Jefferson, Iowa

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Not to be confused with Jefferson County, Iowa. ‹See Tfd›
Jefferson, Iowa
City
Greene County Courthouse in Jefferson
Greene County Courthouse in Jefferson
Location of Jefferson, Iowa
Location of Jefferson, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.01667°N 94.37667°W / 42.01667; -94.37667Coordinates: 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.01667°N 94.37667°W / 42.01667; -94.37667
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Greene
Area[1]
 • Total 6.01 sq mi (15.57 km2)
 • Land 5.97 sq mi (15.46 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,345
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,260
 • Density 727.8/sq mi (281.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50129
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-39450
GNIS feature ID 0457919
Website City of Jefferson

Jefferson is a city in Greene County, Iowa, United States, along the North Raccoon River. The population was 4,345 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Greene County.[4] It is the home of the Mahanay Memorial Bell Tower, 168 feet (51 m) tall, located on the town square, and visible for miles. The tower is named for Floyd Mahanay, a philanthropist and former resident. Jefferson is bisected east to west by the old Lincoln Highway (formerly U.S. 30). A new U.S. 30 is located about one mile to the north.

History[edit]

While platted and settled a few years earlier, "New Jefferson" was organized in the winter of 1855–56 and officially incorporated in January 1872. It began as a farming community and remains so today. The first settlers of the new city were the family of George S. Walton who built there in 1855.[5] During the Civil War, Jefferson as well as Greene County contributed its sons to raising Company H, 10th Iowa Infantry (1861) and Company E, 39th Iowa Infantry (1862). The railway came to Jefferson in the decades after the Civil War. Jefferson's first mayor was Mahlon Head, elected in 1872. Jefferson's library was completed in 1904 through the generosity of the Carnegie library fund. The stretch of Lincoln Highway that runs through Jefferson was completed circa 1924.

Geography[edit]

Jefferson is located at 42°1′0″N 94°22′36″W / 42.01667°N 94.37667°W / 42.01667; -94.37667 (42.016749, -94.376753).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.01 square miles (15.57 km2), of which, 5.97 square miles (15.46 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Jefferson historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1870 779 —    
1880 1,444 +85.4%
1890 1,875 +29.8%
1900 2,601 +38.7%
1910 2,477 −4.8%
1920 3,416 +37.9%
1930 3,431 +0.4%
1940 4,088 +19.1%
1950 4,326 +5.8%
1960 4,570 +5.6%
1970 4,735 +3.6%
1980 4,854 +2.5%
1990 4,292 −11.6%
2000 4,626 +7.8%
2010 4,345 −6.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,345 people, 1,900 households, and 1,172 families residing in the city. The population density was 727.8 inhabitants per square mile (281.0 /km2). There were 2,156 housing units at an average density of 361.1 per square mile (139.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 1,900 households of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 46.3 years. 22.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.5% were from 45 to 64; and 24.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 4,626 people, 1,954 households, and 1,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 794.6 people per square mile (306.9/km²). There were 2,094 housing units at an average density of 359.7 per square mile (138.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.97% White, 0.15% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.73% of the population.

There were 1,954 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88.

Age spread: 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 26.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,818, and the median income for a family was $42,754. Males had a median income of $32,206 versus $21,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,441. About 3.3% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Jefferson, Iowa, was featured in the television series, 24 (season four, episode 18). In the episode, nuclear warheads are being moved from Illinois to Jefferson, but are intercepted during transit by Marwan's associates.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Stillman, B.B., Past and Present of Greene County, Iowa, Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1907 (1979 reprint), 38.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Stillman, B.B., Past and Present of Greene County, Iowa, Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1907 (1979 reprint)
  • Franzwa, Gregory M., The Lincoln Highway, Iowa (Vol. 1), Tucson: The Patrice Press, 1995.
  • Bogue, Allan G., From Prairie to Cornbelt, Farming on the Illinoise and Iowa Prairies in the Nineteenth Century, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

External links[edit]