Cherokee, Iowa

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Cherokee, Iowa
City
Motto: "Citizens With a Passion for Community and a Community with Passion for its Citizens!"[1]
Location of Cherokee, Iowa
Location of Cherokee, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°45′N 95°33′W / 42.750°N 95.550°W / 42.750; -95.550Coordinates: 42°45′N 95°33′W / 42.750°N 95.550°W / 42.750; -95.550
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Cherokee
GovernmentK
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Mark Murphy
Area[2]
 • Total 6.45 sq mi (16.71 km2)
 • Land 6.43 sq mi (16.65 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 1,194 ft (364 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 5,253
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 5,179
 • Density 817.0/sq mi (315.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51012
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-13080
GNIS feature ID 0455370
Website City of Cherokee

Cherokee is a city in Cherokee County, Iowa, United States. The population was 5,253 at the 2010 Census, down from 5,369 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Cherokee County.[5]

History[edit]

Cherokee was laid out as a town in 1870,[6] and was named for the Indian tribe.[7] Cherokee was incorporated on April 5, 1873,[8]

Geography[edit]

Cherokee is located at 42°45′03″N 95°33′02″W / 42.750818°N 95.550472°W / 42.750818; -95.550472.[9] It is situated near the Little Sioux River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.45 square miles (16.71 km2), of which, 6.43 square miles (16.65 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Cherokee
population history
Census Pop.
1870 438
1880 1,523 247.7%
1890 3,441 125.9%
1900 3,865 12.3%
1910 4,884 26.4%
1920 5,824 19.2%
1930 6,443 10.6%
1940 7,469 15.9%
1950 7,705 3.2%
1960 7,724 0.2%
1970 7,272 −5.9%
1980 7,004 −3.7%
1990 6,026 −14.0%
2000 5,369 −10.9%
2010 5,253 −2.2%
Iowa Data Center[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,253 people, 2,316 households, and 1,339 families residing in the city. The population density was 817.0 inhabitants per square mile (315.4 /km2). There were 2,569 housing units at an average density of 399.5 per square mile (154.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 1.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 2,316 households of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.2% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the city was 46.3 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 22.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,369 people, 2,362 households, and 1,393 families residing in the city. The population density was 837.8 people per square mile (323.4/km²). There were 2,556 housing units at an average density of 398.9 per square mile (154.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 2,362 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.82.

Age spread: 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $42,333. Males had a median income of $28,350 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,846. About 5.0% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

National Historic Landmark[edit]

The nearby Cherokee Sewer Site is a well-preserved prehistoric Indian bison-processing site, which helped to redefine the Archaic period in the Midwest, and the Phipps Site is a National Historic Landmark 1000-year-old Plains farming village that may have been fortified.

Annual events[edit]

The annual Jazz Festival is held in January, often headlined by Mark Pender a member of the Basic Cable band.[12][13]

The Cherokee County Fair, and the Cherokee Rodeo are held in the summer.[13]

Museums[edit]

Cherokee is the home of the Sanford Museum and Planetarium that opened in 1951. The intent of the founders, Mr & Mrs W.A. Sanford, was to create a museum that was free and open to the public. The facility is currently (January 2011) still operated free to the public and has exhibits and activities on a variety of subjects including: archaeology, art, astronomy, geology, history, natural history, and paleontology.[13]

Cherokee may be the smallest town in the world to have its own symphony orchestra, the Cherokee Symphony. This 60-member orchestra has been referred to as "the best kept secret in Northwest Iowa".[13]

Infrastructure[edit]

Health care[edit]

Cherokee is also the home of the Cherokee Mental Health Institute, under the Iowa Department of Human Services.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Cherokee, Iowa". City of Cherokee, Iowa. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ History of Western Iowa, Its Settlement and Growth. Western Publishing Company. 1882. p. 267. 
  7. ^ "Profile for Cherokee, Iowa, IA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Cherokee, Iowa". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://www.cherokeejazzbluesfestival.com/Home.html[dead link]
  13. ^ a b c d "Activities & Recreation". Cherokee Iowa Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  14. ^ "Gillette, Guy Mark, (1879 - 1973)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Roger Goeb". American Composers Alliance. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  16. ^ Smith, Roberta. "Doug Ohlson, Painter of Vivid Abstracts, Dies at 73", The New York Times, July 23, 2010. Accessed July 24, 2010.
  17. ^ "Adam Larry Timmerman". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  18. ^ Schmidt, Steffen. "Iowa Boy Makes Good"

External links[edit]