Yobe State

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Yobe State
State
Nickname(s): Pride Of The Sahel
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
Country  Nigeria
Date created 27 August 1991
Capital Damaturu
Government
 • Governor
(List)
Ibrahim Geidam (ANPP)
Area
 • Total 45,502 km2 (17,568 sq mi)
Area rank 6th of 36
Population (1991 census)
 • Total 1,411,481
 • Estimate (2011) 2,757,000 Increase
 • Rank 32nd of 36
 • Density 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $2.01 billion[1]
 • Per capita $843[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-YO

Yobe State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.

Geography[edit]

The state borders the Nigerian states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders the Diffa Region and the Zinder Region to the north in The Republic of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most the year, except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.

History[edit]

Yobe State came into being on the 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.[2]

On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with neighboring Borno State and Adamawa State, due to the activities of the terrorist network Boko Haram.[3]

Local Government Areas[edit]

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas, or LGAs. They are:

Economy[edit]

While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum in Fune LGA, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The major ethnic group living in Yobe State are Kanuri,[4] while other ethnic communities include Ngizim, Kare-Kare, Bolewa, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo and Shuwa, Fulani (( Bura )), maga.

Religion[edit]

The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid and Boko Haram is active.[5] No Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.

References[edit]

External links[edit]