Constitutional Court of Romania

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Constitutional Court of Romania
Curtea Constituţionalǎ a României
Established 1992
Country  Romania
Location Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Composition method -Senate selection (3 members)
-Chamber of Deputies selection (3 members)
-President selection (3 members)
Authorized by Constitution
Decisions are appealed to 1992 - 2003: Parliament
2003 - present: none
Judge term length 9 years
Number of positions 9
Website http://www.ccr.ro/
President of the Constitutional Court of Romania
Currently Augustin Zegrean
Since 2010
Lead position ends 2016
Jurist term ends 2016

The Constitutional Court of Romania (Romanian: Curtea Constituţională a României) is the institution which rules on whether the laws, decrees or other bills enacted by Romanian authorities are in conformity with the Constitution.

It consists of nine members serving nine-year terms which cannot be extended, with three members each appointed by the President, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Three members are renewed every three years, with the latest renewal occurring in 2013.

Powers[edit]

According to the Article 144 of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court exercises the following powers:

  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of laws, before promulgation, upon notification by the President of Romania, by the President of either Chamber of Parliament, by the Government, the Supreme Court of Justice, by a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators, as well as, ex officio, on initiatives to revise the Constitution
  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of the Standing Orders of Parliament, upon notification by the President of either Chamber, by a parliamentary group or a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators
  • to decide on exceptions brought to the Courts of law as to the unconstitutionality of laws and orders
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the election of the President of Romania and to confirm the ballot returns
  • to ascertain the circumstances which justify the interim in the exercise of office of President of Romania, and to report its findings to Parliament and the Government
  • to give advisory opinion on the proposal to suspend the President of Romania from office
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the organization and holding of a referendum, and to confirm its returns
  • to check on compliance with the conditions for the exercise of the legislative initiative by citizens
  • to decide on objections of unconstitutionality of a political party
Coat of arms of Romania
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Members[edit]

Current structure[edit]

Appointer Name
(Office)
Term start Term end
Senate Mona Pivniceru 2013 2022
Valentin-Zoltán Puskás 2007 2016
Toni Mihail Greblă
(Iulia Antoanella Motoc)
2013
(2010)
2019
(2013)
Chamber of Deputies Valer Dorneanu 2013 2022
Tudorel Toader 2007 2016
Ştefan Minea 2010 2019
President Daniel Morar 2013 2022
Augustin Zegrean
(President)
2007
(2010)
2016
(2016)
Petre Lăzăroiu 2010 2019

History[edit]

Since it was created in 1992, the Constitutional Court had the following composition.[1][2][3]

LEGEND

  • Bolded names denote current members;
  • Italic names denote proposals pending validation
  • d - judge died in office;
  • r - judge resigned.
Years Appointed by the Senate Appointed by the Chamber of Deputies Appointed by the President Court President Years
First term Second term Third term First term Second term Third term First term Second term Third term
1992 Fazakás Miklosd Viorel-Mihai Ciobanu Antonie Iorgovanr Ion Filipescu Victor-Dan Zlătescu Ioan Muraru Vasile Gionea Mihai Constantinescu Florin Bucur Vasilescu 1 Vasile Gionea 1992
1993 1993
1994 1994
1995 1995
Costică Bulai Lucian Stângu Ioan Deleanur 2 Ioan Muraru
1996 1996
Romul Petru Vonica Nicolae Popa
1997 1997
1998 1998
Kozsokár Gábor Constantin Doldurr Lucian Mihair 3 Lucian Mihai
1999 1999
2000 2000
Nicolae Cochinescu Ioan Vida Şerban Viorel Stănoiu Petre Ninosud
2001 2001
4 Nicolae Popa
2002 2002
2003 2003
2004 2004
Ion Predescu Aspazia Cojocaru Acsinte Gaspar 5 Ioan Vida
2005 2005
2006 2006
2007 2007
Valentin-Zoltán Puskás Tudorel Toader Augustin Zegrean Ioan Vida
2008 2008
Petre Lăzăroiu
2009 2009
2010 2010
Ion Predescu
interim
Iulia Antoanella Motoc Ştefan Minea Petre Lăzăroiu 6 Augustin Zegrean
2011 2011
2012 2012
2013 2013
Toni Grebla
2014 7 2014
2015 2015
2016 2016
2017 8 2017
2018 2018
2019 2019

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]