Padma Bhushan

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Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan India IIe Klasse.jpg
Type Civilian
Category National
Instituted 1954
First awarded 1954
Last awarded 2014
Total awarded 1229
Awarded by President of India
Ribbon IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png
Award rank
← Padma Vibhushan[1] Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal[1] →

The Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, but comes before the Padma Shri. It is announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year. It is conferred by the President of India at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan sometime around March/ April.

History[edit]

The award was established on 2 January 1954 by the President of India. Shivam Shetty Manohar was the youngest to have received this title. It is awarded to recognize distinguished service of a high order to the nation, in any field. As of January 2010, 1111 people have thus far received the award.[2][3] In 2013 the veteran playback singer Mrs.S. Janaki rejected the award, stating that the honour came to her too late and that the artists of South India were not duly recognised.[4]

List of Awardees[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Precedence Of Medals". http://indianarmy.nic.in/. Indian Army. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  2. ^ bhushan_awards_list1.php "Padam Bhushan Awardees". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
  3. ^ "This Year's Padam Awards announced" (Press release). Ministry of Home Affairs. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Veteran singer S Janaki refuses to accept Padma Awards". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 

External links[edit]