Council of Agriculture (Republic of China)

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Council of Agriculture

農業委員會
Nóngyè Wěiyuánhuì
Council of Agriculture logo.png
Agency overview
Formed 1912 (as Ministry of Basic Industries)
20 July 1984 (as COA)[1]
Preceding agencies Agriculture Bureau
Council for Agricultural Planning and Development
Jurisdiction  Republic of China
Headquarters Zhongzheng, Taipei
Ministers responsible Chen Bao-ji, Minister
Wang Cheng-teng, Deputy Minister[2]
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.coa.gov.tw
Council of Agriculture

The Council of Agriculture (COA; Chinese: 農業委員會; pinyin: Nóngyè Wěiyuánhuì) is the official government body in the Republic of China (ROC) under the Executive Yuan in charged with overseeing affairs related to agriculture, forestry, fishery, animal husbandry and food affairs in Taiwan.[3]

History[edit]

In 1912, the Ministry of Basic Industries was created after the establishment of the Provisional Government of the ROC. The ministry was in charge for agriculture, forestry, industry and commerce in China. After the Beiyang Government was established in the same year, the ministry was divided into two office, one is to oversee the agriculture and forestry, and the other is to oversee the industry and commerce. In 1914, the two offices reemerged to become the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce. In 1925, the Ministry of Basic Industries was installed but renamed to Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery. In 1930, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery and Ministry of Industry and Commerce were combined to formed the Ministry of Basic Industries. In 1938, the ministry was changed to Ministry of Economic Affairs with the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was placed under it. In 1940, the department was expanded to become Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. In 1941, the ministry was changed to Agriculture and Forestry Administration. In 1949, the Department of Agriculture was created under the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) in which it was later renamed to Department of Agriculture and Forestry. In November 1981, the Department of Agriculture and Forestry was upgraded to Agriculture Bureau of the MOEA.

On the other hand, there was the Sino-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction (JCRR) established in Nanking in 1948. After the Chinese civil war, the JCRR moved to Taiwan. In 1978, the JCRR was changed to the Council for Agricultural Planning and Development (CAPD) under the Executive Yuan. On 20 July 1984, both of the CAPD and the Agriculture Bureau were merged to become the Council of Agriculture.[1]

Organization structures[edit]

  • Department of Planning
  • Department of Animal Industry
  • Department of Farmers’ Services
  • Department of International Affairs
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of Irrigation and Engineering
  • Secretariat
  • Personnel Office
  • Accounting Office
  • Civil Service Ethics Office
  • Legal Affairs Committee
  • Petitions and Appeals Committee
  • Information Management Center[4]

Agencies[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Chen Bao-ji, the incumbent Minister of Council of Agriculture

Transportation[edit]

The council is accessible within walking distance West from Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About COA". Council of Agriculture. 
  2. ^ "DOH rings bird flu alarm bells". Taipei Times. 2014-04-30. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  3. ^ "About COA - Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan)". Eng.coa.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  4. ^ "About COA - Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan)". Eng.coa.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  5. ^ "About COA - Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan)". Eng.coa.gov.tw. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2014-05-07.