Bustos, Bulacan

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Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines
Municipality
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Flag of Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines
Flag
Official seal of Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines
Seal
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Bustos
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Bustos
Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines is located in Philippines
Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines
Bustos, Bulacan, Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°57′N 120°55′E / 14.950°N 120.917°E / 14.950; 120.917Coordinates: 14°57′N 120°55′E / 14.950°N 120.917°E / 14.950; 120.917
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 2nd District
Founded 1867
Barangays 14
Government[1]
 • Mayor Arnel F. Mendoza (NUP)
Area[2]
 • Total 67.203 km2 (25.947 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 62,415
 • Density 930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demonym Bustosenyo
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3007
Dialing code 44
Income class 2nd Class; partially Urban

Bustos is a second class partially urban municipality in the province of Bulacan,  Philippines . According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 62,415 inhabitants.[3]

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the town is now part of Metropolitan Manila's conurbation, stretching San Ildefonso.

Brief History[edit]

Bustos was once a part of its neighboring town, Baliuag during the Spanish and American colonial period. The town was separated from Baliuag by a tragic incident when around year 1860's, a rainy Sunday, a group of natives from Bustos with babies in their arms were on their way to St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag for baptismal when they accidentally drowned and perished when the raft or planceta they were riding capsized while crossing the wild river of Angat due to the strong water current. This fateful event led the people of Bustos to request and build their own parish church and decided to choose the Holy Child Jesus (Sto. Niño) as their patron saint in honor of those infants that died in the river.

Bustos also gained its independence from Baliuag in April 29, 1867 through the painstaking efforts and sacrifices of its inhabitants with the integration of barrios Bonga Mayor and Bonga Menor. The town got its name from Don Pedro José de Busto[s], an Austrian mining engineer and right-hand of Simon de Anda y Salazar who was appointed tenyente heneral alkalde of Bulacan and an aide of a Spanish Governor General of the Philippines during the late 1700s. But the town became a part of Baliuag again during the American period. Bustos became also a part of the historical World War 2 in the Philippines and it served as the headquarters of soldiers in the province of Bulacan during the war in 1945. Bustos was again separated from Baliuag and became a distinct municipality on January 1, 1916 during the Philippine Assembly through 4th Philippine Legislature Assemblyman Ricardo Lloret Gonzalez. After a year when the town became a distinct municipality, the town inaugurated its Municipal Hall on January 1, 1917. Leon Prado became its first local leader that served 1917-1919. Padre Gabriel Alvarez served as the first parish priest of the institutionalized Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church.

Hymn[edit]

Lyrics by Mayor Arnel Mendoza
Music by Mike Santos
Arrangement by Armando Salinas
Sung by the "Euphonistas" of Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus
Mula sa agos ng karilagan,
Sumibol ang tanging bayan.
Binhi ng araw at kalangitan,
Paraisong aming tahanan.
Lupain ng kasaganahan,
Karikta'y ningning ng 'yong parang.
Himig ng uhay sa kapatagan,
Dakilain ang 'yong ngalan!
Chorus:
Bustos, Bayang Dakila.
Bustos, hinirang ka!
Bustos, supling ng umaga.
Bustos, dakila ka!
Limbag sa dahon ng kasaysayan,
Laksang bayaning naghandog,
Sa alta ng giting ay tumindig,
Sa bayang sawi nagtanggol.
Magkaisang bisig na hahakbang
Sa l'walhating mithi ng bayan.
Hindi mapapawi magpakailanman,
Bantayog ng 'yong pangalan!
Chorus:
Bustos, Bayang Dakila.
Bustos, hinirang ka!
Bustos, supling ng umaga.
Bustos, dakila ka!

Local Officials[edit]

Based on the 2013 Philippine Local and National Elections, the following local officials are elected and inaugurated:

MAYOR: Arnel F. Mendoza (NUP)

VICE MAYOR: Leonida "Loida" L. Rivera (LP)

MEMBERS OF THE SANGGUNIANG BAYAN:

  • Aprille Keith M. Lazaro (NUP)
  • Wilfredo "Willy" C. Cruz (LP)
  • Orlando "Orly" L. De Guzman (NUP)
  • Felicisimo "Bunso" D.R. Ramos (LP)
  • Rodrigo "Ading" M. Santos (LP)
  • Antonio "Tommy" L. Punongbayan (NUP)
  • Leo T. Santos (NUP)
  • Willie S. Leoncio (NUP)

BARANGAY CHAIRMEN:

  • Brgy. Bonga Mayor: Rodolfo "Boy" G. Nepomuceno
  • Brgy. Bonga Menor: Soliman "Sol" C. Santos
  • Brgy. Buisan: Emilio M. Dela Cruz
  • Brgy. Camachilihan: Lercita G. Cristobal
  • Brgy. Cambaog: Armando L. Lalu
  • Brgy. Catacte: Ponciano D.R. Concepcion
  • Brgy. Liciada: Martin S.J. Angeles
  • Brgy. Malamig: Virgilio S. Paglinawan
  • Brgy. Malawak: Virgilio R. Suarez
  • Brgy. Poblacion: Edwin N. De Guzman
  • Brgy. San Pedro: Enrique "Ricky" G. De Leon
  • Brgy. Talampas: Armando A. Ortega
  • Brgy. Tanawan: Francis Albert "Iskul" G. Juan
  • Brgy. Tibagan: Antonio "Tony" S. De Guzman

Barangays[edit]

Bustos is politically subdivided into the following fourteen barangays (six urban, eight rural).[2]

  • Bonga Mayor
  • Bonga Menor
  • Buisan
  • Camachilihan
  • Cambaog
  • Catacte
  • Liciada
  • Malamig
  • Malawak
  • Poblacion
  • San Pedro
  • Talampas
  • Tanawan
  • Tibagan

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bustos
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 34,965 —    
1995 41,372 +3.20%
2000 47,091 +2.81%
2007 60,681 +3.56%
2010 62,415 +1.03%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Bustos Wet and Dry Public Market

The Bustos Commercial Center in the town proper is still expanding with the influx of more business investors willing to venture in this small but flourishing town. In the present, the town has its one public and few small private markets and businesses, 7 Eleven branch, All Day Convenient Store, and the Nesabel Wholesale & Retail Warehouse in Brgy. Poblacion, one mini public market located in Brgy. Liciada, & the Tibagan Coop-Mart in Brgy. Tibagan.

Also, the town was selling their favorite finger food "Minasa", which was also a pride of Bustos. Minasa refers to "Cassava Cookies", cookies made from cassava flour, egg yolk, yeast, butter, and coco milk. It is somehow compared to the Uraro, another local delicacy. It is one of the famous treats from the province of Bulacan. It was also a good product of the province which is traded locally and internationally for pasalubong treats. There are stalls all around Bustos selling this very delicious local delicacy making the municipality hailed as the "Home of Minasa Cookies".

Other products, industries, & services:

  • Rice & other agricultural products
  • Poultry and swine raising & other dairy products
  • Bag making and handicrafts
  • Bakeries like Pan de Bustos
  • Pastry making like Herschel Candies
  • Food processing and retail selling
  • Garments and embroidery like The Orchids
  • Metal-crafting
  • Furniture making
  • Fishpond raising
  • Recreational facilities and services
  • Souvenir items
  • Resorts and hotels like Galilee Wonderland Resort

Sister Cities:

Festivals[edit]

  • MINASA FESTIVAL

Bustos is famous for its month of January Minasa Festival showcasing the town locally made food products like the irresistible delicacies Minasa cookie and the dry-like wafer crispy Barquillos. The Minasa Festival event is a televised week-long festivity of street dancing parade in colorful costumes and also features a row of makeshift stalls selling local food and merchandise inside the municipal compound; live band concerts of well-known performers, photo contest and exhibits; traditional Filipino games as well as singing and dance competitions among every barangay and school of the town; and is a famous tourist-attracting event in the province. It started in the year 2011 and celebrated annually with the participation of Bustosenyos and tourists not only from the province of Bulacan but nationwide and all around the world. It also became a headline in a broadsheet of The Philippine Star in 2014 on its 4th year of celebration in the theme "Mas Pinasayang Minasa Festival" through its Chief Photographer Valentino Rodriguez. The Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church also hold its lively Tugyaw street dancing and the "Bata-Bata" festival (where children are dressed like the image of Sto. Niño) every year in honor of the Holy Child Jesus.

  • LENTEN SEASON/HOLY WEEK

The annual Holy Week Lenten observance is another one on the list. Although observed nationwide and in contrast with the revelry and grandiose of a regular merrymaking festival, Bustos' Semana Santa is celebrated plain and simple especially the procession of saints is still a spectacular scene to watch—the long line evening parade of scintillating series of life-sized biblical images atop a moving elaborate floats depicting the life and death of Jesus Christ; the popular among the kids is the Bustos Theater Guild's Cenaculo stage drama and hundreds of bloody back whipping and cross-carrying penitents around each village done traditionally called Penitensiya or penitence both showing sacrifices of Jesus Christ.

  • MARIAN PROCESSIONS & THANKSGIVINGS

Not to be missed also is the Grand Marian procession held every year in Brgy. San Pedro in honor of the feast of the Virgin of Lourdes and the yearly traditional Santacruzan and the thanksgiving feast celebrations (after a bountiful rice harvest) in almost every barangay. The feast of St. Peter the Apostle, also in brgy. San Pedro has already started its first "Manok-Manok" festival in reference about the rooster that crowed three times when Peter denied Jesus Christ.

  • FEAST OF SAN ISIDRO LABRADOR

Held during 14th or 15th day of the month of May, feast of San Isidro Labrador is celebrated at Brgy. Liciada in honor of their parochial patron saint Isidore the Laborer. Nine days before the festival, processions are happened during 5:30 in the morning and novena masses in the evening.

Church and Chapels[edit]

Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church - located in Brgy. Poblacion
San Isidro Labrador Parish Church - located in Brgy. Liciada

List of covered chapels of the Parish Church of Sto. Niño de Bustos:

  • Sta. Monica and St. Augustine Chapel - located between Brgy. Bonga Mayor and Brgy. Tibagan
  • Sto. Rosario Chapel - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor
  • Chapel of the Holy Cross & Virgen Dela Rosa - located in Brgy. Tanawan
  • St. Joseph Chapel - located in Brgy. Cambaog
  • Immaculate Conception Chapel - located in Brgy. Malamig
  • Chapel of the Holy Cross - located in Brgy. Talampas
  • St. Peter the Apostle Chapel - located in Brgy. San Pedro
  • Our Lady of Perpetual Help Chapel - located in Pitong Gatang, Brgy. Poblacion

Landmarks and Attractions[edit]

Library, Museum and Heritage Park (Brgy. Poblacion)
Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church

Tourism is one of the sources of income of the municipality of Bustos. Its destinations are always used as filmmaking area. Famous tourist attractions are as follows:

  • Bustos Rubber Dam and Park - the longest rubber dam in Asia and second in the world; long time favorite place for school activities, picnics, reunions, civic gatherings etc.; renovated with the partnership of the government of Japan from 1918 to 1922; located 5 km upstream from Bustos. One of the longest sector dams in the world, it is an after-bay reservoir of the Angat Hydroelectric Power Plant at Brgy. Hilltop, Angat, Bulacan. Within the grounds of the dam is the Conrado Mercado Monument; located in Brgy. Tibagan.
  • Mercado Ancestral House & other stone houses - famous for its intricate stone carving created way back in the Spanish times. Ancestral houses, mostly located at Brgy. Bonga Menor, have the distinctive Bustos look: stone pilasters and columns extending up to the ceiling with wood kept to a minimum in the second storey. Located near one another on the road leading to Angat, they include the Cunanan Ancestral Home, the Lopez Ancestral Home, the Perez Ancestral Home and the Mercado Ancestral Home. The last mentioned, the most impressive and best preserved, was built in the mid-1800s and has Baroque-style carved stone corner pilasters, carved stone garland and crucifix motifs in the entrance, chrysanthemum designs, decorative reliefs, molave planks with narra sidings, capiz windows, moveable panels, graceful grilles. peep holes for rifles to aim at tulisanes and a period oil lamp. A sculpture garden is dedicated to the Modernist Conrado Mercado.
  • Letras y Figuras de Bustos - a stone carving of the municipal's name, "Bustos" in all caps, inspired by the intricate design of the Mercado Stone House and the people of Bustos' most favorite finger food, Minasa; located inside the Bustos Heritage Park in front of the Bustos Municipal Building.
  • General Alejo Santos Bridge - bridge connecting the towns of Bustos and Baliuag crossing the Angat River.
  • Villa Florencia - a popular destination of filmmakers and photographers alike.
  • Bulacan Military Area Monument - built in September 1943 in the leadership of General (then Captain) Alejo Santos as Philippine Legion, a guerilla unit against the Troops of Japanese Empire that is founded in the wide yard of the house of Alejo Santos in Brgy. Bonga Menor. Dedicated for the lost & survived soldiers & veterans of the World War 2, recognized by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines; main area for Minasa Festival activities; located beside the Bustos Heritage Park in front of Bustos Municipal Building.
  • Pablito V. Mendoza, Sr. Gymnasium - the first municipality-owned indoor gym in Bulacan.
  • Mga Bahay at Yaman ni St. Martin de Porres - has its Batanes Ivatan style-like village.;[4] popular destination for filmmakers alike.
  • Alejo Santos Memorial Museum/Bulacan Military Area Shrine and Museum - built in honor of General Alejo Santos together with the BMA soldiers; exhibits the documents and pictures of Alejo Santos and the weapons they used; located at Brgy. Bonga Menor.
  • Libingan ng mga Kawal ng Bulacan Military Area - located in Brgy. San Pedro
  • Malamig Park Resort - resort located in Brgy. Malamig; tourist spot during summer season.
  • Bustos Heritage Park, Library, and Museum & Paraiso ng mga Bata - favorite place for culminating activities; children's playground and past time area for people of Bustos; in front of Bustos Municipal Building.
  • Brgy. Bonga Menor Ancestral Houses - a row of Spanish-designed old houses; the mini Kalye Crisologo of Vigan, Ilocos Sur in Bustos.
  • Galilee Wonderland Resort and Hotel - a Bible-inspired theme resort; first of its kind in the country; located in Brgy. San Pedro.[5]
  • Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church - built in memory of those babies who died in the tragic accident in the wild river of Angat and used as a separate parish from the Baliuag. The present stone church under the aegis of the Holy Child can be attributed to Fr. Gabriel Alvares, OSA who replaced the makeshift church and convent in 1872. Both the church and convent were destroyed by revolutionaries in 1898. The church has been largely renovated and all that remains of the previous church are the old stone walls at the side and back. It has been rebuilt in a sort of Gothic style.[6][7] A bell cast by Hilario Sunico in 1877 and is locally referred to as Batingaw ng Bustos is displayed at the church patio.[7]
  • Daily Bread Retreat House & Resort - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor; a great vacation & retreat house because of its nature-friendly environment.
  • Bahay Resiklo - an environment-friendly house that is filled with reused and recycled stuffs with its new purpose; model of the town not only as environment-friendly place but also as economic-friendly place to go; located in Brgy. Camachilihan

Education[edit]

The Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus (BulSU-Bustos) is one of the largest satellite campuses of the university. It was established in 1976. In the past twenty five years, BulSU-Bustos has evolved from its focus on two year vocational and technical courses to its current emphasis on preparing students for careers in education and industrial technology. The curriculum also includes introductory classes in engineering for those students planning to transfer to the main campus. In keeping with the university's vision and mission, BulSU has become one of the higher education institutions in Bulacan on a par with leading learning institutions in the region.

From the year it was founded, the campus grew physically from sharing a roof with the Bustos Elementary school to a five-room former public market building to the imposing campus of today. The school grew as well from offering vocational and technical courses and trade secondary school curriculum and two-year technical education courses, to the four-year and five-year degree programs that it now offers. The campus boasts of its upgraded and revitalized curriculum.

List of high schools:

  • Alexis G. Santos National High School - located in Brgy. Liciada. (Public High School)
  • Cambaog National High School - located in Brgy. Cambaog. (Public High School)
  • Colegio de Sto. Niño de Bustos - located in Brgy. Poblacion. (Private Elementary & High School)
  • Holy Child Academy - located in Brgy. Poblacion; The oldest secondary school in Bustos. (Private Elementary & High School)
  • Mary and Jesus School - located in Brgy. Tanawan. (Private Elementary & High School)
  • Notre Christi Academy of the Philippines - located in Brgy. Poblacion. (Private Elementary & High School)
  • Dr. Pablito V. Mendoza, Sr. Memorial High School - located in Brgy. Malamig. (Public High School)
  • Shekinah Christian Academy of Bulacan - located in Brgy. Malamig. (Private Elementary & High School)
  • Tibagan National High School - located in Brgy. Tibagan. (Public High School)

List of public elementary schools:

  • Bustos Central School - located in Brgy. Poblacion.
  • Bonga Mayor Elementary School - located in Brgy. Bonga Mayor.
  • Bonga Menor Elementary School - located in Brgy. Bonga Menor.
  • Camachilihan Elementary School - located in Brgy. Camachilihan.
  • Cambaog Elementary School - located in Brgy. Cambaog.
  • Catacte Elementary School - located in Brgy. Catacte.
  • Liciada Elementary School - located in Brgy. Liciada.
  • Malamig Elementary School - located in Brgy. Malamig.
  • Dr. Ramirez Elementary School - located in Brgy. Malawak.
  • San Pedro Elementary School - located in Brgy. San Pedro.
  • Simplicio S. Del Rosario (SSDR) Elementary School - located in Brgy. Talampas.
  • Tibagan Elementary School - located in Brgy. Tibagan.

Notable People[edit]

  • Alejo Santos - popularly known as "Manong"; a World War 2 hero; former Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines under the late President Carlos P. Garcia; former Military Governor of Bulacan province; ran in the Philippine Presidential Elections before but lost to former President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
  • Katy de la Cruz - also known as "Mommy Kate"; "Queen of Philippine Vaudeville/Bodabil", "Queen of Filipino Jazz" and awarded as FAMAS Best Supporting Actress.
  • Skabeche -Ska band based in Bulacan; composed and interpreted the Official Themesong of Minasa Festival.
  • Luzviminda Tancangco - also known as "Baby"; first non-lawyer and woman commissioner of the Philippine Commission on Elections. She was also its first female acting chairman (1998–1999).
  • Bishops Paulino, Nepomuceno, and Lopez - The "Tres Obispos" (3 Bishops) of Bustos. The first and only small town in the whole archipelago ever to produce 3 Catholic Clergy Bishops at the same time.
  • Conrado Mercado, Sr. - locally known as "Mr. Irrigation"; Former National Irrigation Administration (NIA) Assistant Administrator; Original owner of the Mercado Ancestral House in Brgy. Bonga Menor; the government created a statue for him to serve as a memorabilia for him and his contributions.
  • Conrado Mercado, Jr. - famous metal-sculptor and painter; one of the greatest artists produced by the University of Santo Tomas; enlisted as one of UST's Alumni Permanent Roll of Honor; gained the Outstanding Thomasian Award in the field of arts; honored by the City of Manila with the Patnubay ng Sining Award; and became the leader of several organizations for the arts in the Philippines
  • Minister Jesus Hipolito - former Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Minister.
  • Rear Admiral Hilario Ruiz - former flag officer and chief of the Philippine Navy; one of the twelve members of the Rolex 12 (also known as Omega 12) who was personally handpicked by then President Ferdinand Marcos, alongside with then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, then Philippine Constabulary chief Maj. Gen. Fidel V. Ramos, and others, as his personal advisers during the historical Philippine Martial Law period.

Local heroes:

  • Etoy/Anacleto Enriquez - one of the youngest heroes who fought in the battle in San Rafael, Bulacan on November 30, 1896; classmate and childhood friend of the Hero of Tirad Pass Gen. Gregorio del Pilar; together with his brother Vicente, they joined the KKK on 1895 which was authorized by the Katipunan leader Andres Bonifacio to organize a group of Katipuneros in Bulacan area which was named as Balangay Uliran; as one of the organizers of the Balangay Uliran, he served as the vice president of the organization together with Doroteo Karagdag as the President; led the invasion in Cuartel de Guardia Civil.
  • Kapitan Bindoy Hilario/Herminigildo Prado - led the opposition against the Spanish colonizers who wanted to pursue the Juez de Cuchillo in 1897 and won; became the municipal captain of Bustos; became the coordinator of 11th district of Bulacan under the American Colonization consisting of Barangay Poblacion and Barangay Tanauan; became the first chief-of-police of the municipality of Baliuag.
  • Maestrong Sebio/Gen. Eusebio Roque - one of the heroes of Battle of Kakarong de Sili; led the group of soldiers and civilians when Infanterias de Guardias Civiles are attacked by the Spanish colonizers in 1897.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mga Bahay at Yaman ni San Martin de Porres - Home". 
  5. ^ "Galilee Wonderland Hotel and Resort - Home". 
  6. ^ Galende, OSA, Pedro (1996). Angels in Stone: Architecture of Augustinian Churches in the Philippines (2nd ed.). Intramuros, Manila: San Agustin Museum. p. 107. ISBN 9719157100. 
  7. ^ a b "Biyahero: Philippine Travel Portal - Bustos". www.biyahero.net. Retrieved August 2014. 

External links[edit]