Coalisland

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Coalisland
Scots: Collislann[1]
Irish: Oileán an Ghuail
Funkytown
Coalisland heading south.jpg
View from the north of the town
Coalisland is located in Northern Ireland
Coalisland
 Coalisland shown within Northern Ireland
Population 4,917 (2001 Census)
Irish grid reference H8366
   – Belfast  35 miles 
District Dungannon and South Tyrone
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DUNGANNON
Postcode district BT71
Dialling code 028
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament Mid Ulster
NI Assembly Mid Ulster
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Coordinates: 54°32′31″N 6°41′38″W / 54.542°N 6.694°W / 54.542; -6.694

Coalisland is a small town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, with a population of 4,917 people (in the 2001 Census). Situated 4 miles from Dungannon it is part of Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council. It is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Middle and the civil parishes of Donaghenry and Tullyniskan.[2] Coalisland is also located close to Lough Neagh. As its name suggests, it was formerly a centre for coal mining.

History[edit]

On 24 August 1968, the Campaign for Social Justice (CSJ), the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA), and other groups, held the first 'civil rights march' in Northern Ireland from Coalisland to Dungannon. The rally was officially banned, but took place and passed off without incident. The publicity surrounding the march encouraged other protesting groups to form branches of the NICRA.[3]

The Troubles[edit]

From 1969 to 2001, a total of 20 people were shot in or near Coalisland as part of the Troubles. The British Army killed a total of 8 people, 7 of whom were IRA members, and one a Catholic civilian,[4] and the IRA in turn killed 2 British soldiers, 3 RUC policemen, 3 UDR soldiers, 1 ex-UDR soldier, and 2 Catholic civilians, all in separate incidents. The UVF was responsible for the murder of 1 Catholic in the nearby town of Aughamullan.[5]

Transport[edit]

Canal[edit]

The town was served by a canal (the Coalisland Canal or Tyrone Navigation), although this is now derelict. A campaign for its restoration is underway. A separate navigation Dukart's Canal ran from the town to nearby coalpits.

Rail[edit]

Coalisland railway station was opened on 28 July 1897, closed for passenger traffic on 16 January 1956 and for goods traffic on 5 October 1959, finally closing altogether on 1 April 1965. There is no remains of the railway other than the bridge on the Derry Road and an old goods shed and grown over platforms.[6]

Bus[edit]

Daily bus services operated by ulsterbus go through the town every 15–60 minutes:

80 Dungannon-Cookstown via Coalisland

80A Dungannon-Coalisland

80B Dungannon-Coalisland via Newmills

80C Dungannon-Killeen,County Tyrone

Townlands[edit]

Coalisland sprang up in a townland called Brackaville[7] and, over time, the urban area spread into the neighbouring townlands.

These include:[8]

  • Annagher/Anagher (likely from Eanach Thoir meaning "eastern marsh")
  • Brackaville (likely from Bréachmhaoil meaning "wolf hill")
  • Derry (from Doire meaning "oak grove")
  • Gortgonis (likely from Gort Gonaidh meaning "field of the firewood" or Gort Gabha an Easa meaning "smith's field near the waterfall")
  • Gortnaskea (from Gort na Sceach or Gort na Sgeach meaning "field of the thorns")
  • Lisnastrane (likely from Lios an tSruthan meaning "ringfort of the streamlet")

Education[edit]

Sport[edit]

Demographics[edit]

19th century population[edit]

The population of the village increased during the 19th century:[9][10][11][12]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 451 627 661 598 677 785
Houses 103 120 143 135 159 191

21st century population[edit]

Coalisland is classified by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) as a Small Town (i.e. with population between 4,500 and 10,000 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 4,917 people living in Coalisland. Of these:

  • 29.6% were aged under 16 years and 12.4% were aged 60 and over
  • 48.2% of the population were male and 51.8% were female
  • 95.8% were from a Catholic background and 3.8% were from a Protestant background
  • 4.6% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

For more details see: Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Servicee

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ulster-Scots guide to Moira Station – Department of the Environment
  2. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Relatives for Justice". 
  5. ^ "CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) - List of Deaths". 
  6. ^ "Coalisland station". Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  7. ^ Ordnance Survey Ireland: Online map viewer (choose "historic" to see townland boundaries)
  8. ^ "Northern Ireland Placenames Project". Retrieved 2010-05-30. 
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 22 March 2013.