Harlan, Iowa

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Harlan, Iowa
City
Downtown Harlan
Downtown Harlan
Location of Harlan, Iowa
Location of Harlan, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°39′17″N 95°19′19″W / 41.65472°N 95.32194°W / 41.65472; -95.32194Coordinates: 41°39′17″N 95°19′19″W / 41.65472°N 95.32194°W / 41.65472; -95.32194
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Shelby
Area[1]
 • Total 4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
 • Land 4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,106
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 5,085
 • Density 1,163.1/sq mi (449.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 51537, 51593
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-34500
GNIS feature ID 0457259
Website City of Harlan

Harlan is a city in Shelby County, Iowa, United States, along the West Nishnabotna River. The population was 5,106 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Shelby County.[4]

History[edit]

Harlan was platted in 1858.[5] It was named for one of Iowa's early U.S. Senators, James Harlan.[6] The town was incorporated on May 2, 1879.

Geography[edit]

Harlan's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 41.654609, -95.322019.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.39 square miles (11.37 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1860 47 —    
1870 128 +172.3%
1880 1,304 +918.8%
1890 1,765 +35.4%
1900 2,422 +37.2%
1910 2,570 +6.1%
1920 2,831 +10.2%
1930 3,145 +11.1%
1940 3,727 +18.5%
1950 3,915 +5.0%
1960 4,350 +11.1%
1970 5,049 +16.1%
1980 5,357 +6.1%
1990 5,148 −3.9%
2000 5,282 +2.6%
2010 5,106 −3.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,106 people, 2,222 households, and 1,341 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,163.1 inhabitants per square mile (449.1/km2). There were 2,410 housing units at an average density of 549.0 per square mile (212.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 2,222 households of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.6% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 43.8 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.4% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 21.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,282 people, 2,204 households, and 1,498 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,209.8 people per square mile (466.7/km²). There were 2,306 housing units at an average density of 528.2 per square mile (203.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.30% White, 0.08% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 2,204 households of which 31.1% included children under the age of 18; 56.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% consisted of a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35, and the average family size was 2.88.

25.1% are under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,899, and the median income for a family was $45,888. Males had a median income of $31,365 versus $19,671 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,514. About 5.3% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

Sports[edit]

Harlan has won 12 Class 3-A state championships in football: 1972, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2009.[9] Harlan also is home to Shelby County Speedway which holds the Tiny Lund Memorial races held in September.

Education[edit]

The Harlan School District also serves residents of Jacksonville, Corley, Defiance, Panama, Portsmouth, Earling, and Westphalia.

Music[edit]

The Harlan Community School District excels in their musical abilities. The Harlan Community High School Jazz Band, nicknamed the Harlan Jazz Experience, has won the Iowa Jazz Championships in the class 3A for the past four years (2011, 2010, 2009, 2008) and hopes to win again this year.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Building on the National Register of Historic Places

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ White, Edward Speer (1915). Past and Present of Shelby County, Iowa, Volume 1. B.F. Bowen. p. 226. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 149. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.iahsaa.org/football/ARCHIVES/FB.4.CHAMPGAME.results.pdf 37
  10. ^ "Tiny Lund". International Motorsports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 

External links[edit]