Energy in Moldova

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Energy in Moldova describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Moldova.

Moldova lacks domestic sources of fossil energy and must import substantial amounts of petroleum, coal, natural gas, and other energy resources.

Overview[edit]

Moldova imports all of its supplies of petroleum, coal, and natural gas, largely from Russia.

Moldova was an observer to the Treaty establishing Energy Community from the outset (2006). Following its interest in full membership, the European Commission was mandated to carry out accession negotiations with Moldova in 2007. In December 2009, the Energy Community Ministerial Council decided on the accession, but made it conditional to amendment of Moldova's gas law.[1] Moldova joined the Energy Community as a full fledged member in March 2010. [2]

Moldova, together with the other Contracting Parties, has the following tasks and obligations:

  1. Extension of the acquis communautaire into their national legislation
  2. Establishment of mechanism for network energy markets operations
  3. Creation of a Single Energy Market

The Energy Community acquis communautaire consist today of rough 25 legal acts.[3] It includes key EU legal acts in the area of electricity, gas, oil, environment, energy efficiency, renewable energy resources and statistics. The Treaty envisages that the main principles of EU competition policy are also applicable. The timeline for transposition and implementation are laid down by the Treaty or by a Ministerial Council decision.

Moldova is a partner country of the EU INOGATE energy programme, which has four key topics: enhancing energy security, convergence of member state energy markets on the basis of EU internal energy market principles, supporting sustainable energy development, and attracting investment for energy projects of common and regional interest.[4]

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