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EE-9 Cascavel of the Colombian Army
|Place of origin||Brazil|
|Weight||10,900 kg empty, 13,400 kg combat|
|Length||5.2 m hull, 6.2 m overall|
|Armor||6–12 mm two-layer steel plating|
|1 × 90 mm cannon|
|1 × 7.62 mm MG (coaxial), 1 × 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm (AA)|
|Engine||Detroit Diesel 6V-53N, 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel
|Suspension||6×6 Engesa Double Axle Boomerand Drive|
The EE-9 Cascavel is a 6×6 armoured car developed in the 1970s by Engesa of Brazil. It shares many components with the EE-11 Urutu APC. The suspension includes Engesa's Boomerang double-axle rear drive.
The most common configuration, the Cascavel III, is equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.
"Cascavel" is the Portuguese word for "rattlesnake".
The EE-9 Cascavel was developed in Brazil by Engesa, S. José dos Campos (São Paulo), according to specifications of the Brazilian army. The EE-9 was designed as a replacement to the M8 Greyhound.
The EE-9 was a huge export success, being sold to numerous countries in South America and the Middle East. Most of these vehicles were manufactured in 1983.
The EE-9 is still in service in several countries and currently the Brazilian Army is running a modernisation program for the EE-9 and the EE-11, enabling them to remain in service until at least 2020.
- Cascavel I: Known as "Cascavel Magro" (Thin Rattlesnake). Initial vehicles are armed with the 37 mm gun from the old M3 light tanks.
- Cascavel II: Known as "Cascavel Gordo" (Fat Rattlesnake). Turret ring widened so it could use the French H 90 turret with a 90 mm DEFA D 921 gun for export.
- Cascavel III: Equipped with an Engesa turret mounting a 90 mm Belgian Cockerill Mk 3 gun produced under licence.
- Cascavel IV: New engine and transmission, improved day and night optics with laser rangefinder, and a 12.7 mm antiaircraft MG.
The new engine used in the prototype of Urutu generates 230 hp, giving a power gain of 72 hp against the old engine's 158 hp.
- The prototype reached a top speed of 110 km/h on clear surface and proved capable of reaching 80 km/h in an off-road situation.
- Bolivia: 24
- Brazil: Principal user/builder, 600 units.
- Burkina Faso: Unknown Number
- Burma: 150
- Colombia: 120
- Cyprus: 126
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: Unknown Number
- Dominican Republic: 20
- Ecuador: 28
- Gabon: 14
- Guyana: 6
- Iran: 35
- Iraq: 400; 35 operational.
- Libya: 500
- Nigeria: 75
- Paraguay: 28
- Qatar: 20
- Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
- Suriname: 6
- Tunisia: 24
- Uruguay: 15
- Zimbabwe: 90; 10 operational and 77 reserve.
Iraqi Cascavel hit by tank fire during Operation Desert Storm
- "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Why Russia". Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- Cordesman, Anthony H. A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb (November 30, 2001 ed.). Praeger Publishers. p. 62. ISBN 0-275-96936-3.
- Zimbabwe Army crippled: Report exposes decay
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to EE-9 Cascavel.|
- EE-9 at GlobalSecurity.org
- EE-9 Cascavel Véhicule blindé léger (EE-9 Cascavel Light Armoured Vehicle) at Armyrecognition.com (French translated to English)