Chechen diaspora

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The Chechen diaspora (Chechen: Нохчийн диаспора) is a term used to collectively describe the communities of Chechen people who live outside of Chechnya; this includes Chechens who live in other parts of Russia. There are also significant Chechen populations in other subdivisions of Russia (especially in Dagestan, Ingushetia and Moscow Oblast).

Outside Russia, Chechens mainly descendants of people who had to leave Chechnya during the 19th century Caucasian War (which led to the annexation of Chechnya by the Russian Empire) and the 1944 Stalinist deportation to the Soviet Central Asia in the case of Kazakhstan. More recently, tens of thousands of Chechen refugees settled in the European Union and elsewhere as the result of the First and Second Chechen Wars, especially in the wave of emigration to the West after 2002.[1]

Geography[edit]

Distribution of Chechens in Russia, 2010
Chechen diaspora per country
Country or territory Centres of Chechen population (capital italicized) Population of Chechens (most reliable/probable estimates bold (used for sorting))
Rest of Russia Dagestan (~93,700 in 2010[2])
Ingushetia (~18,800 in 2010[3])
Moscow (~14,500 in 2010[4])
Stavropol Krai (~12,000 in 2010[5])
Rostov Oblast (~11,500 in 2010[6])
Tyumen Oblast (~10,500 in 2010[7])
~224,800 (2010)[8][9]
Turkey Beyşehir, Göksun, Istanbul ~100,000 (2009)[10]
Kazakhstan ~31,400 (2009)[11]
France Besançon, Nice, Orleans, Strasbourg, Le Mans, Paris, Montpelier, Toulouse, Tours ~10,000 (2008),[12] >30,000 (2013)[13]
Austria ~17,000 (2008);[12] ~20,000 (2009);[14] ~25,000 (2010)[15]
Belgium Aarschot 7,000-10,000 (2008),[12] ~17,000[13]
Jordan Amman, Zarqa ~8,000 (2002),[16] ~15,000 (2007)[17]
Iraq Arbil, Diyala,[18] Baghdad, Mosul, Kirkuk <10,000 (2012)[19]
Germany ~10,000 (2008),[12] ~12,000 (2013)[13]
Georgia Pankisi Gorge ~7,100 Kists (2002)[20]
Poland Białystok, Katowice, Łomża, Warsaw ~6,000 (2009)[21]
Egypt Cairo ~5,000 (2002)[16]
Syria Aleppo, Damascus ~4,000 (2002)[16]
Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk, Kherson, Kiev, Odessa, Zaporizhia[22] 2,877 (2001)[23]
Denmark <1,000 (2013)[13]
United States Los Angeles,[12] New Jersey[24] 250-1,000 (2013)[12][25]

Tens of thousands of Chechens are said to be living in Norway.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chechnya's Exodus to Europe, North Caucasus Weekly Volume: 9 Issue: 3, The Jamestown Foundation, January 24, 2008
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ [6]
  8. ^ [7]
  9. ^ [8]
  10. ^ Kristiina Markkanen: Chechen refugee came to Finland via Baku and Istanbul
  11. ^ [9]
  12. ^ a b c d e f Chechens: A Little-Known Global Diaspora Of Refugees
  13. ^ a b c d e Refworld | Continuing Human Rights Abuses Force Chechens to Flee to Europe
  14. ^ oe1.ORF.at Gesellschaft (German)
  15. ^ Tschetschenen in Österreich: Immer mehr ändern den Namen > Kleine Zeitung (German)
  16. ^ a b c Chechens in the Middle East: Between Original and Host Cultures, Event Report, Caspian Studies Program
  17. ^ "Jordan willing to assist Chechnya – King". Reliefweb.int. 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  18. ^ Ethnic Chechens Caught Up in Iraq Violence
  19. ^ Ahmet Katav; Bilgay Duman (November 2012). "Iraqi Circassians (Chechens, Dagestanis, Adyghes)". ORSAM Reports (134). Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  20. ^ საქართველოს ქისტები (Georgian)
  21. ^ Niecałe Katowice były przeciw Czeczenom - Dziennikzachodni.pl (Polish)
  22. ^ Chechen Migration and Integration in Ukraine A working paper prepared by Fulbright research fellow Mariah Levin in cooperation with UNHCR and HIAS. Ukraine is the main transit country for Chechen refugees traveling to Europe (November 2006)
  23. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  24. ^ Interview: More About Tsarnaev Brothers And Their Ancestral Homeland - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty
  25. ^ Andrew Meier (19 April 2013). "The Chechens in America: Why They’re Here and Who They Are". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 

External links[edit]