|Nickname(s): Treasure Base of the Nation|
Location of Rivers State in Nigeria
|Date created||27 May 1967|
|• Body||Government of Rivers State|
|• Governor||Chibuike Amaechi (PDP)|
|• Total||11,077 km2 (4,277 sq mi)|
|• Estimate (2006)||5,185,400|
|• Density||468/km2 (1,210/sq mi)|
|• Total||$21.07 billion|
|• Per capita||$3,965|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+01)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-RI|
Rivers State is one of the 36 states of Nigeria. According to census data released in 2006, the state has a population of 5,185,400, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. Its capital, Port Harcourt is the largest city and is economically significant as the centre of Nigeria's oil industry. Rivers State is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean, to the North by Imo, Abia and Anambra States, to the East by Akwa Ibom State and to the West by Bayelsa and Delta states. It is home to many indigenous ethnic groups: Ikwerre, Ibani, Opobo, Okrika, and Kalabari, Etche, Ogba, Ogoni, Engenni and others.
Rivers state, named after the many rivers that border its territory, was part of the Oil Rivers Protectorate from 1885 till 1893, when it became part of the Niger Coast Protectorate. In 1900 the region was merged with the chartered territories of the Royal Niger Company to form the colony of Southern Nigeria. The state was formed in 1967 with the split of the Eastern Region of Nigeria. Until 1996 the state contained the area which is now in the Bayelsa State.
The Rivers State government consists of elected representatives and appointed officials responsible for the government of Rivers State, Nigeria. Rivers State has a population of over 5 million people, and is one of the 36 states that make up the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The State government has executive and legislative arms, with an independent judiciary. At the local level, elected officials are responsible for Local Government Areas.
The executive arm is headed by the Governor, supported by the Deputy Governor, both elected. The governor appoints Commissioners responsible for each of the ministries, and appoints the heads of parastatals, state-owned bodies with specific regulatory or administrative duties.
The legislative authority is primarily held by the state House of Assembly, which is made up of elected representatives from all constituencies of the state. Its functions at the state level are relative to those of the National Assembly at the federal level, creating laws for the good governance of the state, as well as acting as a check and balance on the powers and actions of the state's Chief Executive. The House of Assembly consists three times the total number of seats which the state has in the House of Representatives.
The Judiciary branch of the state government has sole authority and responsibility for the interpretation and application of the state's laws as well as the adjudication of disputes or controversies. It consists of eight courts: the High Court of Justice, the Magistrates Courts, the Customary Courts, the Juveniles Courts, the Revenue Courts, the Sanitation Courts, the Mobile Courts and Ports Related Offences Courts. It is governed mainly by the Chief Judge of the High Court of Justice. There are about 26 serving judges in the High Court of Justice, which comprises of 10 Judicial Divisions including Port Harcourt, Ahoada, Degema, Nchia, Bori, Omoku, Isiokpo, Okrika, Okehi, and Oyigbo.
Rivers State is currently composed of 23 local government areas, all of which handle local administration, under an elected Chairman. Each of the local government areas has its own Administrative capital.
|LGA Name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Port Harcourt||109||541,115||Port Harcourt||500|
Rivers State has one of the largest economies in Nigeria, mainly because of its crude oil. The State has two major refineries, two major seaports, airports, and various industrial estates spread across the state, particularly in the State capital.
In 1999 the state had 2,805 government primary schools and 243 secondary schools. The secondary schools are concentrated mainly in LGA headquarter towns and in Port Harcourt.
Tertiary institutions include the University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt established by the federal government in 1975, the Rivers State University of Science and Technology, founded in 1980 by the state government, the School of Health Technology, Port Harcourt, established by the state government, the federally owned polytechnic at Omoku and the state-owned Rivers State Polytechnic at Bori, the Rivers State University of Education (Ignatius Ajuru University) at Rumuolumeni, Nkpolu Oroworukwo and Ndele and the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Rumueme, Port Harcourt. The Rivers State College of Arts and Science in Port Harcourt gained polytechnic status in 2006.
- See List of Governors of Rivers State for a list of prior governors
- "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
- "Nigeria: Administrative Division". City Population. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- "Rivers State government website". Retrieved December 7, 2010.
- "About Us". Rivers State Judiciary. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- "SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE". OnlineNigeria. 2/10/2003. Retrieved 2010-03-04. Check date values in:
- "Rivers State College of Arts and Science". Rivers State College of Arts and Science. Retrieved 2010-03-04.