|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Nearest city||Kosli, Bhiwani|
|Sex ratio||54:46 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dadri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)|
Charkhi Dadri (Hindi: चरखी दादरी) is a town and a municipal committee in Bhiwani district in the state of Haryana, India. The town was made by joining the villages of Charkhi and Dadri after urban development.
Charkhi Dadri tehsil
Charkhi Dadri is a tehsil with 184 villages and is the largest tehsil in Haryana now. It is located in southern Haryana and is 105 km from the national capital Delhi. Folklores have it that Dadri was a lake called Dadar from which it gets its present name. According to another anecdote, the place had a lake which was full of dadur—frog in Sanskrit—from which it derived its current name. It is said that one day Dada Bilhan Singh, descendant of Prithviraj Chauhan, came to this area and saw a cow and lion drinking water side by side and intrigued by this, he went to a nearby cottage where a Mahatma named Swami Dayal lived. Bilhan Singh asked for Mahatma's blessings and advice. Mahatma advised him to Make this place his home and blessed that his family will rule this place in future. Charkhi Dadri (was called dadri earlier before the village Charkhi was merged with it) was also a district (pargana) and a state (riyasat) in the past.
Charkhi Dadri is the main market place for all the nearby villages for all their needs and has its own food and grain markets and one FCI godown. People of many gotra live in Charkhi Dadri, major ones being Bansal, Phogat, Sheoran, JatRana, Sangwan. Despite being just a tehsil, Charkhi Dadri has given many seasoned politicians and statesman to the state. Master Hukum Singh -Ex Chief Minister, Late. Choudhary Hargain Singh Gochwal, Chandravati, Ramesh Joshi, Late Ram kishan Gupta - Ex-MP and educationalist are a few prominent names which made their mark on national map of politics and social works.
As of the 2001 India census, Charkhi Dadri had a population of 44,892. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Charkhi Dadri has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 62%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The progress made by the town in the field of education is mainly due to efforts of Late Shri Ram Kishan Gupta (was also an ex-MP), who founded 'the Dadri Education Society'. Under the ambit of this trust fall 3 schools & 7 colleges. The major part of the ethnographic spectrum of the population is constituted by Jat people who have come from various neighbouring villages as well as many of them are descendants of the Rajput founders of the city. Another major chuk is descendant of Maratha warriors who after the defeat of Panipat battle, decided to settle in the nearby places. Another major community belongs to Bania (caste) and Brahmin who lives majorly in the concentrated pockets of old city called Chotti Bazari and places around Anaj mandi. Nevertheless, the city is a perfect melange with people from other diverse castes and communities as well. There are some locally famous places in the city which include Shyamesar Johar (pond) and Dayal Temple to name a few.
1996 mid-air collision
Charkhi Dadri came in news for the 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision, which occurred on 12 November 1996, when Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 (SVA 763), a Boeing 747-168B en route from New Delhi, India, to Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, collided in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 (KZK 1907), an Ilyushin Il-76 en route from Shymkent, Kazakhstan to New Delhi, Near the prem nagar colony of Charkhi Dadri, Haryana, India. All 349 people on board both flights were killed, making it the deadliest mid-air collision in history, as well the deadliest air crash in India and the third-deadliest aviation accident of all time (behind Japan Airlines Flight 123 in 1985 and the Tenerife disaster in 1977).
Cement plant - Cement Corporation of India
Cement Corporation Of India (CCI) established one of its cement plants in Haryana. The plant was commissioned in 1982 with an installed capacity of 174,000 tonnes per annum. The process used in the plant was a semi-dry one and the plant is sprawled across 198 acres (0.80 km2). The plant functioned for almost 15 years before production was stopped in 1996 due to various issues and the plant remains closed till date.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 11121996". Airdisaster.com. 1996-11-12. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Ten Worst Airplane Crashes in History - BootsnAll Toolkit". Toolkit.bootsnall.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.