Csanád County

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Csanád County
Csanád vármegye
Comitatul Cenad
Comitatus Chanadiensis
Komitat Tschanad
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Csanád

Coat of arms

Location of Csanád
Capital Makó
46°13′N 20°29′E / 46.217°N 20.483°E / 46.217; 20.483Coordinates: 46°13′N 20°29′E / 46.217°N 20.483°E / 46.217; 20.483
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 1,714 km2 (662 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 145,200 
Density 84.7 /km2  (219.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Romania

Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Romania and southeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Makó.

Geography[edit]

Csanád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Békés, Arad and Torontál. The river Mureş/Maros formed its southern border. Its area was 1715 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Csanád county was formed before the 11th century and was named after Castle Csanád, which in turn was named after its first comes, a cousin of Saint Stephen. The Diocese of Csanád was one of the oldest in Hungary. Its first bishop was Saint Gellért.

In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small area in the southeast of the county (Nădlac and Şeitin) to Romania. The rest of the county was united with parts of Torontál county (a small area south of Szeged) and Arad county (a small area south of Békéscsaba) to form the new county of Csanád-Arad-Torontál.

After World War II, Csanád-Arad-Torontál county was divided between the Hungarian counties of Békés and Csongrád. The Romanian part of former Csanád county is now part of the Romanian county of Arad.

Demographics[edit]

Csanád county was one of the most densely populated counties of the Hungarian Kingdom.The Hungarians formed an ethnic majority in every district except for the district Nagylak. The main part of the Slovaks and Romanians lived in the district Nagylak, the Serbs in the district Battonya.

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 140,007 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 145,249 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csanád county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Battonya Battonya
Központ Makó
Mezőkovácsháza Mezőkovácsháza
Nagylak Nagylak, RO Nădlac
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Makó

The town of Nădlac is now in Romania; the other towns mentioned are now in Hungary.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 

External links[edit]

Heraldry [1]