Atlantic City Railroad

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The Atlantic City Railroad was a Philadelphia and Reading Railway subsidiary that became part of Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines in 1933. At the end of 1925 it operated 161 miles of road on 318 miles of track; that year it reported 43 million ton-miles of revenue freight and 204 million passenger-miles.

Atlantic City Railroad
150px
System map (West Jersey and Seashore Railroad lines in red, Atlantic City Railroad lines in purple)
Locale Camden, New Jersey and Winslow Junction, New Jersey to Atlantic City, New Jersey and Ocean City, New Jersey and Cape May, New Jersey
Dates of operation 1889–1933
Successor P-RSL
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Headquarters Camden, New Jersey

History[edit]

Effective 1 April 1889, the Philadelphia and Reading Railway consolidated all of its railroads in Southern New Jersey into the Atlantic City Railroad.[1]

Speed Records[edit]

On 20 July 1904, the regularly-scheduled train no. 25, which ran from Kaighn's Point in Camden, NJ to Atlantic City NJ, with Philadelphia and Reading Railway class P-4c 4-4-2 No.334 and 5 passenger cars, set a speed record. It ran the 55.5 miles in 43 minutes at an average speed of 77.4 mph. The 29.3 miles between Winslow Jct and Meadows Tower (outside of Atlantic City) were covered in 20 minutes at a speed of 87.9 mph. During the short segment between Egg Harbor and Brigantine Jct, the train was reported to have reached 115 mph.[1]

Predecessor Railroads[edit]

Camden, Gloucester & Mt. Ephraim Railway[edit]

Incorporated on 17 June 1873 by a group from Gloucester City, which wanted a rail line to link the busy passenger ferry landing at Kaighn’s Point in Camden to the Gloucester City industrial area 3.9 miles (6.3 km) away, then from that point another 1.3 miles (2.1 km) to Mount Ephraim Borough. A 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge was required, as much of the right of way used existing city streets with sharp curves. Work began in January, 1874 and the line from Kaighn’s Point to Gloucester City opened on 14 February 1874. The line to Mount Ephraim Borough opened in May 1876. In the middle of November, 1884, the Philadelphia and Reading Railway acquired the Camden, Gloucester & Mt Ephraim Railway. The Philadelphia and Reading Railway converted the track to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge in 1885.[1]

Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railway[edit]

During 1875, four of the Camden and Atlantic Board of Directors left, led by Samuel Richards who was an officer of the C&A for 24 years, to build a second railroad from Camden, New Jersey to Atlantic City NJ, by way of Clementon NJ.[1] Incorporated on 24 March 1876. 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow gauge was selected because narrow gauge was successful at the time and saved in lower operating cost. Work began in April 1877. The track work was completed in 90 days. On Saturday, 7 July 1877 the final spike was driven and the 54.67-mile (87.98 km) line was opened. On 12 July 1878 the P&AC RY slipped into bankruptcy. The Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railway was acquired by the CNJ and the Philadelphia and Reading Railway for $1,000,000 on 20 September 1883. And the name was modified to Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railroad effective 4 December 1883. The first thing done was to convert the line to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge, which was completed on 5 October 1884. The Philadelphia and Reading Railway acquired full control on 4 December 1885.[1]

Williamstown Railroad[edit]

This railroad was chartered on 13 March 1871 by the owners of one glassworks in Williamstown to build a line from Atco to Williamstown, and later to Glassboro NJ. The 9.5 mile line was completed in 1873. The line slipped bankruptcy in November 1881. The Williamstown Railroad had graded a line to Glassboro NJ but the rail was only laid 1.7 miles to Robanna NJ. The Williamstown Railroad was acquired by the CNJ and the Philadelphia and Reading Railway on 6 October 1883 at foreclosure sale. And the name was modified to Williamstown & Delaware River Railroad effective 7 December 1883. [1]

Williamstown and Delaware River Railroad[edit]

In the summer of 1883, the Williamstown & Delaware River Railroad track was laid to Glassboro. Now the line was 15.73 miles long. Also in 1883 a branch 1.20 miles long was built in Glassboro NJ as the Glassboro Railroad to the Whitney Brother’s glass works. The Philadelphia and Reading Railway acquired full control on 4 December 1885. In 1887 a new extension was built to Mullica Hill NJ. [1]

Railroads acquired in 1901[edit]

The Atlantic City Railroad was reincorporated on 14 June 1901 as a merger with other railroads......[1]

Camden County Railroad[edit]

The Camden County Railroad was incorporated on 17 September 1889 with the purpose of extending the ACRR's Gloucester Branch ex Camden, Gloucester & Mt Ephraim Railway between Mount Ephraim Borough and Spring Mills, home of the Bateman Manufacturing Company where two plants were in use constructing farm equipment. As of 31 December 1890, 5 miles of railroad were completed south of Mt. Ephraim. The remaining 2.19 miles were finished on 10 May 1891. Spring Mills saw its first train during the third week in March, while the first carload of farm equipment and tools did not leave Bateman Manufacturing until the beginning of April. Stations were constructed along the Camden County Railroad at Bellmawr, Runnemede, Glendora, Chews Landing formerly South Glendora, Blenheim, Blackwood, and Spring Mills, renamed Grenloch (in Gloucester Township, New Jersey ) upon completion of the line. After construction was complete, the Camden County Railroad, which had been established with the sole purpose of constructing this extension, was leased to the Atlantic City Railroad.[1] Atlantic City Railroad Timetable No. 3, effective 14 April 1892, was the first to show trains operating on the Gloucester Branch between Mt. Ephraim and Grenloch.

  • ACRR Gloucester Branch
  • P-RSL Grenloch Branch

Cape May, Delaware Bay and Sewell's Point Railroad[edit]

Ran from Sunset Beach in Cape May around the Point to South Cape May into Cape May City, out to Sewell’s Point back around to Schellenger’s landing

Ocean City Railroad[edit]

Ocean City Junction to Ocean City

Seacoast Railroad[edit]

Winslow Junction to Tuckahoe, Sea Isle City and Cape May

Railroads acquired in the 1930s[edit]

Stone Harbor Railroad[edit]

Acquired in April 1932, the SHRR ran from Cape May Court House to Stone Harbor; it was merged with the PRSL in 1936.[1]

Wildwood and Delaware Bay Short Line Railroad[edit]

Acquired in July 1930, the W&DBSLRR ran from Wildwood Junction to Wildwood; it was merged with the ACRR (by then PRSL) in 1934. [1]

Railroads Operated or Leased[edit]

Pleasantville & Ocean City Railroad[edit]

June 9, 1880 Pleasantville & Ocean City Railroad incorporated in New Jersey; William Massey, Pres. (Val)

October 26, 1880 Pleasantville & Ocean City Railroad (3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow gauge) opens between Pleasantville and Somers Point, N.J.; operated by Philadelphia & Atlantic City Railway; opening excursion runs from Philadelphia to Ocean City; Ocean City Association operates connecting steamboat between Somers Point and Ocean City. (Val, Lee)

May 1882 William Massey sells the Pleasantville & Ocean City Railroad to the West Jersey and Atlantic Railroad.

June 1, 1882 The West Jersey and Atlantic Railroad leases the Pleasantville & Ocean City Railroad and converted to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge on June 4, 1882.

Brigantine Railroads[edit]

August 7, 1889 Brigantine Beach Railroad incorporated in New Jersey to build from Pomona on the Camden and Atlantic Railroad to Brigantine Island.

April 21, 1890 Pomona Beach Railroad incorporated in New Jersey to build from Camden and Atlantic Railroad to the Atlantic City Railroad at Pomona, to connect the Brigantine Beach Railroad with the ACRR.

August 18, 1890 Brigantine Beach Railroad and Pomona Beach Railroad are leased to Atlantic City Railroad.

January 27, 1891 Pomona Beach Railroad consolidated with Brigantine Beach Railroad, that now runs from Brigantine Beach to Brigantine Junction 13.90 miles.

1893 Brigantine Transit Company built as an electric trolley line, The road extends along Brigantine Beach NJ a distance of six and one quarter miles.

June 27, 1895 The secretary of Brigantine Transit Company, George H. Cook buys the Brigantine Beach Railroad at foreclosure sale.

April 1, 1896 the Brigantine Beach Railroad reincorporated as Philadelphia & Brigantine Railroad; George H. Cook Pres.; The Philadelphia & Brigantine Railroad lease Brigantine Transit Company.

September 30, 1897 Atlantic City Railroad canceled the lease of Philadelphia & Brigantine Railroad.

September 12, 1903 Storm destroys trestle leading to Brigantine Island on Philadelphia & Brigantine Railroad. (Coxey)

October 9, 1903 Philadelphia & Brigantine Railroad abandons all service. (Coxey)

Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines[edit]

On 2 November 1932, the Pennsylvania Railroad and Reading Company joined their southern New Jersey railroad lines into one company, The Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines which the Pennsylvania Railroad had a 2/3 ownership, And the Reading Company had a 1/3 ownership.[2]

On 15 July 1933, The Atlantic City Railroad leased the West Jersey & Seashore Railroad and changed its name to Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines .[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Atlantic City Railroad : The Royal Route To The Sea. Palmyra, NJ: West Jersey Chapter, National Railway Historical Society. 1980. p. 172. 
  2. ^ a b Gladulich, Richard M. (1986). By rail to the boardwalk. Glendale, Calif.: Trans Anglo Books. ISBN 0-87046-076-5. 

External links[edit]

Book Sources/References[edit]

  • 1) Trans-Anglo Books By Rail to the Boardwalk (1986) Richard M. Gladulich ISBN 0-87046-076-5
  • 2) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS West Jersey Rails (1983) NRHS
  • 3) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS West Jersey Rails II (1985) NRHS
  • 4) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS West Jersey Rails III (2002) NRHS
  • 5) Crusader Press Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines (1980) ISBN 0-937156-02-7
  • 6) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS The Reading Seashore Lines (2007) Library of Congress Control Number 2005936161
  • 7) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS Atlantic City Railroad (1980) Library of Congress Control Number 77-79997
  • 8) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS The Philadelphia Marlton and Medford Railroad Co. 1881 - 1931 (1973)
  • 9) West Jersey Chapter-NRHS The Trains to America's Playground (1988) Morning Sun Books Inc.
  • 10) Pennsylvania- Reading Seashores Lines In Color (1996) ISBN 1-87887-57-2
  • 11) Robert Stanton The Railroads of Camden New Jersey (2006)
  • 12) Robert Stanton Trolley Days in Camden New Jersey (2004)