EE-9 Cascavel

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EE-9 Cascavel
Cascavel EE-009.JPG
EE-9 Cascavel of the Colombian Army
Type Armoured car
Place of origin Brazil
Service history
Wars
Production history
Manufacturer Engesa
Specifications
Weight 10,900 kg empty, 13,400 kg combat
Length 5.2 m hull, 6.2 m overall
Width 2.64 m
Height 2.68 m
Crew 3

Armor 6–12 mm two-layer steel plating
Main
armament
1 × 90 mm cannon
Secondary
armament
1 × 7.62 mm MG (coaxial), 1 × 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm (AA)
Engine Detroit Diesel 6V-53N, 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel
212 hp
Suspension 6×6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive
Operational
range
880 km
Speed 100 km/h

The EE-9 Cascavel (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɐʃ.kɐ.ˈvɛɫ], translated to Rattlesnake) is a six-wheeled Brazilian armoured car developed primarily for reconnaissance. It was engineered by Engesa in 1970 as a replacement for the Brazil's ageing fleet of M8 Greyhounds. The vehicle was first fitted with the Greyhound's 37mm main gun and subsequently with a French turret adopted from the Panhard AML-90. Later models carry unique Engesa turrets with a Belgian 90mm Cockerill Mk.3 cannon produced under licence.[1]

The Cascavel shares many components with the EE-11 Urutu, its armoured personnel carrier counterpart; both entered production in 1974 and are now operated by over 20 nations in South America, Africa, and the Middle East.[1] Rights to the design were also sold to the American FMC Corporation.[2]

About 2,767 Cascavels and Urutus were manufactured before Engesa declared bankruptcy in 1993.[1]

History[edit]

The EE-9 Cascavel was developed in Brazil by Engesa, S. José dos Campos (São Paulo), according to specifications of the Brazilian army. The EE-9 was designed as a replacement to the M8 Greyhound.

The EE-9 was a huge export success, being sold to numerous countries in South America and the Middle East. Most of these vehicles were manufactured in 1983.[citation needed]

The EE-9 is still in service in several countries and currently the Brazilian Army is running a modernisation program for the EE-9 and the EE-11, enabling them to remain in service until at least 2020.

Variants[edit]

Cascavel I "Magro" on display at Museu Militar Conde de Linhares in Rio de Janeiro
  • Cascavel I: Known as "Cascavel Magro" (Thin Rattlesnake). Initial vehicles are armed with the 37 mm gun from the old M3 light tanks.
  • Cascavel II: Known as "Cascavel Gordo" (Fat Rattlesnake). Turret ring widened so it could use the French H 90 turret with a 90 mm DEFA D 921 gun for export.
  • Cascavel III: Equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.
  • Cascavel IV: New engine and transmission, improved day and night optics with laser rangefinder, and a 12.7 mm antiaircraft MG.

New life[edit]

The new engine used in the prototype of Urutu generates 230 hp, giving a power gain of 72 hp against the old engine's 158 hp.

  • The prototype reached a top speed of 110 km/h on clear surface and proved capable of reaching 80 km/h in an off-road situation.

Operators[edit]

Operators of the EE-9 Cascavel, past and present.

Former Operators[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ogorkiewicz, Richard (2015). Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472806703. 
  2. ^ Latin American Research Review Volume 26, Number 3, Pages 83
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ "Why Russia". Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H. A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb (November 30, 2001 ed.). Praeger Publishers. p. 62. ISBN 0-275-96936-3. 
  6. ^ Zimbabwe Army crippled: Report exposes decay

External links[edit]