Field marshal (India)

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Shoulder insignia of a field marshal
Navies Armies Air forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Marshal or
Field marshal
Marshal of
the air force
Admiral General Air chief marshal
Vice admiral Lieutenant general Air marshal
Rear admiral Major general Air vice-marshal
Commodore Brigadier or
Brigadier general
Air commodore
Captain Colonel Group captain
Commander Lieutenant colonel Wing commander
Lieutenant
commander
Major or
Commandant
Squadron leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight lieutenant
Sub-lieutenant Lieutenant or
First lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign Second
lieutenant
Pilot officer
Midshipman Officer cadet Officer cadet
Enlisted grades
Chief petty officer or
Warrant officer
Sergeant major or
Warrant officer
Warrant officer
Petty officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading seaman Corporal Corporal
Seaman Private Aircraftman

Field marshal (FM) is a five star general officer rank and the highest attainable rank in the Indian Army. Field marshal is ranked immediately above general and is largely a ceremonial/war time rank, having been awarded only twice. A field marshal's insignia consists of the national emblem over a crossed baton and saber in a lotus blossom wreath. It is equivalent to an admiral of the fleet in the Indian Navy or a marshal of the air force in the Indian Air Force.

On appointment, field marshals are awarded a gold-tipped baton which they may carry on formal occasions.

Notable Indian field marshals[edit]

  • Sam Manekshaw MC (3 April 1914 – 27 June 2008), also known as "Sam Bahadur" ("Sam the Brave"), was the first Indian Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. His distinguished military career spanned four decades and five wars, beginning with service in the British Indian Army in World War II. Manekshaw rose to be the 8th chief of staff of the Indian Army in 1969 and under his command, Indian forces conducted victorious campaigns against Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 that led to the liberation of Bangladesh in December 1971. The decisive results achieved by the Indian Army during this war under the able military leadership of Manekshaw gave the nation a new sense of confidence and his services were recognized by the President of India when in January 1973, he was elevated to the rank of field marshal.


References[edit]