Cleveland Heights, Ohio

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Cleveland Heights, Ohio
City
Coventry Village in Cleveland Heights.
Coventry Village in Cleveland Heights.
Location of Cleveland Heights in Ohio
Location of Cleveland Heights in Ohio
Location of Cleveland Heights in Cuyahoga County
Location of Cleveland Heights in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333Coordinates: 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Government
 • Type Council–manager
 • Mayor Dennis R. Wilcox[1]
 • Vice Mayor Cheryl L. Stephens[1]
 • City manager Tanisha Briley[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 8.13 sq mi (21.06 km2)
 • Land 8.11 sq mi (21.00 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation [4] 935 ft (285 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 46,121
 • Estimate (2012[6]) 45,475
 • Density 5,686.9/sq mi (2,195.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-16014[7]
GNIS feature ID 1048605[4]
Website clevelandheights.com

Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, a suburb of Cleveland. The city's population was 46,121 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The area that is now Cleveland Heights was settled by Euro-American farmers later than most of Cuyahoga County. The first road through what is today the city, Mayfield Road, was not built until 1828. Besides farms the area also had quarries in the 19th century.

One of the early quarries was established by Duncan McFarland that mined bluestone. This led to the settlement that grew up around the quarry for the workers to live in to be referred to as Bluestone. There is still a road of this name in that area.

John D. Rockefeller arrived in what is today Cleveland Heights in 1873. He had a large estate of 700 acres (2.8 km2) and in 1938 donated the land of what is now Forest Hill Park that straddles the boundaries of Cleveland Heights and East Cleveland. There had been quarries within what is today Forest Hill Park previous to Rockefeller donating it to the city.

Rockefeller was not the only affluent Clevelander to come to what is now Cleveland Heights. The Euclid Heights development was created by Patrick Calhoun starting in 1892. It was centered around the Euclid Golf Course and began at the Cleveland city line, covering the area between Mayfield Road and Cedar Road as far east as Coventry Road. There was a streetcar line from this location running into the center of Cleveland's business district.

In 1898 Marcus M. Brown began the development of Mayfield Heights along the north side of Mayfield Road just beyond the Cleveland boundary and to take advantage of the Mayfield Road streetcar. Brown had purchased this land from Emil Preyer and his sister Mary Preyer Hellwig. Emil had operated a cedar mill.

By the end of 1899 the streetcar reached out along Mayfield Road to the old village of Fairmount. In 1903 the village of Cleveland Heights was incorporated.[8]

In 1910 Cleveland Heights had a population about 5,000 people. It had a population of 15,396 in 1920 and was incorporated as a city on August 9, 1921. By 1960 it had a population of 61,813.[9]

In November 2013 the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs warned citizens of France to not travel at all to Cleveland Heights, Euclid, and Lakewood. In response, Edward Kelley, the mayor of Cleveland Heights, demanded an apology.[10]

Geography[edit]

View of the Heights Rockefeller Building, from Mayfield and Lee Roads

Cleveland Heights is located at 41°30′35″N 81°33′48″W / 41.50972°N 81.56333°W / 41.50972; -81.56333 (41.509652, -81.563301).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.13 square miles (21.06 km2), of which, 8.11 square miles (21.00 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[3] Cleveland Heights is mostly within the Dugway Brook Watershed.

Environment[edit]

In 1987, the city of Cleveland Heights was declared a nuclear free zone.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,955
1920 15,236 415.6%
1930 50,945 234.4%
1940 54,992 7.9%
1950 59,141 7.5%
1960 61,813 4.5%
1970 60,767 −1.7%
1980 56,438 −7.1%
1990 54,052 −4.2%
2000 49,958 −7.6%
2010 46,121 −7.7%
Est. 2012 45,475 −1.4%
Sources:[13][14][7][15]

90.2% spoke English, 2.3% Russian, 2.0% Spanish, 1.0% French, and 0.7% German as their first language.[16]

The median income for a household in the city was $48,717, and the median income for a family was $65,857. 50.4% of the residents held a bachelors degree or higher.[17] The per capita income for the city was $28,435. About 7.4% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 46,121 people, 19,957 households, and 10,834 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,686.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,195.7 /km2). There were 22,465 housing units at an average density of 2,770.0 per square mile (1,069.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.8% White, 42.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 19,957 households of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.7% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

Politics and government[edit]

Cleveland Heights is governed by a city charter adopted in 1921 and amended in 1972, 1982 and 1986. The charter specifies a council-manager form of government, with seven members of council elected to four year terms. Four members of Council are elected the year following a presidential election, and three the year following a gubernatorial election. All are elected using plurality at-large non-partisan voting. The mayor is elected by council from among its members and has additional duties including parliamentary and ceremonial responsibilities.

Cleveland Heights is reliably Democratic. Six of the seven members of Council are Democrats. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama defeated John McCain 84.2%-15.0%, while in the 2004 presidential election, John Kerry defeated George W. Bush 80.8%-18.8% in the city. In 2012, every precinct in the city was carried by Barack Obama. All of Cleveland Heights is in the 11th congressional district, a seat currently held by Marcia Fudge, elected in a special election following the death of Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones. In 2003, Cleveland Heights became the first city in Ohio to offer a domestic partnership registry, which was passed by voter referendum.[18]

The current City Council is composed of the mayor Dennis R. Wilcox, Janine Boyd, Jason S. Stein, Mary Dunbar, Cheryl L. Stephens, Jeff Coryell, and Melissa Yasinow. [19]

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Cleveland Heights is provided by two school districts. Most of the city is served by the Cleveland Heights-University Heights City School District, while a small portion located on the northwest side of the city lies within the East Cleveland City School District.

Several private schools are located within the city, including Beaumont School, Lutheran High School East, Horizon Montessori, Ruffing Montessori, Hebrew Academy of Cleveland, Saint Ann School, and Mosdos Ohr Hatorah.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Russia Novgorod, Russia
Russia Volzhsky, Russia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City Council". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "City Manager's Office". Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  6. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ History of Cleveland Heights
  9. ^ Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer, 1952 Edition with 1962 Supplement.
  10. ^ Ferrise, Adam (Northeast Ohio Media Group). "French government warns citizens to avoid Cleveland Heights, Lakewood, Euclid." Cleveland Sun News. November 14, 2013. Retrieved on November 18, 2013.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2013/04/signs_announcing_cleveland_hei.html
  13. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  16. ^ http://www.mla.org/cgi-shl/docstudio/docs.pl?map_data_results
  17. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/3916014.html
  18. ^ http://www.clevelandheights.com/index.aspx?page=339
  19. ^ http://www.clevelandheights.com/citygovt_council.asp
  20. ^ "Andrew Meacham, "Mayor packed ideas, pipe tobacco in rich public life," September 15, 2010". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Surrounding communities[edit]