Disdyakis triacontahedron

Disdyakis triacontahedron

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Type Catalan
Conway notation mD or dbD
Coxeter diagram
Face polygon
scalene triangle
Faces 120
Edges 180
Vertices 62 = 12 + 20 + 30
Face configuration V4.6.10
Symmetry group Ih, H3, [5,3], (*532)
Rotation group I, [5,3]+, (532)
Dihedral angle 164° 53' 17"
Dual polyhedron truncated icosidodecahedron
Properties convex, face-transitive

Net

In geometry, a disdyakis triacontahedron, or hexakis icosahedron is a Catalan solid with 120 faces and the dual to the Archimedean truncated icosidodecahedron. As such it is face uniform but with irregular face polygons. It looks a bit like an inflated rhombic triacontahedron—if one replaces each face of the rhombic triacontahedron with a single vertex and four triangles in a regular fashion one ends up with a disdyakis triacontahedron. That is, the disdyakis triacontahedron is the Kleetope of the rhombic triacontahedron. It also has the most faces among the Archimedean and Catalan solids, with the snub dodecahedron, with 92 faces, in second place.

If the bipyramids and the trapezohedra are excluded, the disdyakis triacontahedron has the most faces of any other strictly convex polyhedron where every face of the polyhedron has the same shape.

Symmetry

The edges of the polyhedron projected onto a sphere form ten great circles, and represent all ten mirror planes of reflective Ih icosahedral symmetry, as shown in this image. Combining pairs of light and dark triangles define the fundamental domains of the nonreflective (I) icosahedral symmetry.

Orthogonal projections

The disdyakis triacontahedron has three types of vertices which can be centered in orthogonally projection:

Projective Image Dual symmetry image [2] [6] [10]

Related polyhedra

Family of uniform icosahedral polyhedra
Symmetry: [5,3], (*532) [5,3]+, (532)
{5,3} t{5,3} r{5,3} 2t{5,3}=t{3,5} 2r{5,3}={3,5} rr{5,3} tr{5,3} sr{5,3}
Duals to uniform polyhedra
V5.5.5 V3.10.10 V3.5.3.5 V5.6.6 V3.3.3.3.3 V3.4.5.4 V4.6.10 V3.3.3.3.5

It is topologically related to a polyhedra sequence defined by the face configuration V4.6.2n. This group is special for having all even number of edges per vertex and form bisecting planes through the polyhedra and infinite lines in the plane, and continuing into the hyperbolic plane for any $n \ge 7.$

With an even number of faces at every vertex, these polyhedra and tilings can be shown by alternating two colors so all adjacent faces have different colors.

Each face on these domains also corresponds to the fundamental domain of a symmetry group with order 2,3,n mirrors at each triangle face vertex.

Dimensional family of omnitruncated polyhedra and tilings: 4.6.2n
Symmetry
*n32
[n,3]
Spherical Euclidean Compact hyperbolic Paracompact
*232
[2,3]
D3h
*332
[3,3]
Td
*432
[4,3]
Oh
*532
[5,3]
Ih
*632
[6,3]
P6m
*732
[7,3]
*832
[8,3]...
*∞32
[∞,3]
Coxeter
Schläfli

tr{2,3}

tr{3,3}

tr{4,3}

tr{5,3}

tr{6,3}

tr{7,3}

tr{8,3}

tr{∞,3}
Omnitruncated
figure
Vertex figure 4.6.4 4.6.6 4.6.8 4.6.10 4.6.12 4.6.14 4.6.16 4.6.∞
Dual figures
Coxeter
Omnitruncated
duals
Face
configuration
V4.6.4 V4.6.6 V4.6.8 V4.6.10 V4.6.12 V4.6.14 V4.6.16 V4.6.∞