President of Moldova

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President of Moldova
Standard of the President of Moldova.svg
Nicolae Timofti.jpg
Incumbent
Nicolae Timofti

since 23 March 2012
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential palace
Condriţa
Appointer Parliament of Moldova
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
Website www.presedinte.md
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions

The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Nicolae Timofti, who assumed office on 23 March 2012.

Description[edit]

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must get at least 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms. Nicolae Timofti was elected President by the Parliament on 16 March, 2012.

Acting president[edit]

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Preşedinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office[edit]

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

Vacancy[edit]

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

List of Presidents of Moldova[edit]

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)[edit]

Party

      Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Ion C. Inculeţ (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg Ion Inculeț December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)[edit]

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party[edit]

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet[edit]

Party

      PCM

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur 27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)[edit]

Parties

      PDAM       PCRM       PL       PLDM       PDM       Independent

Status
  Acting President
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur, March 2012-2.jpg Mircea Snegur 3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent
2 Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg Petru Lucinschi 15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova
3 Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Voronin 7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists
Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Mihai Ghimpu
(acting)
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vladimir Filat.jpg Vlad Filat
(acting)
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG Marian Lupu
(acting)
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti.jpg Nicolae Timofti 23 March 2012 Incumbent Independent

See also[edit]

External links[edit]