Edmonton Valley Zoo

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Edmonton Valley Zoo
One of the 8 variations of the logo.
Date opened July 1, 1959[1]
Location Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Coordinates 53°30′41″N 113°33′14″W / 53.51139°N 113.55389°W / 53.51139; -113.55389
Land area 0.18 km2 (0.069 sq mi)
Number of animals 350 [2]
Number of species 100
Memberships CAZA
Website www.valleyzoo.ca

The Edmonton Valley Zoo is a zoo located in the heart of Edmonton, Alberta's river valley. The Edmonton Valley Zoo is owned and operated by the City of Edmonton and is open 364 days a year, only closing on Christmas. The zoo is currently accredited by the Canadian Association of Zoos and Aquariums and is one of three accredited zoos in Alberta.[3]

The Valley Zoo opened on July 1, 1959 as a replacement for a previous Edmonton Zoo (Borden Park Zoo) which was torn down to expand Northlands Park (now Northlands). The zoo is home to over 350 exotic and native animals and houses over 100 different species. In 2007, the Edmonton Valley Zoo launched the Makira Conservation Fund Initiative in honour of their newly unveiled lemur habitat, aptly named the Makira Outpost after the Makira forest region in Madagascar.[4] In addition to this cause, the zoo also raises funds and awareness for other endangered animals such as red pandas, through the Red Panda Network,[5] and various other conservation efforts.[6] This facility also actively promotes animal conservation through its participation in the Species Survival Plan,[7] an international effort led by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association which ultimately aims to restore endangered animal populations to the wild, for a variety of species. They have successfully raised six red panda cubs since 2007[5]

The Edmonton Valley Zoo's 2005 Master Plan was approved by Edmonton City Council, allocating $50 million in capital funding. With the first project, Arctic Shores completed, the second phase, The Wander Trail, is planned for a 2013 opening.[8]

Exhibits[edit]

Valley Zoo is located in Edmonton
Valley Zoo
Valley Zoo
Location of Valley Zoo in Edmonton
  • Inner Zoo. The Inner Zoo is the area of the zoo that was originally the Storyland Valley Zoo. The vast majority of the area was constructed in 1959. Animals that live within this area of the zoo during summer include: American white pelicans, capybara, emus, waterfowl, spider and squirrel monkeys, alpaca, callimicos, North American river otters, red pandas, guinea pigs, and also includes a petting zoo filled with many domestic farm and pet animals. Only the otters, alpacas, and red pandas are located in Inner Zoo during the winter.
  • Makira Outpost. Makira Outpost is a new exhibit just opened up in the summer of 2007 and is home to the zoos lemurs. The new exhibit uses many new exhibit methods. The lemurs have access to a large outdoor island with two large elm trees for climbing. It also has two outdoor enclosures that have zoomesh a nearly invisible mesh. The indoor enclosures are huge and benefit from lots of natural light. The animals housed in Makira outpost include: ring-tailed lemurs, African spurred tortoise, and ted-fronted lemurs.
  • Carnivore Alley. The Carnivore Alley is home to majority of the zoo's carnivores. Here one can see swift foxes, coatimundi, snow leopards, Amur tigers, Arctic wolves and an African serval cat.
  • Elephant House and Exhibit. The Valley Zoo's Elephant House is home to Lucy, a female Asian elephant who was orphaned in Sri Lanka in 1975 and came to the zoo at the age of two.
  • Saito Center. The Saito Center is named after the zoo's former veterinarian who died shortly before construction of the building. Originally designed as a new winter holding building it now houses all the zoo's fragile animals. It is winter home to all of the zoo's primate species as well.It is also home to the reptile and nocturnal wing, and many of the zoo's smaller animals.
  • African Veldt. The African veldt is home to addax, pygmy zebu cattle, and Grevy's zebras.
  • Back Paddocks. The back paddocks are home to the zoos larger hoof stock and include Bactrian camel, West Caucasian turs, guanacos, bighorn sheep, pony rides, and a Sichuan takin group. Sichuan takins are very rare and only two other zoos in Canada house them.
  • Birds of Prey. The Birds of Prey area features "non-releasable" raptors in flight shows and outreach programs. Some highlight species include bald eagle, peregrine falcon, and snowy owls.

Controversy[edit]

Lucy is a female Asian elephant currently residing at the Valley Zoo

The residence of Lucy the elephant at the Valley Zoo has been a source of controversy since 2009. Animal welfare groups such as Zoocheck[9] opposed on keeping a lone elephant in a zoo, since elephants are a highly social species, and that Edmonton's cold climate is unhealthy for elephants. Lucy exhibits psychological health issues, including lethargy and abnormal stereotypical behaviours, such as rocking back and forth.[citation needed]

A number of North American zoos have phased out elephants, including the Toronto zoo when it moved three elephants in October 2013 to the United States.[10][better source needed][11]

The Edmonton Valley Zoo, for its part, argues that moving Lucy would be detrimental to her health, although officials have not disclosed the nature of her health issue. In 2013 and 2014, activists are challenging the zoo to substantiate this claim, and a petition[12] is being circulated to have Lucy examined by an expert.

Retired game show host and animal rights activist Bob Barker has also advocated for Lucy's transfer.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edmonton Journal, [1], New Zoo Opens Doors Wednesday, June 30, 1959, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  2. ^ City of Edmonton, [2], Edmonton Valley Zoo, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  3. ^ CAZA, [3], CAZA Members Directory - Alberta, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  4. ^ City of Edmonton, [4], Makira Conservation Fund, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  5. ^ a b City of Edmonton, [5], Red Panda Network, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  6. ^ City of Edmonton, [6], Conservation & Environment, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  7. ^ City of Edmonton, [7], Species Survival Plan, Retrieved on May 16, 2011
  8. ^ "Construction". About Our Zoo. The City of Edmonton. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Zoocheck
  10. ^ "Phasing out Elephants?". Zoocheck Canada. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Former Toronto Zoo elephants begin new life in California". CBC News. October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ petition[dead link]
  13. ^ Landry, Frank (February 24, 2009). "Bob Barker wants Edmonton elephant moved". Canoe.ca. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]