Contents of the United States diplomatic cables leak (Asia and Oceania)

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Content from the United States diplomatic cables leak has depicted Asia and Oceania subjects extensively. The leak, which began on 28 November 2010, occurred when the website of WikiLeaks — an international new media non-profit organisation that publishes submissions of otherwise unavailable documents from anonymous news sources and news leaks — started to publish classified documents of detailed correspondence — diplomatic cables — between the United States Department of State and its diplomatic missions around the world. Since the initial release date, WikiLeaks is releasing further documents every day.

Afghanistan[edit]

Ahmad Zia Massoud[edit]

According to a cable from the American Embassy in Kabul, Vice President of Afghanistan, Ahmad Zia Massoud, was found carrying $52 million in cash that he "was ultimately allowed to keep without revealing the money's origin or destination." The discovery was made in the United Arab Emirates by local authorities working with the Drug Enforcement Administration.[1]

Ahmed Wali Karzai[edit]

A cable recounting meetings between American officials and Ahmed Wali Karzai, in September 2009 and February 2010, offered the following warning: "Note: While we must deal with AWK as the head of the Provincial Council, he is widely understood to be corrupt and a narcotics trafficker". Noting several of Karzai's statements are known to be false, the cables explain that "He appears not to understand the level of our knowledge of his activities. We will need to monitor his activity closely, and deliver a recurring, transparent message to him".[1]

Hamid Karzai[edit]

Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan, was described as "paranoid" in one cable.[2]

German trust fund[edit]

The U.S. military took fifteen percent of the €50 million the German government gave to a trust fund to build up the Afghan National Army.[3]

Bacha bazi[edit]

Employees of US government contractor DynCorp paid for the services of "dancing boys", apparently a euphemistic reference to Bacha bazi, which is considered sexual slavery and child prostitution.[4]

Australia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Rapid Action Battalion[edit]

The United Kingdom has assisted in training the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) an elite anti-crime and anti-terrorism unit of Bangladesh Police which is described by the Human Rights Watch as a "government death squad". It was held responsible for more than 1000 extrajudicial killings. The British training was involved in "investigative interviewing techniques" and "rules of engagement" and conducted by serving British police officers, working under the auspices of the National Policing Improvement Agency (NPIA). However, the U.S. has been aware of this training sessions but its government was constrained by RAB's "alleged human rights violations, which have rendered the organisation ineligible to receive training or assistance [by U.S.]".[5]

2008 Bangladeshi general election[edit]

U.S. officials wanted leaders of both major political parties to participate in the 2008 Bangladeshi general election. A cable referring to a U.S. embassy study said the majority of Bangladeshis were in favor of immediate polls and any attempt to foil an election would not go down well with the masses.[6]

Madrasahs[edit]

Department for International Development (DFID), UK has worked closely with Bangladeshi officials to change the curriculum of Madrasahs (a type of Islamic educational institution) as part of regional counter-terrorism strategies.[7]

Peacekeeping in Africa[edit]

U.S. officials wanted to place Bangladesh peacekeepers under surveillance because of suspicions that Bangladesh was trying to gain influence in Africa through U.N. peacekeeping assignments. It indicates suspicion that Bangladesh's interest in peacekeeping in Africa has more to do with building influence in Africa than goodwill to the U.N.[8]

U.S. concerns[edit]

U.S. officials seemed worried about rising numbers of Muslims, including Bangladeshis in the U.K. and were collecting data about this.[9]

DGFI support for Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami[edit]

The Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI), Bangladeshi military's spy agency, supported Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami — an Islamic fundamentalist terrorist/militant organization — forming a new political party. According to the cables sent by the U.S. Embassy in Dhaka, the DGFI made the attempt to float the Bangladeshi Islamic Democratic Party right before the 2008 Bangladeshi general election.[10]

Burma[edit]

North Korean military involvement[edit]

Burma may be building missile and nuclear sites with the help of North Korea. A Burmese officer said he had witnessed North Korean technicians helping to construct an underground facility in foothills more than 300 miles (480 km) northwest of Rangoon.[11][12][13]

China, People's Republic of[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Corruption[edit]

In 2009, ambassador Richard E. Hoagland quoted people sceptical about an anti-corruption campaign in Kazakhstan.[14] He referred to a political analyst who "sees the recent convictions more as a sign of intra-elite warfare than evidence of a concerted anti-corruption effort" and a "civil society activist" who "describes the discredited officials as 'the weak links in the chain' and believes that the 'real sharks' are continuing to operate with impunity."[15] Hoagland commented, "Corruption is endemic among Kazakhstani officialdom, as it is across the CIS. Blessed with strong tax revenues, government salaries are high in Kazakhstan compared to its neighbors -- for example, Prime Minister Masimov's salary is over $50,000 a year -- but most senior officials live lifestyles that require much higher incomes. In many instances, they receive profits from businesses registered in the names of their spouses or other relatives. In other cases, they're stealing directly from the public trough. The officials taken down by the anti-corruption campaign are thus just a tiny fraction of those with dirt on their hands."[15]

Koreas[edit]

Korean reunification[edit]

North Korea was behaving like a "spoiled child", according to Chinese officials, who were prepared to accept Korean reunification under South Korean leadership. They estimated they could cope with an influx of 300,000 North Korean refugees in the event of instability on the peninsula.[16]

U.S. and South Korea officials have discussed reunification of the two Koreas should the North ultimately collapse, according to the American ambassador to Seoul.[17]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Corruption[edit]

Corruption in Kyrgyzstan was discussed during a meeting in a Bishkek hotel between US ambassador Tatiana Gfoeller, British and Canadian business leaders, and The Duke of York from the United Kingdom.[14] The Ambassador stated, "While claiming that all of them never participated in it and never gave out bribes, one representative of a middle-sized company stated that 'It is sometimes an awful temptation.' In an astonishing display of candor in a public hotel where the brunch was taking place, all of the businessmen then chorused that nothing gets done in Kyrgyzstan if President Bakiyev's son Maxim does not get 'his cut.'"[18] On behalf of Maxim Bakiyev, London law group Carter-Ruck responded to The Guardian that "Mr Bakiyev absolutely denies the allegation."[14]

Manas Air Base[edit]

In February 2009, the U.S. Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan spoke to her Chinese counterpart, Zhang Yannian, after being notified that China had offered Kyrgyzstan $3 billion in return for the closure of Manas Air Base — an important U.S. base in Bishkek handling flights into and out of Afghanistan. She stated that during the encounter "visibly flustered, Zhang temporarily lost the ability to speak Russian and began spluttering in Chinese". He responded with his own proposal to the U.S. on dealing with the Kyrgyz to keep the base open, during which his aide remarked: "Or maybe you should give them $5 billion and buy both us and the Russians out".[19][20]

Malaysia[edit]

Najib Tun Razak[edit]

According to revelations from Singapore diplomats about Malaysia's political scene, Najib Tun Razak, the Prime Minister of Malaysia is believed to be in a predicament over allegations of his involvement in the murder of Mongolian Altantuya Shaaribuu.[21][22]

US officials have expressed their reservations regarding the appearance of Najib as a voice of moderation, citing incidents such as the cowhead's incident in Shah Alam, the use of the term "Allah" in the Malay bible and the Kartika caning incident.[23]

Missing F5 jet engines[edit]

New Wikileaks information showed that the United States was upset that Malaysia did not inform them of missing F-5 engines from their Air Force inventory. There were worries in the US that the jet engines were sold to Iran in contravention of the arms embargo. This was during the tenure of Najib Tun Razak who was then the Defence Minister of Malaysia.[24][25]

Human smuggling[edit]

US government officials are concerned that Malaysian immigration officials working in the Malaysian-Thai border are involved in the trafficking of Burmese nationals.[26]

Racial rhetoric[edit]

Hishammuddin Hussein, the Malaysian Home Minister had suggested to US embassy officials in 2007 that Barisan Nasional component party Malaysian Chinese Association was at fault for being too weak to manage the reaction of non-Malays to the racially-charged rhetoric of the 2006 UMNO general assembly.[27]

Anwar sodomy trial[edit]

US diplomats warned UMNO leaders in 2008 that continued attacks against Pakatan Rakyat, especially regarding the sodomy charges against Anwar Ibrahim were a problem to Barisan Nasional survival saying it was anything but a political conspiracy.[28]

Malaysian firms and Iran[edit]

US officials were told that Malaysian firms go to Iran with suitcases of money to purchase oil and gas concessions from the Iranians. The firms mentioned were national oil company Petronas and SK Ventures led by billionaire Malaysian Syed Mokhtar Al-Buhkary.[1]

Nepal[edit]

China and Tibetan refugees[edit]

China is paying money to Nepal Police to arrest Tibetan refugees fleeing to India.[29]

New Zealand[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Tajikistan[edit]

U.S. interests[edit]

According to diplomatic cables, U.S. interests in Tajikistan include: "a stable state on Afghanistan’s northern border, support for our military efforts in Afghanistan, and for Tajikistan to be a stabilizing influence and contributor to economic development in the region." Further, "Tajikistan gives unrestricted over flight rights, and quickly agreed to NDN (Northern Distribution Network) ground transit". Also, "They have indicated they would be happy for the U.S. establish an air base in Tajikistan. They see U.S. involvement in the region as a bulwark against Afghan instability, and as a cash cow they want a piece of."[30]

Future development[edit]

"Tajikistan must overcome multiple political and economic problems which stymie its own development: poverty, bad relations with Uzbekistan, intense corruption, Soviet-era economic structures and planning, an undemocratic political system, chronic food insecurity, and dependence on migrant labor in Russia", according to diplomatic cables.[30]

Thailand[edit]

Viktor Bout[edit]

In Thailand, Russian associates of alleged arms dealer Viktor Bout tried to block his extradition from Thailand to the U.S. by bribing a key witness in the case, U.S. diplomats warned in secret cables.[31] Abhisit Vejjajiva, Prime Minister of Thailand, was insisting his government was not subject to pressure from Washington to extradite Bout.[31]

Vajiralongkorn[edit]

Officials at Singapore's Ministry of Foreign Affairs described Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn as "very erratic" and asserted that his gambling loans had been paid off by now-exiled former Thailand Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.[32]

Turkmenistan[edit]

Corruption and nepotism[edit]

A December 2007 cable states: "Corruption and nepotism remain problems in Turkmenistan, and Turkish firms and Bouygues have done particularly well in the lucrative construction industry because they have mastered the business environment here."[33]

According to a 2008 cable, the reported gift by Russian company Itera to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow of a yacht worth €60 million 'serves as a sign that the company's willingness to go to great lengths to win business should not be underestimated'.[34]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Corruption, human rights and organized crime[edit]

Uzbekistan is described as a world of "rampant corruption", organised crime, forced labour in the cotton fields, and torture.[35]

After Hillary Clinton presented a Women of Courage award in Washington, D.C., to a newly released Uzbek human-rights campaigner, Mutabar Tadjibayeva, Uzbekistani President Islam Karimov was displeased with the incident. This included an "implicit threat to suspend transit of cargo for U.S. forces in Afghanistan via the Northern Distribution Network" by Karimov. Richard Norland, U.S. Ambassador to Uzbekistan, claimed to have calmed Karimov down, but warned Washington, "Clearly, pressuring him (especially publicly) could cost us transit."[35]

Gulnara Karimova, the president's first daughter, is said to own a wide variety of businesses in Uzbekistan, which were the result of unfair takeovers, and is believed to be "the single most hated person in the country".[36][37] Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva, the president's youngest daughter, is described to be frequenting the nightclub Barkhan on a near-nightly basis, and the diplomatic cable quotes: "Barkhan ownership is obviously well connected, as it's the only place in town that flaunts selling non-Uzbekistan produced hard alcohol, which is against the law."[38]

One diplomatic cable states, "[t]enders and government positions can be fairly easily secured by paying the right amount of money to the appropriate individual"[39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (registration required) Shane, Scott; Lehren, Andrew W. (28 November 2010). "Cables Shine Light Into Secret Diplomatic Channels". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  2. ^ Connolly, Kevin; Fisher, Jonah; Kennedy, Duncan; Donnison, Jon; Head, Jonathan; Wood, Paul; Evans, Stephen (29 November 2010). "Wikileaks: US Allies Unruffled by Embassy Cable Leaks". BBC News. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Traynor, Ian (2 December 2010). "Germany Accuses US over 'Missing' Afghan Funds, WikiLeaks Cables Show". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Boone, Jon (2 December 2010). "Foreign Contractors Hired Afghan "Dancing Boys," WikiLeaks Cable Reveals — Episode Fuelled Afghan Demands That Private Security Firms Be Brought Much More under Government Control". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Fariha Karim and Ian Cobain (22 December 2010). "WikiLeaks cables: Bangladeshi 'death squad' trained by UK government". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Staff writer (18 December 2010). "US Wanted Both Leaders in Polls". bdnews24. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Fariha Karim (21 December 2010). "WikiLeaks cables: UK hopes to influence Islamic education in Bangladesh". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Staff writer (17 December 2010). "Watch Bangladesh's UN Troops: US". bdnews24. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Staff writer (17 December 2010). "Muslims in UK 'Worry for US'". bdnews24. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  10. ^ Staff writer (17 December 2010). "DGFI Wanted Extremists in Mainstream Politics". bdnews24. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  11. ^ Staff writer (9 December 2010). "Wikileaks: North Korea 'Helps Burma with Nuclear Sites'". BBC News. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  12. ^ Staff writer (10 December 2010). "Myanmar 'Building Nuclear Sites' — Leaked US Diplomatic Cables Say Suspicious Construction Took Place in Remote Jungles, Aided by North Korean Workers". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  13. ^ MacAskill, Ewen (9 December 2010). "WikiLeaks Cables Suggest Burma Is Building Secret Nuclear Sites — Fears of Bomb Plan as Witnesses Tell US Embassy that North Koreans Are Involved with Underground Facility in Jungle". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  14. ^ a b c Leigh, David; Heather Brooke; Rob Evans (29 November 2010). "WikiLeaks cables: 'Rude' Prince Andrew shocks US ambassador". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  15. ^ a b Hoagland, Richard (22 April 2009). Government's anti-corruption campaign — sweeping effort or selective targeting?. WikiLeaks. Archived from WikiLeaks cable:09ASTANA677 the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  16. ^ Tisdall, Simon (29 November 2010). "Wikileaks Cables Reveal China 'Ready To Abandon North Korea' — Leaked Dispatches Show Beijing Is Frustrated with Military Actions of 'Spoiled Child' and Increasingly Favours Reunified Korea". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  17. ^ (registration required) Cables Obtained by WikiLeaks Shine Light Into Secret Diplomatic Channels. The New York Times.
  18. ^ Gfoeller, Tatiana (29 October 2008). Candid discussion with Prince Andrew on the Kyrgyz economy and the "Great Game". WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable:08BISHKEK1095. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  19. ^ "Chinese Ambassador Flustered by Kyrgyz Allegations of Money for Closing Manas". US Embassy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. 13 February 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010. [clarification needed]
  20. ^ Trilling, David (29 November 2010). "China Gives U.S. Base Advice — Wikileaks". Eurasianet. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  21. ^ Zahiid, Syed Jaymal (14 December 2010). "WikiLeaks Can Be Double-Edge Sword for Najib". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  22. ^ "The verbatim cables". Asia Sentinel. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  23. ^ Letters from readers (2011-06-22). "US cable: Debate remains on Najib’s real aims". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  24. ^ Wikileaks reveals Malaysian air force over up of F-5 jet engines which turned up in Uruguay http://en.mercopress.com/2011/04/19/wikileaks-reveals-malaysian-air-force-over-up-of-f-5-jet-engines-which-turned-up-in-uruguay
  25. ^ WikiLeaks: WikiLeaks: Malaysia didn’t inform US of missing jet engines http://buzzleak.com/wikileaks-wikileaks-malaysia-didn%E2%80%99t-inform-us-of-missing-jet-engines/
  26. ^ "Wikileaks: Immigration dept linked to human trafficking". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  27. ^ Teoh, Shannon (2011-08-31). "Cable: Hisham blamed MCA for not containing Umno fallout". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  28. ^ Letters from readers (2011-07-22). "‘Umno clueless about its folly’". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  29. ^ "China paying Nepal to nab Tibetan refugees: WikiLeaks". The Times of India. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  30. ^ a b Quast, Necia (16 February 2010). Corrected Copy — Tajikistan Scenesetter for Visit of SRAP Holbrooke. WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable:10DUSHANBE173. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 
  31. ^ a b Staff writer (2 December 2010). "US Cables Reveal Bribe Fears in Thai Bout Arms Case". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  32. ^ Dorling, Philip; McKenzie, Nick (12 December 2010). "Top Singapore Officials Trash the Neighbours". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  33. ^ Turkmenistan Corruption: What Happens In Ashgabat, Stays In Ashgabat. WikiLeaks. 14 December 2007. WikiLeaks cable:07ASHGABAT1348. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  34. ^ "US embassy cables: President of Turkmenistan wanted 'Abramovich-style' yacht". London: The Guardian. 2 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  35. ^ a b Leigh, David (12 December 2010). "WikiLeaks Cables: US Keeps Uzbekistan President Onside To Protect Supply Line — Leaked Dispatches Reveal Need To Maintain Supply Route in State Riddled with Organised Crime, Forced Labour and Torture". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  36. ^ Purnell, Jon R. (28 January 2005). Gulnora Inc. strikes again WikiLeaks cable 05TASHKENT284. WikiLeaks. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  37. ^ Purnell, Jon R. (13 September 2005). Gulnora Karimova Looks To Improve Her Image WikiLeaks cable 05TASHKENT2473. WikiLeaks. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  38. ^ Purnell, Jon R. (26 November 2004). First daughter Lola (Karimova) cuts lose [sic]. WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable:04TASHKENT318. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  39. ^ Copy of diplomatic cable dated 5 May 2006 (12 December 2010). "US Embassy Cables: Mafia Boss Fixes Uzbekistan Tenders, Embassy Told". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 December 2010.

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