Solon, Ohio

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Solon, Ohio
City
SolonCityHall.jpg
Solon City Hall
Location of Solon in Ohio
Location of Solon in Ohio
Location of Solon in Cuyahoga County
Location of Solon in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°23′N 81°27′W / 41.383°N 81.450°W / 41.383; -81.450Coordinates: 41°23′N 81°27′W / 41.383°N 81.450°W / 41.383; -81.450
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Government
 • Mayor

Susan A. Drucker.[1]

Vice Mayor Edward H. Kraus
Area[2]
 • Total 20.49 sq mi (53.07 km2)
 • Land 20.36 sq mi (52.73 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation[3] 1,040 ft (317 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 23,348
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 23,160
 • Density 1,146.8/sq mi (442.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44139
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-72928[4]
GNIS feature ID 1046426[3]
Website http://www.solonohio.org/

Solon (SOH-lin) is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and is an affluent suburb of Cleveland. It is part of Northeast Ohio's combined Cleveland-Akron-Canton metropolitan area, the 15th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2012, the city population was estimated at 23,160.[6]

The city has been recognized by Money in its list of "Best Places to Live" multiple times, placing 23rd in 2009 and 3rd in 2011."[7][8] The city is one of the safest in Ohio,[9][10] has an acclaimed public school system,[11] and was ranked as one of the "Best Places to Raise Kids" by Bloomberg Businessweek[12]

Solon has a strong economy and in 2013 was granted a Google eCity award, recognizing it as the city with the strongest online business community in Ohio.[13]

History[edit]

In 1820, the first settlers arrived from Connecticut to live in part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The township was named after Lorenzo Solon Bull, who was the son of Isaac Bull, one of the first settlers. Purportedly, the selection of young Lorenzo's middle name was due to its derivation from the father of democracy, Solon, the famous Athenian lawmaker of Ancient Greece.[14]

The early settlers faced challenges common to pioneers, but in Solon, drainage and wetlands issues complicated settlement and agriculture. Overcoming these obstacles, Solon Township became an arable farming area, producing corn and wheat crops and supporting dairy farms (including 5 cheese factories). By 1850, the population of Solon Township reached 1,034.

Because of nearby Cleveland's position as a national hub of the railroad industry, rail also contributed greatly to Solon's growth. In 1857, the Cleveland-Youngstown section of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad established a line running through Solon.

Laid out in a traditional New England plan, Solon, like many of the neighboring townships, established a public square in its town center. In conjunction with townships to the north, a north-south corridor was established through the town centers of Solon, Orange, and Mayfield townships (from south to north, respectively) and, accordingly, was named SOM Center Road (now Ohio 91). Solon Township included the current municipalities of the City of Solon and the villages of Bentleyville and Glenwillow. In 1917, Solon was incorporated as a village and later became a city in 1961, operated under the mayor-council form of government.

Solon was one of the first cities to use a comprehensive zoning plan and has been able to achieve a strong industrial base, while insulating its bedroom communities from industrial activities. Further, the city has primarily concentrated its commercial and retail districts in the town center, making them convenient to all residents. In addition to its planned use for corporate and residential areas, Solon has 687 acres (2.78 km2) of city parks and recreational area, 360 acres (1.5 km2) of Cleveland Metroparks (the South Chagrin Reservation) and 3 golf courses within its borders.

In 1991, the extension of a divided highway, US 422, was completed as an east-west corridor just north of its town center. US 422 enables easy access to many points throughout Northeast Ohio, providing a corridor extending from Cleveland through Solon and beyond Warren into Pennsylvania.

Geography[edit]

Solon
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
31
15
 
 
2.6
 
35
17
 
 
3.2
 
44
24
 
 
3.7
 
58
36
 
 
4.2
 
68
46
 
 
4
 
77
55
 
 
4
 
80
59
 
 
3.6
 
79
58
 
 
3.8
 
72
51
 
 
3.5
 
60
40
 
 
3.7
 
48
31
 
 
3.5
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[15]

Solon is at 41°23′24″N 81°26′32″W / 41.39000°N 81.44222°W / 41.39000; -81.44222 (41.389871, -81.442330).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.49 square miles (53.07 km2), of which, 20.36 square miles (52.73 km2) is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

Like other Great Lakes region cities, Solon lies in a humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa) and has four distinct seasons, from hot summers to cold and snowy winters. The highest recorded temperature in the city was 102 °F in 1918, and the lowest -25 °F in 1994.

Solon experiences relatively high precipitation (an average of 42.78 inches annually) due to lake effect and its presence on the western end of the North American snowbelt.[15]

Surrounding communities[edit]

Solon is 18 miles (29 km) from Cleveland in the southeastern corner of Cuyahoga County,[14] adjacent to three other counties: Geauga, Portage and Summit (listed here clockwise from east to south). The city is bordered by Moreland Hills, Chagrin Falls, Bainbridge, Reminderville, Twinsburg, Glenwillow, Bedford Heights, and Orange (as shown in the graphic below).

Despite their similar names, Solon is not adjacent to South Solon, Ohio, a village located in Madison County in Central Ohio, approximately 35 miles west of Columbus. The two "Solons" are approximately 170 miles apart.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 887
1930 1,027 15.8%
1940 1,508 46.8%
1950 2,570 70.4%
1960 6,333 146.4%
1970 11,519 81.9%
1980 13,950 21.1%
1990 18,548 33.0%
2000 21,802 17.5%
2010 23,348 7.1%
Est. 2012 23,160 −0.8%
Sources:[4][16][17][18][19]

As of 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $96,965, and the median income for a family was $112,156. The per capita income for the city was $47,505. About 2.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line.[6][20]

Of the city's population over age 25, 57.0% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.[6]

90.8% spoke English, 1.9% Russian, 1.4% Chinese, 1.1% Spanish, and 0.8% German.[21]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 23,348 people, 8,352 households, and 6,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,146.8 inhabitants per square mile (442.8/km2). There were 8,765 housing units at an average density of 430.5 per square mile (166.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 10.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 8,352 households, of which 41.5% had children under age 18 living with them, 68.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 27.8% of residents were under 18; 5.2% were between 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

Economy[edit]

In 1929, the Bready Cultimotor tractor company became the first industrial company to locate in Solon. Since then, Solon has served as home to many multinational companies, including several global and North American headquarters. Accordingly, Solon is considered a satellite city, defined as a suburb containing an employment base sufficient to support its residential population (even though the community is integrated through cross-commuting in a much larger metropolitan area).

Today, according to city government authorities, Solon has major clusters of businesses in five manufacturing industries: 1) electronic and electrical equipment, 2) industrial and commercial machinery, 3) measuring and controlling devices and instruments, 4) chemicals and allied products, and 5) fabricated metal products. Over 8,000, or 75%, of Solon’s 10,700 manufacturing jobs are concentrated in these five sectors.

Major employers include: Nestlé Prepared Foods (headquarters of Stouffer Foods), Swagelok, Erico Products, Signature of Solon, Keithley Instruments, Arrow Electronics, and L'Oréal Products (through acquisition of the headquarters of Matrix Essentials hair products). Other well-known businesses include: the Cleveland Clinic, King Nut Company, and First Class Limos.

Wrap Tite, a small business in town that manufactures stretch wrap and other packing and shipping products, was given a $1.5 million Small Business Administration (SBA)-supported loan in summer 2011, a fact emphasized by Vice President Joseph Biden and SBA head Karen Mills when they visited Solon on September 20, 2011, to announce a $20 billion three-year commitment by 13 major banking chains to increase lending to small businesses in underserved communities.[22]

The Robbins Company, a leading international manufacturer of tunnel boring machines founded in 1952, is headquartered in Solon. Robbins employs over 150 individuals in the city and has produced a number of industry innovations.[23]

Top employers[edit]

As of 2014, the top ten employers in the city are:[24]

# Employer # of Employees
1 Swagelok Company 2,963
2 Nestle Prepared Foods Company 2,225
3 ERICO International Corporation 505
4 CVS Caremark 500
5 National Enterprise Systems 500
6 LPS Lender Processing Services 425
7 Cleveland Clinic Solon Center 425
8 Arrow Electronics 330
9 MRI Software LLC 320
10 AMRESCO, Inc 305

Culture[edit]

The Solon Center for the Arts is located in the historic Old City Hall, which has also over the years served as a school, library, and police and fire station.[25]

Performing arts[edit]

Solon is home to an active performing arts community. The Solon Center for the Arts offers classes in art, music, dance, and theater. The center holds a program for seniors entitled "Act II: Aging Creatively through the Arts," for those over 55 interested in theater or music.[26]

The city is also home to the Solon Philharmonic Orchestra, and hosts an annual Young Artists Concerto Competition.[27]

Law and government[edit]

Police department[edit]

The Solon Police Department (SPD)[28] consist of men and women whose job is to serve and protect the city of Solon. The station is located right off of Solon Road and is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The department consists of 46 officers, 14 dispatchers, 16 correction officers, 8 office staff, 1 animal warden, 19 Auxiliary police, and 6 school guards.[29] The station has several services that are broken into 8 different departments, each handle responsibilities that are different than the other departments.

Education[edit]

Solon City Schools[edit]

A majority of children from Solon and neighboring Glenwillow are educated through the acclaimed Solon City Schools public school system. The Solon City School District has been consistently ranked as one of the State of Ohio top 10 school districts[11] as well as receiving praise from publications such as Newsweek,[30] and US News and World Report.[31]

Solon Schools have also received honors such as the Red Quill[32] and Red Quill Legacy[33] awards multiple years from the ACT organization. Schools have also received National Blue Ribbon School recognition, considered one of the highest honors for American schools, many times over the past few decades.[34][35][36][37]

The district contains seven schools:

High School[edit]

Middle School[edit]

  • Solon Middle School

Upper Elementary School[edit]

  • Orchard Middle School

Elementary School[edit]

  • Arthur Road Elementary School
  • Lewis Elementary School
  • Parkside Elementary School
  • Roxbury Elementary School

Private Schools[edit]

St. Rita Catholic School is a private Catholic religious institution, associated with the St. Rita Roman Catholic Parish Church in Solon, that offers elementary, upper elementary, and middle school programs. St. Rita Schools also have a connection to the Solon City Schools, as they have similar school hours, use the Solon School District's buses, etc. St. Rita has also received National Blue Ribbon School designation from the United States government.[38]

Infrastructure[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Solon is home to branches of the Cleveland Clinic,[39] University Hospitals of Cleveland,[40] and Akron Children's Hospital[41] Health Systems.

Recycling program[edit]

Solon has a very active single-stream recycling program. Residents can place all recycling materials (paper, plastics (from 1 through 7), tin, cardboard, and glass) in the same clear bag for curbside pick-up with no need to separate the various materials. Once per month, the city also collects computers, auto batteries, heavy steel (license plates, bed frames etc.), carpet padding, propane cylinders, fire extinguishers, liquids and solids such as paints, oil, household hazardous waste, pool chemicals, fertilizers, etc. The city also has a composting program. They collect leaves, grass clippings, etc. and turn it into compost that is then given back to the citizens at a nominal cost, currently $2.00 per bag, $1.00 for senior citizens.[42]

Notable people[edit]

The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Solon, Ohio.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Office of the Mayor". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "United States Gazetteer Files Database". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Solon Ohio". State and County Quick Facts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Best Places to Live". CNNMoney Money Magazine. 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Best Places to Live". CNNMoney Money Magazine. 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2012. 
  9. ^ Allan, Laura (2014). "These Are The 10 Safest Places In Ohio". Movoto. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ Roskelley, John (January 6, 2014). "The 50 Safest Cities in Ohio". SafeWise. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Final State Report Card Release Confirms Solon Earns Northeast Ohio’s #1 Report Card grade and Excellent with Distinction rating". Solon City School District. February 28, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ D'Addario, Daniel (December 18, 2012). "Best Places to Raise Kids". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ Ewinger, James (August 21, 2013). "Google honors Solon for a business community with online savvy". The Plain Dealer Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "History of Solon Ohio". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Monthly Averages in Solon, Ohio". The Weather Channel. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. 1930. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. United States Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". United States Census Bureau. 1990. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". United States Census Bureau. 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Solon, Ohio (OH) income map, earnings map, and wages data". City-Data.com. 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Solon Ohio Language Information". Language Data Center. Modern Language Association. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  22. ^ "In Ohio, Vice President Biden Discusses Importance of American Jobs Act for Small Businesses, Announces $20 Billion Commitment to Increase Small Business Lending". whiteHouse.gov. September 20, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  23. ^ "The Robbins Company". Robbins. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  24. ^ "When It Gets Down to Business... Solon Gets It! Solon's Major Employers". City of Solon. 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Center for the Arts". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Solon Philharmonic Orchestra". City of Solon. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  27. ^ Traum, Nancy (April 26, 2012). "Solon: A gem beyond the Chagrin Valley". Cleveland Jewish News. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Solon Police Department". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Solon Police Department 2013 Annual Report". City of Solon. 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  30. ^ "America’s Best High Schools". Newsweek. 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Solon High School Overview". US News and World Report. 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Solon High School College Profile". Solon City School District. 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  33. ^ Price, Kyla (February 7, 2013). "Solon only high school in Ohio to receive Red Quill Legacy Award". The Plain Dealer Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  34. ^ "National Blue Ribbon Schools Program Schools Recognized 1982 Through 2013". United States Department of Education. 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  35. ^ Price, Kyla (October 2, 2010). "Solon and Chagrin Falls schools earn Blue Ribbon Award". The Plain Dealer Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  36. ^ Cooper, Mitch (September 26, 2013). "Orchard Middle School Named National Blue Ribbon School". Patch Media. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  37. ^ Pace, Pattie (September 25, 2008). "Solon High gets A Blue Ribbon". The Plain Dealer Cleveland.com. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  38. ^ "St. Rita Catholic School". Retrieved August 22, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Solon Family Health Center". Cleveland Clinic. 
  40. ^ "University Hospitals Solon Health Center". University Hospitals of Cleveland. 
  41. ^ "Akron Children's Hospital Solon Pediatrics". Akron Children's Hospital. 
  42. ^ "Recycling (Single Stream)". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Solon Historical Society., & Charles, C. W. (1992). Pictorial history of Solon, Ohio, 1820-1991. Marceline, MO: Heritage House Pub.
  • Bard, N. P. (1970). Pioneers with web feet. Solon, OH: Solon Sesquicentennial Committee.

External links[edit]