Federal Capital Territory (Nigeria)

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Federal Capital Territory
Nickname(s): Centre of Unity
Location of Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria
Location of Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°50′N 7°10′E / 8.833°N 7.167°E / 8.833; 7.167Coordinates: 8°50′N 7°10′E / 8.833°N 7.167°E / 8.833; 7.167
Country  Nigeria
Date created 3 February 1976
Capital Abuja
 • Minister[1] Bala Mohammed (PDP)
 • Total 7,315 km2 (2,824 sq mi)
Population (2006 census)1
 • Total 1,405,201
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $5.01 billion[2]
 • Per capita $3,285[2]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-FC
Website fct.gov.ng
^1 Preliminary results

The Federal Capital Territory is the home of Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. The Territory was formed in 1976 from parts of former Nasarawa, Niger, and Kogi States. It is in the central region of the country. Unlike the States of Nigeria, which are headed by elected Governors, it is administered by the Federal Capital Territory Administration, headed by a minister appointed by the President.


The territory is located just north of the confluence of the Niger River and Benue River. It is bordered by the states of Niger to the West and North, Kaduna to the northeast, Nasarawa to the east and south, and Kogi to the southwest.

Lying between latitude 8.25 and 9.20 north of the equator and longitude 6.45 and 7.39 east of Greenwich Meridian, Abuja is geographically located in the center of the country.

The Federal Capital Territory has a landmass of approximately 7,315 km², of which the actual city occupies 275.3 km2. It is situated within the Savannah region with moderate climatic conditions.

Area councils[edit]

The territory is currently made up of six local councils, comprising the City of Abuja and five Local Government Areas, namely:

Natural resources in FCT[edit]

a) Marble b) Tin c) Clay d) Mica e) Tantalite


  1. ^ See List of Abuja Federal Capital Territory Ministers for a list of prior ministers
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 

External links[edit]