographers alike.
- Bulacan Military Area Monument - dedicated for the lost & survived soldiers & veterans of the World War 2, recognized by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines; main area for Minasa Festival activities.
- Pablito V. Mendoza, Sr. Gymnasium - the first municipality-owned indoor gym in Bulacan.
- Torch of Freedom Monument
- St. Martin de Porres Orphanage - has its Batanes Ivatan style-like village.
- Alejo Santos Memorial Museum - built in honor of General Alejo Santos.
- Malamig Park Resort - resort located in Brgy. Malamig; tourist spot during summer season.
- Bustos Heritage Park, Library, and Museum & Paraiso ng mga Bata - favorite place for culminating activities; children's playground and past time area for people of Bustos.
- Brgy. Bonga Menor Ancestral Houses - a row of Spanish-designed adobe old houses; The mini Vigan, Ilocos Sur of Bustos.
- Galilee Mansion Garden Resort and Hotel - a Bible-inspired theme resort; First of its kind in the country.
- Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church - built in memory of those babies who died in the tragic accident in the wild river of Angat and used as a separate parish from the Baliuag. The present stone church under the aegis of the Holy Child can be attributed to Fr. Gabriel Alvares, OSA who replaced the makeshift church and convent in 1872. Both the church and convent were destroyed by revolutionaries in 1898. As of the writing of this article, the church has been largely renovated and all that remains of the previous church are the old stone walls at the side and back. It has been rebuilt in a sort of Gothic style. A bell cast by Hilario Sunico in 1877 and is locally referred to as Batingaw ng Bustos is displayed at the church patio.
- Daily Bread Retreat House & Resort - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor; a great vacation & retreat house because of its nature-friendly environment.
- Bahay Resiklo - an environment-friendly house that is filled with reused and recycled stuffs with its new purpose; model of the town not only as environment-friendly place but also as economic-friendly place to go.
The Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus (BulSU-Bustos) is one of the largest satellite campuses of the university. It was established in 1976. In the past twenty five years, BulSU-Bustos has evolved from its focus on two year vocational and technical courses to its current emphasis on preparing students for careers in education and industrial technology. The curriculum also includes introductory classes in engineering for those students planning to transfer to the main campus. In keeping with the university's vision and mission, BulSU has become one of the higher education institutions in Bulacan on a par with leading learning institutions in the region.
From the year it was founded, the campus grew physically from sharing a roof with the Bustos Elementary school to a five-room former public market building to the imposing campus of today. The school grew as well from offering vocational and technical courses and trade secondary school curriculum and two-year technical education courses, to the four-year and five-year degree programs that it now offers. The campus boasts of its upgraded and revitalized curriculum.
List of high schools:
- Alexis G. Santos National High School - located in Brgy. Liciada. (Public High School)
- Cambaog National High School - located in Brgy. Cambaog. (Public High School)
- Colegio de Sto. Niño de Bustos - located in Brgy. Poblacion. (Private Elementary & High School)
- Holy Child Academy - located in Brgy. Poblacion; The oldest secondary school in Bustos. (Private Elementary & High School)
- Mary and Jesus School - located in Brgy. Tanawan. (Private Elementary & High School)
- Notre Christi Academy of the Philippines - located in Brgy. Poblacion. (Private Elementary & High School)
- Pablito V. Mendoza Sr. High School - located in Brgy. Malamig. (Public High School)
- Shekinah Christian Academy of Bulacan - located in Brgy. Malamig. (Private Elementary & High School)
- Tibagan National High School - located in Brgy. Tibagan. (Public High School)
List of elementary schools:
- Bustos Central Elementary School - located in Brgy. Poblacion. (Public Elementary School)
- Bonga Mayor Elementary School - located in Brgy. Bonga Mayor. (Public Elementary School)
- Bonga Menor Elementary School - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor. (Public Elementary School)
- Camachilihan Elementary School - located in Brgy. Camachilihan. (Public Elementary School)
- Cambaog Elementary School - located in Brgy. Cambaog. (Public Elementary School)
- Catacte Elementary School - located in Brgy. Catacte. (Public Elementary School)
- Liciada Elementary School - located in Brgy. Liciada. (Public Elementary School)
- Malamig Elementary School - located in Brgy. Malamig. (Public Elementary School)
- Dr. Ramirez Elementary School - located in Brgy. Malawak. (Public Elementary School)
- San Pedro Elementary School - located in Brgy. San Pedro. (Public Elementary School)
- Simplicio S. Del Rosario (SSDR) Elementary School - located in Brgy. Talampas. (Public Elementary School)
- Tibagan Elementary School - located in Brgy. Tibagan. (Public Elementary School)
- Alejo Santos - popularly known as "Manong"; a World War 2 hero; former Secretary of National Defense; former Military Governor of Bulacan province; also ran in the Philippine Presidential Elections before but lost to former President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
- Katy de la Cruz - also known as "Mommy Kate"; "Queen of Philippine Vaudeville", "Queen of Filipino Jazz" and awarded as FAMAS Best Supporting Actress.
- Luzviminda Tancangco - also known as "Baby"; former COMELEC commissioner.
- Bishops Paulino, Nepomuceno, and Lopez - The "Tres Obispos" (3 Bishops) of Bustos. The first and only small town in the whole archipelago ever to produce 3 Catholic Clergy Bishops at the same time.
- Conrado Mercado - locally known as "Mr. Irrigation"; Former National Irrigation Administration (NIA) Assistant Administrator; Original owner of the Mercado Ancestral House in Brgy. Bonga Menor; the government created a statue for him to serve as a memorabilia for him and his contributions in the field of arts not just in the town but also in the country.
- Minister Jesus Hipolito - former Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Minister.
- Commodore Ruiz - former Flag Officer of the Philippine Navy.
- Kapitan Bindoy - led the opposition against the Spanish colonizers who wanted to pursue the Juez de Cuchillo in 1897 and their opposition won.
- Maestrong Sebio - led the group of soldiers and civilians when Infanterias de Guardias Civiles are attacked by the Spanish colonizers in 1897.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Galende, OSA, Pedro (1996). Angels in Stone: Architecture of Augustinian Churches in the Philippines (2nd ed.). Intramuros, Manila: San Agustin Museum. p. 107. ISBN 9719157100.
- "Biyahero: Philippine Travel Portal - Bustos". www.biyahero.net. Retrieved August 2014.
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