Costante Girardengo

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Costante Girardengo
Girardengo.jpg
Personal information
Full name Costante Girardengo
Nickname Campionissimo no.1
Born (1893-03-18)18 March 1893
Novi Ligure, Italy
Died 9 February 1978(1978-02-09) (aged 84)
Cassano Spinola, Italy
Team information
Discipline Road
Role Rider
Professional team(s)
1912–1913 Maino
1914 Automoto-Continental/Maino
1915–1918 Bianchi
1919–1921 Stucchi
1922 Bianchi
1923 Maino/Gürtner-Hutchinson
1924 Maino
1925–1927 Wolsit-Pirelli
1928 Maino/Opel-Torpado
1929–1932 Maino
1933 Maino/Girardengo-Clément
1934–1936 Maino
Major wins

Grand Tours

Giro d'Italia
General Classification (1919, 1923)
30 stages

One-day races and Classics

Italian National Road Race Championship (1913, 1914, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925)
Milan – San Remo (1918, 1921, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1928)
Giro di Lombardia (1919, 1921, 1922)
Infobox last updated on
June 11, 2008

Costante Girardengo (Italian pronunciation: [kosˈtante dʒirarˈdeŋɡo]; 18 March 1893 - 9 February 1978) was an Italian professional road bicycle racer, considered by many to be one of the finest riders in the history of the sport. He was the first rider to be declared a "Campionissimo" or "champion of champions" by the Italian media and fans. At the height of his popularity in the 1920s he was said to be more popular than Mussolini and it was decreed that all express trains should stop in his home town Novi Ligure, an honour only normally awarded to heads of state.[1]

His career achievements include two wins in the Giro d'Italia, six wins in Milan – San Remo, three wins in the Giro di Lombardia; he was also Italian road race champion on nine occasions. His professional career was extensive, lasting from 1912 to 1936 and was interrupted by World War I which robbed Girardengo of some of his best years. He was ranked number one in the World in 1919, 1922, 1923, 1925 and 1926. He raced almost exclusively in his home country as was the custom in those days, as foreign travel was not easy. Girardengo was of only small stature and this earned him the nickname "The Novi Runt".[1]

Career[edit]

Born in Novi Ligure (province of Alessandria, Piedmont), Costante Girardengo turned professional in 1913 at the age of 20 for the Maino-Dunlop team after impressing as an amateur the previous year by finishing runner up in the Tour of Tuscany. He met with immediate success winning a stage in the Giro d’Italia (his first of 30 stage wins in the Giro) and becoming Italian road race champion. He repeated these successes in 1914 and also took his first of his five wins in Milano–Torino. 1914 saw Girardengo win the longest ever stage in the Giro d'Italia, a 430 kilometre leg between Lucca and Rome.[2] Later that same year Girardengo took part in the Tour de France for the only time in his career, riding as a guest for the Automoto team he crashed several times in stages five and six and abandoned the race.[3] 1915 saw him take another win in Milano–Torino but Milan – San Remo resulted in disappointment when he was disqualified after winning the race for going off course.

Much of the professional cycle racing was stopped after 1915 because of the First World War and it was not until 1918 that Girardengo took another win, taking the first of his six victories in Milan – San Remo, a record which Eddy Merckx eventually eclipsed over 50 years later. He also finished in the first three of the same race every year from 1917 to 1926 and was first over the Turchino Pass on five occasions. His post 1918 form was all the more remarkable as during the First World War Girardengo had contracted Spanish flu and nearly died, his manager believing a survivor of that disease could not race properly refused at one point to renew his licence.[4]

Girardengo took the first of his Giro d’Italia wins in 1919 (including seven stage wins), however his form in the Giro was not always good and he abandoned the race in the early stages in 1920, 1921 and 1922 before dominating in 1923. 1923 was undoubtedly Girardengo’s best year with 16 victories, he took his second Giro d’Italia win including eight of the ten stages as well as many of the top Italian one day races. Despite racing in Italy for most of his career, Girardengo had a burning desire to win Paris–Roubaix, he first raced there in 1921 but he was unlucky on several occasions, breaking his bike when well placed and never coming close to winning. In 1924 Girardengo won the GP Wolber in France, then regarded as the unofficial World Championship.

Girardengo finished runner up in the inaugural World Championship road race held on the Nürburgring in Germany in 1927, the four man Italian team also included Alfredo Binda, Gaetano Belloni and Domenico Piemontesi, the Italians worked perfectly as a team with Binda breaking away 20 miles from the finish to win comfortably, the Italians filled the first four places on that rainy day in Germany. He took his sixth win in Milan – San Remo in 1928 and this was his last big victory on the road although he continued riding until the 1936 season when he retired at the age of 43.

After his retirement Girardengo became involved as a coach of the professional Maino team. He also became the head coach of the Italian national squad for a time, advising Gino Bartali when he won the 1938 Tour de France.[5] Later on he gave his name “Girardengo” to a brand of motorbikes manufactured between 1951 and 1954 in the northern Italian city of Alessandria.

He has been immortalised in Italian popular culture through the critically acclaimed song "Il Bandito e il Campione" by Francesco De Gregori that juxtaposes his life with that of his childhood friend the notorious bandit and outlaw Sante Pollastri.

He died in 1978 at Cassano Spinola, just outside Novi Ligure, at the age of 84.

Career highlights[edit]

1913
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
1914
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Milano–Torino
1915
Milano–Torino
1918
Milan – San Remo
Giro dell'Emilia
1919
Jersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia
Giro di Lombardia
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro del Piemonte
Giro dell'Emilia
Milano–Torino
1920
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro del Piemonte
Milano–Torino
1921
Milan – San Remo
Giro di Lombardia
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro dell'Emilia
1922
Giro di Lombardia
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro dell'Emilia
Giro di Romagna
1923
Jersey pink.svg Giro d'Italia
Milan – San Remo
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Milano–Torino
Giro del Veneto
Giro di Toscana
1924
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro del Piemonte
Giro del Veneto
Giro di Toscana
GP Wolber
1925
Milan – San Remo
Italy Italian National Road Race Championship
Giro dell'Emilia
Giro del Veneto
1926
Milan – San Remo
Giro di Romagna
Giro del Veneto
1928
Milan – San Remo

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A Century of Cycling" Page 48 (Gives info on Express trains and "Novi Runt").
  2. ^ www.cycling4all.com. States that Girardengo won longest ever Giro stage in 1914.
  3. ^ www.bikeraceinfo.com. Details 1914 Tour de France participation.
  4. ^ "European Cycling" Page 8 (Gives info on Spanish Flu).
  5. ^ www.museociclismo.it. Gives info on Coach of Maino team and Italian national coach.